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Daily Archives: July 20, 2014

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians – CRS

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians. Jim Zanotti – Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs. July 3, 2014.

“Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s, the U.S. government has committed more than $5 billion in bilateral assistance to the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza, who are among the largest per capita recipients of foreign aid worldwide. U.S. aid to the Palestinians is intended to promote at least three major  U.S. policy priorities of interest to Congress:
• Preventing terrorism against Israel from the Sunni Islamist group Hamas and other militant organizations.
• Fostering stability, prosperity, and self-governance that incline Palestinians toward peaceful coexistence with Israel and a “two-state solution.”
• Meeting humanitarian needs. For the seven years from June 2007 to June 2014, U.S. aid to the Palestinians occurred within the context of a geographical and factional split between

  • 1. West Bank/Fatah: a U.S.- and Western-supported Palestinian Authority (PA) in the West Bank led by President Mahmoud Abbas (who also leads the secular nationalist Fatah faction and the Palestine Liberation Organization, or PLO); and
  • 2. Gaza Strip/Hamas: a de facto regime led by Hamas in Gaza.”

 

Obama opens East Coast to oil search, sonic cannons – AP

AP: “The Obama administration is reopening the Eastern Seaboard to offshore oil and gas exploration, announcing final approval Friday of sonic cannons that can pinpoint energy deposits deep beneath the ocean floor. The decision promises to create plenty of jobs and thrills the oil industry, but dismays environmentalists worried about the immediate impact as well asContinue Reading

Trends in State Courts 2014

“Trends in State Courts 2014 focuses on what courts can do, and are doing, to serve the needs of society’s most vulnerable groups: juveniles and the elderly. Articles in two special sections focus on many aspects of juvenile justice and elder issues, such as the Models for Change Juvenile Justice Initiative funded by the John D.Continue Reading

Consumer Cloud Robotics and the Fair Information Practice Principles

Proia, Andrew A. and Simshaw, Drew and Hauser, Kris, Consumer Cloud Robotics and the Fair Information Practice Principles: Recognizing the Challenges and Opportunities Ahead (2014). Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Forthcoming. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2466723 “Rapid technological innovation has made commercially accessible consumer robotics a reality. At the same time, individuals andContinue Reading

Dietary greenhouse gas emissions of meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK

“The production of animal-based foods is associated with higher greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions than plant-based foods. The objective of this study was to estimate the difference in dietary GHG emissions between self-selected meat-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians and vegans in the UK. Subjects were participants in the EPIC-Oxford cohort study. The diets of 2,041 vegans, 15,751 vegetarians,Continue Reading

Loopholes for Circumventing the Constitution: Warrantless Bulk Surveillance on Americans by Collecting Network Traffic Abroad

Arnbak, Axel and Goldberg, Sharon, Loopholes for Circumventing the Constitution: Warrantless Bulk Surveillance on Americans by Collecting Network Traffic Abroad (June 27, 2014). HOTPETS, 2014. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2460462 “In this multi-disciplinary paper, we reveal interdependent legal and technical loopholes that intelligence agencies of the U.S. government could use to circumvent constitutional and statutoryContinue Reading

Contributed papers presented at SLA 2014 Annual Conference & INFO-EXPO in Vancouver, Canada, in June 2014

Lessons from the Battlefield: The Challenges and Evolution of an Embedded Researcher, Leah Swift Information Verification in the Age of Digital Journalism, Nora Martin Beyond COUNTER Data for Journal Retention Decisions: A Case Study of Chemistry and Biochemistry Periodical Value Metrics at a Research University, Lutishoor Salisbury Leaders in Librarianship: The Role of Special Libraries Association in Asia, P.K.Continue Reading

US National Archives enshrines Wikipedia in Open Government Plan

News release: “The US National Archives and Record Administration (NARA) have committed to engaging with Wikimedia projects in their newest Open Government Plan. The biannual effort is a roadmap for how the agency will accomplish its goals in the digital age. In the first plan, issued in 2010, Archivist of the United States David Ferriero wrote “the cornerstone ofContinue Reading

New on LLRX – Information Quality Resources

Via LLRX.com – Information Quality Resources – Marcus P. Zillman’s guide focuses on the increasingly important topic of identifying reliable and actionable Information resources on the internet, a task specifically critical for researchers in all sectors. With the proliferation of non attributable, un-vetted, un-sourced information churning 24/7 through a spectrum of social media sites, getting it right takes timeContinue Reading