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Category Archives: Education

Mobility Report Cards: The Role of Colleges in Intergenerational Mobility

Mobility Report Cards: The Role of Colleges in Intergenerational Mobility. Raj Chetty, Stanford University and NBER; John N. Friedman, Brown University and NBER; Emmanuel Saez, UC-Berkeley and NBER; Nicholas Turner, US Treasury; Danny Yagan, UC-Berkeley and NBER. January 2017.

“We characterize rates of intergenerational income mobility at each college in the United States using administrative data for over 30 million college students from 1999-2013. We document four results. First, access to colleges varies greatly by parent income. For example, children whose parents are in the top 1% of the income distribution are 77 times more likely to attend an Ivy League college than those whose parents are in the bottom income quintile. Second, children from low and high-income families have very similar earnings outcomes conditional on the college they attend, indicating that there is little mismatch of low socioeconomic status students to selective colleges. Third, upward mobility rates – measured, for instance, by the fraction of students who come from families in the bottom income quintile and reach the top quintile – vary substantially across colleges. Much of this variation is driven by differences in the fraction of students from low-income families across colleges whose students have similar earnings outcomes. Mid-tier public universities such as the City University of New York and California State colleges tend to have the highest rates of bottom-to-top quintile mobility. Elite private colleges, such as Ivy League universities, have the highest rates of upper-tail (e.g., bottom quintile to top 1%) mobility. Finally, between the 1980 and 1991 birth cohorts, the fraction of students from bottom-quintile families fell sharply at colleges with high rates of bottom-to-top-quintile mobility, and did not change substantially at elite private institutions. Although our descriptive analysis does not identify colleges’ causal effects on students’ outcomes, the publicly available statistics constructed here highlight colleges that deserve further study as potential engines of upward mobility.”

A Comparison between the College Scorecard and Mobility Report Cards

Via Treasury – By: Adam Looney 1/19/2017 – “In 2015, the Department of Education launched the College Scorecard, a vast database of student outcomes at specific colleges and universities developed from a variety of administrative data sources. The Scorecard provides the most comprehensive and accurate information available on the post-enrollment outcomes of students, like whether… Continue Reading

Federal Open Licensing Playbook

“Federal agencies are increasingly using open licensing to expand the impact and reach of their work, enable innovative use of federally-funded materials, and ensure that publicly funded resources are available to the public. We note shared practices and considerations, common to the federal open licensing efforts thus far. This Playbook provides a practitioner’s guide to… Continue Reading

First-Ever Online Data Tool Allows City Leaders to Examine Health of Their Urban Populations

Pilot City Health Dashboard Launched by NYU School of Medicine’s Department of Population Health, NYU Wagner, the National Resource Network & the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation “Over 80 percent of the United States population lives in urban areas. Yet city leaders seeking to make health improvements have lacked a standardized tool to understand and benchmark… Continue Reading

The Online Atlas of Urban Expansion

“The Atlas of Urban Expansion, an open-source online resource with maps, satellite images, and data on spatial changes in cities around the world, has been revised and updated. The new database is a partnership of the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, UN-Habitat, and New York University, The Atlas of Urban Expansion now features a global… Continue Reading

Treepedia maps trees in cities throughout the world

Treepedia – Exploring the Green Canopy in cities around the world – Using the power of MIT digital research applications and Google Street view users may choose a city from the list included to date, and search by specific location(s) to identify the differences in green space within a city and in comparison to other… Continue Reading

Human Rights Watch World Report 2017

“In the 687-page World Report, its 27th edition, Human Rights Watch reviews human rights practices in more than 90 countries. In his introductory essay, Executive Director Kenneth Roth writes that a new generation of authoritarian populists seeks to overturn the concept of human rights protections, treating rights not as an essential check on official power… Continue Reading

Modern Slavery Statistics: Victims Significantly Outweigh Convictions

Modern Slavery Statistics: What We Know and What We Don’t By Meggie Weiler “Last year the Washington Post Fact Checker series investigated several widely used statistics that anti-trafficking advocates often cite, including UNICEF’s estimated numbers of child soldiers. It found that UNICEF and other organizations were using heavily estimated and outdated figures. Human trafficking is… Continue Reading

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

“The King Library and Archives in Atlanta is the largest repository of primary source materials on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the American Civil Rights Movement in the world. The collection consists of the papers of Dr. King and those of the organization he co-founded, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, as well as the… Continue Reading

Commentary – Why Public Libraries Matter

Why Public Libraries Matter – It’s time for America to stop starving its libraries of funding. By Katrina vanden Heuvel “There are more public libraries in America—some 9,000 central buildings and 7,500 branch locations—than McDonald’s restaurants, making them one of the most ubiquitous institutions in the nation. Far from serving as obsolescent repositories for dead… Continue Reading

Consumers Could Benefit from Improvements to Nursing Home Compare Website and Five-Star Quality Rating System

Nursing Homes: Consumers Could Benefit from Improvements to the Nursing Home Compare Website and Five-Star Quality Rating System, GAO-17-61: Published: Nov 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2016. “Millions of Americans are cared for in nursing homes each year, and that number is expected to increase as baby boomers age. So how do you choose… Continue Reading

Strengthening Networks, Sparking Change: Museums and Libraries as Community Catalysts

“Strengthening Networks, Sparking Change: Museums and Libraries as Community Catalysts combines findings from a literature scan and input from the library, museum and community revitalization fields with case studies about the experiences and vision of museums and libraries working to spur change in their communities. It describes the complementary conceptual frameworks of social wellbeing and… Continue Reading