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Category Archives: Civil Liberties

The Global Gender Gap Report 2016

“The Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, education, health and political criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups. The rankings are designed to create global awareness of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps. Last year’s edition marked the 10th anniversary of the Index and examined the changing patterns of gender-based inequities around the world over a full decade’s worth of data. This year’s 11th edition continues to build on the well-established strengths of the Report while adapting a number of elements—namely, the Index’s threshold for calculating gender gaps in estimated earned income, the Report’s regional classification, and visualization of results—to evolve the Global Gender Gap Index for its second decade. The first part of this chapter reviews the underlying concepts employed in creating the Global Gender Gap Index and outlines the methods used to calculate it. The second part presents the 2016 rankings, overall trends, regional performance and notable country cases. It also provides information on progress over time and progress within income groups. Next, the Report lays out the economic case for gender parity, with a focus on the growing evidence of inter-linkages between gender gaps and the future economic prospects and resilience of industries and countries. The fourth part of this chapter takes a deeper look at gender parity as a key element of human capital in countries all throughout the world, examining global patterns, contextual factors, rates of change and proposals to prepare for the future. The Country Profiles contained in Part 2 of this Report give a more detailed picture of the relative strengths and weaknesses of each country’s performance compared with that of other nations and relative to its own past performance. The first page of each profile contains key demographic and economic indicators as well as detailed information on the country’s performance in both 2016 and in the year in which it was first featured in the Report. The second page of the Country Profiles highlights more than 70 gender-related indicators that provide a fuller context for the country’s performance. These indicators include information on workforce participation, economic leadership, access to assets and technology, political leadership, family, the care economy, education and skills, and health-related factors.”

Secrecy News reports portions of CIA Records Search Tool will be posted for public access

FAS – Secrecy News – Steven Aftergood: “The Central Intelligence Agency said this week that it will post its database of declassified CIA documents online, making them broadly accessible to all interested users. The database, known as CREST (for CIA Records Search Tool), contains more than 11 million pages of historical Agency records that have… Continue Reading

Gallup – Reality and Perception: Why Men Are Paid More

Jane Miller and Amy Adkins, Gallup – “This article is the first in a two-part series. The gender pay gap is one of the most controversial topics related to women and work. Though less pronounced than in the past, the pay gap still exists and has barely budged in over a decade. Estimates of the… Continue Reading

State Voter Identification Requirements: Analysis, Legal Issues, and Policy Considerations

CRS report via FAS – State Voter Identification Requirements: Analysis, Legal Issues, and Policy Considerations, Eric A. Fischer, Senior Specialist in Science and Technology; R. Sam Garrett, Specialist in American National Government; L. Paige Whitaker, Legislative Attorney. October 21, 2016. “About 60% of U.S. voters live in the 32 states that require a voter at… Continue Reading

Applying the Right to Be Forgotten: IFLA Publishes Open Letter

Application of Right to be Forgotten Rulings: The Library Viewpoint “See also IFLA’s background report on the right to be forgotten around the world, as well as the report from the workshop IFLA organised at the latest European Internet Governance Forum (EuroDIG).” Continue Reading

Amnesty International Reviews IM Applications, Privacy and Human Rights Risks

“Encryption helps protect people’s human rights online. By rendering digital data unintelligible, encryption helps ensure that private information sent over the internet stays private. Technology companies play a crucial role in keeping digital information safe. In this report, Amnesty International ranks 11 technology companies on whether they are meeting their human rights responsibilities by using… Continue Reading

Pew – Middle East’s Migrant Population More Than Doubles Since 2005

“Between 2005 and 2015, the number of migrants living in the Middle East more than doubled, from about 25 million to around 54 million, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of data from United Nations agencies. Some of this growth was due to individuals and families seeking economic opportunities. But the majority of the… Continue Reading

Ranking Gender Inequality in All 50 States

24/7 Wall St review of gender equality in all 50 states: “Perhaps the most egregious component of gender inequality in the U.S. is the wage gap. Though the severity of the wage gap varies by state, nationwide, the typical woman working full time earns 80 cents for every dollar a man earns. No state has… Continue Reading

Gallup – Women in America: Work and Life Well-Lived

How can businesses create the ideal work culture for female employees? “In the U.S., more than 5 million jobs are available. But women continue to drop out of the workforce in troubling numbers. Far less than half of female employees (35%) are engaged in their jobs, and nearly half of women say they are looking… Continue Reading

EPA IG Reports Drinking Water Contamination in Flint

Follow up to previous postings on water contamination in Flint, Michigan – see the EPA IG report, Management Alert: Drinking Water Contamination in Flint, Michigan, Demonstrates a Need to Clarify EPA Authority to Issue Emergency Orders to Protect the Public – and accompanying pocast and video, posted on October 201, 2016: “This report is an… Continue Reading

Report – Unregulated Police Face Recognition in America

Center on Privacy & Technology at Georgetown Law, The Perpetual Line-up, 2016: “There is a knock on your door. It’s the police. There was a robbery in your neighborhood. They have a suspect in custody and an eyewitness. But they need your help: Will you come down to the station to stand in the line-up?… Continue Reading

Interactive Feature on Trump’s Immigration Policy in NY Times with Social Explorer Analysis

Via Social Explorer: “A new interactive article by Jugal K. Patel in The New York Times features data and analysis compiled by Social Explorer’s Andrew Beveridge. Presidential candidate Donald Trump recently stated that he wants to “keep immigration levels within historical norms,” but did not define those ranges. The Times investigates two hundred years of the… Continue Reading