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Category Archives: Domain Names

CRS – The Future of Internet Governance

The Future of Internet Governance: Should the U.S. Relinquish Its Authority Over ICANN? Lennard G. Kruger, Specialist in Science and Technology Policy, May 5, 2015.
“Currently, the U.S. government retains limited authority over the Internet’s domain name system, primarily through the Internet Assigned Number s Authority (IANA) functions contract between the National Telecommunications and Informati on Administration (NTIA) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). By virtue of the IANA functions contract, the NTIA exerts a legacy authority and stewardship over ICANN, and arguably has more influence over ICANN and the domain name system (DNS) than other national

governments. On March 14, 2014, NTIA announced the intention to transition its stewardship role and procedural authority over key Internet domain name functions to the global Internet multistakeholder community. To accomplish this transition, NTIA has asked ICANN to convene interested global Internet stakeholders to develop a transition proposal. NTIA has stated that it will not accept any transition proposal that would replace the NTIA role with a government-led or an intergovernmental organization solution. Currently, Internet stakeholders are engaged in a series of working groups to develop a transition proposal. Their goal is to submit a final proposal to NTIA by summer 2015. NTIA must approve the proposal in order for it to relinquish its authority over the IANA functions contract. While the IANA functions contract expires on September 30, 2015, NTIA has the flexibility to extend the contract for any period through September 2019. Concerns have risen in Congress over the proposed transition. Critics worry that relinquishing U.S. authority over Internet domain names may offer opportunities for either hostile foreign governments or intergovernmental organizations, such as the United Nations, to gain undue influence over the Internet. On the other hand, supporters argue that this transition completes the necessary evolution of Internet domain name governance towards the private sector, and will ultimately support and strengthen the multistakeholder model of Internet governance.”

Robots, Pirates, and the Rise of the Automated Takedown Regime

Carpou, Zoe, Robots, Pirates, and the Rise of the Automated Takedown Regime (April 6, 2015). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2591187 “The notice-and-takedown provision of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act has become increasingly controversial, particularly with the ever-increasing use of “robo-takedown” requests — an automated procedure by which a copyright holder locates allegedly infringing contentContinue Reading

Life in the Global Public Domain

Ruggie, John Gerard, Life in the Global Public Domain: Response to Commentaries on the UN Guiding Principles and the Proposed Treaty on Business and Human Rights (January 23, 2015). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2554726 ““This paper addresses the foundational logics of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, and comments on theContinue Reading

Understanding ICANN’s Complexity in a Growing and Changing Internet

Testart, Cecilia, Understanding ICANN’s Complexity in a Growing and Changing Internet (April 15, 2014). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2431571 “Historically, the primary governance of the Internet has been in the hands of the Internet Corporations for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), a non-profit corporation appointed by the US government to develop policy for and manage the criticalContinue Reading

What happens to the internet after the U.S. hands off ICANN to others?

Pew Research Center, Lee Raine: “It is important to remember that no one, no government and no organization “controls the internet.”  ICANN is a crucial cog in the functioning of the internet because computers (and the people who use them) cannot find each other on the internet without Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. ICANN oversees how those addressesContinue Reading

ICANN will transition to global plan for private stakeholder control

Via Nextgov: “A top Commerce Department official pushed back Wednesday against concerns that the Obama administration is opening the door to an Internet takeover by Russia, China, and other authoritarian regimes. The fears stem from the Commerce Department’s announcement last Friday that it plans to give the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, an international nonprofit group, controlContinue Reading

The Long and the Short of Household Formation

The Long and the Short of Household Formation, Andrew D. Paciorek, 2013-26. May 10, 2013 “One of the drivers of housing demand is the rate of new household formation, which has been well below trend in recent years, leading to persistent weakness in the housing market. This paper studies the determinants of household formation inContinue Reading

The History of Cyclical Macroprudential Policy in the United States

The History of Cyclical Macroprudential Policy in the United States, Douglas J. Elliott, Greg Feldberg, and Andreas Lehnert. 2013-29. May 15, 2013 “Since the financial crisis of 2007-2009, policymakers have debated the need for a new toolkit of cyclical “macroprudential” policies to constrain the build-up of risks in financial markets, for example, by dampening credit-fueledContinue Reading

Internet Domain Names: Background and Policy Issues

CRS – Internet Domain Names: Background and Policy Issues. Lennard G. Kruger, Specialist in Science and Technology Policy. January 3, 2013 “Navigating the Internet requires using addresses and corresponding names that identify the location of individual computers. The Domain Name System (DNS) is the distributed set of databases residing in computers around the world thatContinue Reading

Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress

CRS – Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress. Lennard G. Kruger, Specialist in Science and Technology Policy. January 2, 2013 “The Internet is often described as a “network of networks” because it is not a single physical entity, but hundreds of thousands of interconnected networks linking hundreds of millions of computersContinue Reading

FTC Commissioner Warns of International Threats to Internet Freedom

Via WSJ, this commentary by FTC Commission Robert K. McDowell: “On Feb. 27, a diplomatic process will begin in Geneva that could result in a new treaty giving the United Nations unprecedented powers over the Internet. Dozens of countries, including Russia and China, are pushing hard to reach this goal by year’s end. As RussianContinue Reading

Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress

Internet Governance and the Domain Name System: Issues for Congress. Lennard G. Kruger, Specialist in Science and Technology Policy, February 9, 2012 “Currently, an important aspect of the Internet is governed by a private sector, international organization called the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which manages and oversees some of the criticalContinue Reading