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Category Archives: Congress

Supreme Court Appointment Process: President’s Selection of a Nominee

CRS report – Supreme Court Appointment Process: President’s Selection of a Nominee – Barry J. McMillion, Analyst on the Federal Judiciary. April 1, 2016. “The appointment of a Supreme Court Justice is an event of major significance in American politics. Each appointment is of consequence because of the enormous judicial power the Supreme Court exercisesContinue Reading

CRS – Medicare Primer

Medicare Primer, March 31, 2016: “Medicare is a federal program that pays for covered health care services of qualified beneficiaries. It was established in 1965 under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide health insurance to individuals 65 and older, and has been expanded over the years to include permanently disabled individuals underContinue Reading

Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents

CRS Report – Cybersecurity: Legislation, Hearings, and Executive Branch Documents, Rita Tehan, Information Research Specialist. March 30, 2016. “Cybersecurity vulnerabilities challenge governments, businesses, and individuals worldwide. Attacks have been initiated against individuals, corporations, and countries. Targets have included government networks, companies, and political organizations, depending upon whether the attacker was seeking military intelligence, conducting diplomaticContinue Reading

Economic Report of the President

Economic Report of the President 2016 – “The Economic Report of the President is an annual report written by the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers. It overviews the nation’s economic progress using text and extensive data appendices. The Economic Report of the President is transmitted to Congress no later than ten days afterContinue Reading

The Power Canons

Heinzerling, Lisa, The Power Canons (March 31, 2016). William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 58, Forthcoming. Available for download at SSRN: With three recent decisions – UARG v. EPA, King v. Burwell, and Michigan v. EPA – the Supreme Court has embraced a new trio of canons of statutory interpretation. When an agency chargedContinue Reading

How the Congressional Budget Office Uses Demographic Data

Presentation by Julie Topoleski, Chief of the Long-Term Analysis Unit in CBO’s Health, Retirement, and Long-Term Analysis Division, at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America. “CBO uses a variety of demographic data. Those data underlie CBO’s budget and economic projections, and some cost estimates for legislation. Demographic data played an importantContinue Reading

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Frequently Asked Questions

Via FAS – CRS report – Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Frequently Asked Questions, Lauren Ploch Blanchard, Specialist in African Affairs. March 29, 2016. “Boko Haram, a violent Nigerian Islamist movement, has grown increasingly active and deadly in its attacks against state and civilian targets in recent years, drawing on a narrative of victimization and vengeance forContinue Reading

Campaign Exposes Fissures Over Issues, Values and How Life Has Changed in the U.S.

Pew Research Center – “The 2016 presidential campaign has exposed deep disagreements between – and within – the two parties on a range of major policy issues. But these divisions go well beyond the issues and extend to fundamentally different visions of the way that life in the United States has changed. Overall, 46% ofContinue Reading

An Analysis of the President’s 2017 Budget

“This report by CBO presents an analysis of the President’s budget request for fiscal year 2017. The analysis is based on CBO’s economic projections and estimating models, rather than on the Administration’s, and the estimates of the effects of the President’s tax proposals were prepared by the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT).Continue Reading

GAO Reports – Federal Protective Service, HUBZone Program, 2015 Lobbying Disclosure, Unmanned Carrier-Based Aircraft System, Vehicle Safety

Federal Protective Service: Enhancements to Performance Measures and Data Quality Processes Could Improve Human Capital Planning, GAO-16-384: Published: Mar 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016. HUBZone Program: Actions Taken on February 2015 GAO Recommendations, GAO-16-423R: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2016. IRS Referral Programs: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Controls and IncreaseContinue Reading

Garland Nomination to Supreme Court Gets Positive Reception From Public

Pew Research Center: “Although Merrick Garland’s nomination to the Supreme Court faces an uncertain fate in the Senate, more Americans say they favor (46%) than oppose (30%) Garland’s confirmation to the high court. About a quarter (24%) offer no opinion. Before President Obama nominated Garland on March 16, Senate Republican leaders had vowed to notContinue Reading

GAO Reports – Drinking Water, Financial Regulation, IRS Information Security

Drinking Water: EPA Needs to Collect Information and Consistently Conduct Activities to Protect Underground Sources of Drinking Water, GAO-16-281: Published: Feb 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2016: “The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has not collected specific inspection and complete or consistent enforcement information, or consistently conducted oversight activities, to assess whether state and EPA-managedContinue Reading