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Category Archives: Education

USDA Announces Additional Efforts to Make School Environments Healthier

USDA news release: “Today, the Obama Administration is announcing four final rules that implement important provisions of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) building on the progress schools across the country have already made in the improved nutritional quality of meals served in schools. As a key component of First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move! initiative to raise a healthier generation, the rules will ensure that children have access to healthy snacks and that nutrition standards for the foods marketed and served in schools are consistent. The rules will also promote integrity across the school meals programs…The Smart Snacks in School final rule aligns the nutritional quality of snacks sold to children during the school day with the science-based improvements made to school lunches and breakfasts over the last five years. These include using practical, science-based nutrition standards that ensure children are offered more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. States have the flexibility to allow limited exemptions to school-sponsored fundraisers during the school day. The Smart Snacks standards were implemented in the 2014 – 2015 school year in accordance with the interim final rule. This final rule makes modest improvements to those standards based on public comments and lessons learned from implementation. The Local School Wellness Policy final rule ensures that any food or beverage that is marketed on school campuses during the school day meets the Smart Snacks standards. According to a study by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 70 percent of elementary and middle school students are exposed to some kind of food/beverage marketing through school. Many of the foods and beverages that are heavily marketed to children contribute to poor diet quality, high calorie intake, and excess weight gain. However, the majority of schools do not have policies restricting food and beverage marketing to children. This rule makes sure foods offered and marketed to students during the school day have consistent nutrition standards. The Local School Wellness Policy final rule also empowers communities to take an active role in the health of their children. It requires schools to engage parents, students and community members in the annual development and assessment of local school wellness policies. These policies guide a school district’s efforts to establish school environments that support healthy eating and physical activity. States and local communities will have flexibility in developing a policy that works best for them. Also posted today were the Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) final rule and the Administrative Review final rule. Under HHFKA, CEP allows schools and local educational agencies with high poverty rates to provide free breakfast and lunch to all students to promote access to healthy food and reduce administrative burdens on schools and families. The final rule streamlines administrative processes, making it easier to participate in the meal programs. More than 18,000 schools in high poverty areas currently participate in CEP, which is now in its second year of nationwide implementation offering nutritious meals at no cost to 8.5 million students…”

Executive Compensation at Private and Public Colleges

Executive Compensation at Private and Public Colleges By Dan Bauman and Brian O’Leary. “The Chronicle’s executive-compensation package includes data on more than 1,200 chief executives at nearly 600 private colleges from 2008-13 and 250 public universities and systems from 2010-15. Updated in July, 2016, with 2014-15 public college data.” Continue Reading

Financial Capability in the United States 2016

FINRA Investor Education Foundation: “The U.S. economy has grown slowly but steadily over the six years since the first National Financial Capability Study (NFCS) was conducted in 2009. And in the three years since the 2012 NFCS, the private sector has added jobs at an average rate of about 200,000 per month. At the time… Continue Reading

Paper – decline in lifetime earnings mobility in the US

Working Paper 2016-05: Michael Carr and Emily Wiemers – Washington Center for Equitable Growth, The decline in lifetime earnings mobility in the U.S.: Evidence from survey-linked administrative data, May 3, 2016 “There is a sizable literature that examines whether intergenerational mobility has declined as inequality has increased. This literature is motivated by a desire to… Continue Reading

Research in the Crowdsourcing Age, a Case Study

How scholars, companies and workers are using Mechanical Turk, a ‘gig economy’ platform, for tasks computers can’t handle “Digital age platforms are providing researchers the ability to outsource portions of their work – not just to increasingly intelligent machines, but also to a relatively low-cost online labor force comprised of humans. These so-called “online outsourcing”… Continue Reading

Analysis of Print Purchase on Demand Titles Ordered via Interlibrary Loan: A Collection Development Perspective

The vendor, Taylor & Francis Online, is currently offering free access to this article: Analysis of Print Purchase on Demand Titles Ordered via Interlibrary Loan: A Collection Development Perspective – Collection Management, Volume 41, Issue 2, 2016 DOI: 10.1080/01462679.2016.1174653 Carol Kochan & Jennifer Duncan pages 51-65. “This article examines data from five years of titles… Continue Reading

Database of Places, Language, Culture and Environment

“About D-PLACE – the Database of Places, Language, Culture and Environment From the foods we eat, to who we can marry, to the types of games we teach our children, the diversity of cultural practices in the world is astounding. Yet, our ability to visualize and understand this diversity is often limited by the ways… Continue Reading

A Case Study of New York State’s Response to Extreme Weather Events

“Researchers from the Governor’s Office of Storm Recovery (GOSR) and the Rockefeller Institute of Government of the State University of New York (SUNY) have released a study evaluating New York State’s planning efforts to reduce the state’s vulnerability to future disasters. Such efforts form part of the state’s adaptations to climate change. The study analyzed… Continue Reading

Measuring the impact of digitized theses: a case study from the London School of Economics

Bennett, L. & Flanagan, D., (2016). Measuring the impact of digitized theses: a case study from the London School of Economics. Insights. 29(2), pp.111–119. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1629/uksg.300. Published 5 July 2016. “This study tests the assertion that the online dissemination of theses has a positive impact on the research profile of the institution and sets out… Continue Reading

GAO Report – Gun Control: Analyzing Available Data Could Help Improve Background Checks Involving Domestic Violence Records

Gun Control: Analyzing Available Data Could Help Improve Background Checks Involving Domestic Violence Records, GAO-16-483: Published: Jul 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2016. “Most of the 50 states submit domestic violence records—misdemeanor crime of domestic violence (MCDV) convictions and domestic violence protection orders—to the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for… Continue Reading

No U.S. History? How College History Departments Leave the United States out of the Major

Via American Council of Trustees and Alumni – “…ACTA’s new report, No U.S. History? How College History Departments Leave the United States out of the Major, reveals that less than 1/3 of the nations leading colleges and universities require students pursuing a degree in history to take a single course in American history. Only 23 undergraduate… Continue Reading

World Health Organization Fact Sheet on Depression

WHO Fact Sheet, April 2016: “Depression is a common illness worldwide, with an estimated 350 million people affected. Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition. It can cause the affected… Continue Reading