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Category Archives: Congress

Proposed efficiency standard may eliminate noncondensing gas furnaces

EIA: “Following a court challenge that caused a previous proposal to be sent back for further analysis, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a new proposed rulemaking to increase the minimum efficiency standards for gas furnaces, which are mostly fueled by natural gas but also include propane furnaces. Gas furnaces are one ofContinue Reading

The Politics of Selecting the Bench from the Bar: The Legal Profession and Partisan Incentives to Politicize the Judiciary

Bonica, Adam, and Maya Sen. “The Politics of Selecting the Bench from the Bar: The Legal Profession and Partisan Incentives to Politicize the Judiciary.” HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series RWP15-001, January 2015. “The American judiciary has increasingly come under attack as polarized and politicized. Using a newly collected dataset that captures the ideological positioningContinue Reading

DOT and FAA Propose New Rules for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems

News release: “The Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration today proposed a framework of regulations that would allow routine use of certain small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in today’s aviation system, while maintaining flexibility to accommodate future technological innovations. The FAA proposal offers safety rules for small UAS (under 55 pounds) conducting non-recreational operations. TheContinue Reading

Untested unregulated chemicals in consumer products are hazardous to your health

“GreenScreen® for Safer Chemicals is a method for comparative chemical hazard assessment. It is used by a wide range of professionals, governmental bodies, non-profits, businesses, formulators, and product developers, and anybody interested in assessing the inherent hazards of chemicals and their potential effect on human health and the environment.” “Diseases of our modern age areContinue Reading

The Target and Other Financial Data Breaches: Frequently Asked Questions

The Target and Other Financial Data Breaches: Frequently Asked Questions “In November and December of 2013, cybercriminals breached the data security of Target, one of the largest U.S. retail chains, stealing the personal and financial information of millions of customers. On December 19, 2013, Target confirmed that some 40 million credit and debit card accountContinue Reading

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions. Marc Labonte, Specialist in Macroeconomic Policy. February 9, 2015. “The Federal Reserve (the Fed) defines monetary policy as its actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit. Because the expectations of market participants play an important role in determining prices and economicContinue Reading

Why CBO Pro Why CBO Projects That Actual Output Will Be Below Potential Output on Average jects That Actual Output Will Be Below Potential Output on Average

“Overall economic activity often is measured as the market value of the economy’s total output of goods and services—the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP). For many reasons, GDP rises in some periods and falls in others, but those fluctuations occur around a rising path that is determined by growth in three particular factors in theContinue Reading

Markey Report Reveals Automobile Security and Privacy Vulnerabilities

“New standards are needed to plug security and privacy gaps in our cars and trucks, according to a report released today by Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.). The report, called Tracking & Hacking: Security & Privacy Gaps Put American Drivers at Risk and first reported on by CBS News’ 60 Minutes, reveals how sixteen majorContinue Reading

Speech by Governor Powell on Audit the Fed and other proposals

Governor Jerome H. Powell At the Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law, Washington, D.C. February 9, 2015 – “Audit the Fed” and Other Proposals: “It has been a little more than six years since the fall of 2008, when the peak of a severe financial crisis presented the very real threat of aContinue Reading

Lawmakers Call on Feds to Investigate Use of Supercookies

“A handful of U.S. senators are asking two federal agencies to investigate Verizon’s use of so-called supercookies that track cellphone users’ habits.  In letters to the Federal Trade and Federal Communications commissions today, the lawmakers said the company’s use of supercookies warrants a thorough examination by both agencies. Among the lawmakers is U.S. Sen. BillContinue Reading

The Politics of Group Targeting in Presidential Campaign Advertisements: A Preliminary Investigation

Rhodes, Jesse H. and Johnson, Kaylee, The Politics of Group Targeting in Presidential Campaign Advertisements: A Preliminary Investigation (February 5, 2015). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2560998 “This paper develops a theory of the frequency and tone of group appeals in presidential campaign advertisements. Using data from the 2008 presidential election campaign, it provides aContinue Reading

Poverty in the United States: 2013

CRS Report – Poverty in the United States: 2013. Thomas Gabe, Specialist in Social Policy, January 29, 2015. “In 2013, 45.3 million people were counted as poor in the United States under the official poverty measure—a number statistically unchanged from the 46.5 million people estimated as poor in 2012. The poverty rate, or percent ofContinue Reading