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Category Archives: Congress

U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends

CRS – U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends. William A. Kandel, Analyst in Immigration Policy, December 17, 2014

“This report is a chart book of selected immigration trends that touch on the main elements of comprehensive immigration reform (CIR). Most policymakers agree that the main issues in CIR include increased border security and immigration enforcement, improved employment eligibility verification, revision of legal immigration, and options to address the millions of unauthorized aliens residing in the country. The report offers snapshots of time series data, using the most complete and consistent time series currently available for each statistic. The key findings and elements germane to the data depicted are summarized with the figures. The summary offers the highlights of key immigration trends. The United States has a history of receiving immigrants, and these foreign-born residents of the United States have come from all over the world.

  • Immigration to the United States today has reached annual levels comparable to the early years of the 20th century.
  • Immigration over the last few decades of the 20th century was not as dominated by three or four countries as it was earlier in the century, and this pattern has continued into the 21st century.
  • The number of foreign-born residents in the United States is at its highest level in U.S. history, reaching 41.3 million in 2013.
  • Foreign-born residents of the United States made up 13.1% of the U.S. population in 2013, approaching levels not seen since the proportion of foreignborn residents reached 14.8% in 1910.

Legal immigration encompasses permanent immigrant admissions (e.g., employment-based or family-based immigrants) and temporary nonimmigrant admissions (e.g., guest workers, foreign students). The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) contains the provisions detailing the requirements for admission (permanent and temporary) of foreign nationals and the eligibility rules for foreign nationals to become U.S. citizens.

  • In FY2013, 991,000 aliens became U.S. legal permanent residents (LPRs). Of this total, 65% entered on the basis of family ties.
  • The pool of people potentially eligible to immigrate to the United States as LPRs each year typically exceeds the worldwide level set by the INA.
  • Most of the 4.4 million approved petitions pending at the close of FY2014 were for family members of U.S. citizens.
  • After falling from 7.6 million in FY2001 to 5.0 million in FY2004, temporary visa issuances reached 9.2 million in FY2013.
  • Generally, all of the temporary employment-based visa categories have increased since FY1994. Although there was a dip during the recent recession, the number of employment-based temporary visas increased each year between FY2010 and FY2013.”

 

New GAO Reports – DHS, Fair Labor Standards Act, FEMA. State and Local Govt’s, Tax Exempt Organizations

Department of Homeland Security: Continued Action Needed to Strengthen Management of Administratively Uncontrollable Overtime, GAO-15-95: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014. Fair Labor Standards Act: Extending Protections to Home Care Workers, GAO-15-12: Published: Dec 17, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2014. Federal Emergency Management Agency: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Oversight of Administrative Costs forContinue Reading

Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis

CRS – Legislation to Facilitate Cybersecurity Information Sharing: Economic Analysis. N. Eric Weiss, Specialist in Financial Economics. December 11, 2014. “Data breaches, such as those at Target, Home Depot, Neiman Marcus, and JPMorgan Chase, affecting financial records of tens of millions of households seem to occur regularly. Companies typically respond by trying to increase their cybersecurity by hiring consultants and purchasing newContinue Reading

GPO Releases Official Digital and Print Version of Senate CIA Report

“The U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) makes available the official and authentic digital and print versions of the Report of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program, together with a forward by Chairman Feinstein and Additional and Minority Views (Senate Report 113-288). This document comprises the declassified Executive SummaryContinue Reading

Huge defense bill includes expansion and protection of national parks

CNN: “Tucked inside the defense authorization bill that the Senate passed Friday was an unrelated public lands package that’s set to bring the biggest expansion to the National Park Service in decades. Despite some conservative opposition—a chorus that skewered the legislation as a pork-barrel land grab—the measure also establishes thousands of acres of new wilderness areas.Continue Reading

114th Congress New Member Pictorial Directory

Via GPO – New Member Pictorial Directory Prepared by the Committee on House Administration. Candice S. Miller, Chairman | Robert A. Brady, Ranking Minority Member.

SIGAR High Risk List

Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction December 2014 “SIGAR’s experience in Afghanistan, as well as the experience of other oversight agencies, has shown that there are several sources of risk in implementing reconstruction programs in Afghanistan. These include (but are not limited to): • limited institutional and human-capital capacity in Afghan institutions • operational demands and constraints imposed by anContinue Reading

Fiscal 2015: All Things ‘Cromnibus’

Via CQ Roll Call: ” Lawmakers have released the so-called cromnibus, which would to fund the entire government, except the Department of Homeland Security, through the end of fiscal 2015. DHS would be funded with a shorter-term continuing resolution (putting the “cr” in cromnibus). Congress will likely vote by the end of the week of theContinue Reading

Predicting the Fallout from King v. Burwell – Exchanges and the ACA

Predicting the Fallout from King v. Burwell — Exchanges and the ACA – Nicholas Bagley, J.D., David K. Jones, Ph.D., and Timothy Stoltzfus Jost, J.D., December 10, 2014. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1414191. “The U.S. Supreme Court’s surprise announcement on November 7 that it would hear King v. Burwell  [759 F.3d 358] struck fear in the hearts of supporters of theContinue Reading

Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions

Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions. Wendy Ginsberg, Analyst in American National Government; Michael Greene, Information Research Specialist. December 8, 2014. “Federal inspectors general (IGs) are authorized to combat waste, fraud, and abuse within their affiliated federal entities. To execute their missions, offices of inspector general (OIGs) conduct and publish audits and investigations—among other duties. Two major enactments—the Inspector General Act ofContinue Reading

Study of the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation Program – Unclassified

Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program. Foreword by Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Chairman Dianne Feinstein. Findings and Conclusions – Executive Summary Approved December 13,2012. Updated for Release April 3, 2014. Declassifications Revisions December 3, 2014. “On April 3, 2014, the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence voted to send the Findings and Conclusions andContinue Reading

Hearing Before the Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attacks on Benghazi, Libya

Via GPO Full Text in PDF – Hearing Before the Select Committee on the Events Surrounding the 2012 Terrorist Attacks on Benghazi, Libya – HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES – ONE HUNDRED THIRTEENTH CONGRESS SECOND SESSION – HELD IN WASHINGTON, DC, SEPTEMBER 17, 2014