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Category Archives: Education

The Global Gender Gap Report 2016

“The Global Gender Gap Index was first introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006 as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress over time. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, education, health and political criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups. The rankings are designed to create global awareness of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps. Last year’s edition marked the 10th anniversary of the Index and examined the changing patterns of gender-based inequities around the world over a full decade’s worth of data. This year’s 11th edition continues to build on the well-established strengths of the Report while adapting a number of elements—namely, the Index’s threshold for calculating gender gaps in estimated earned income, the Report’s regional classification, and visualization of results—to evolve the Global Gender Gap Index for its second decade. The first part of this chapter reviews the underlying concepts employed in creating the Global Gender Gap Index and outlines the methods used to calculate it. The second part presents the 2016 rankings, overall trends, regional performance and notable country cases. It also provides information on progress over time and progress within income groups. Next, the Report lays out the economic case for gender parity, with a focus on the growing evidence of inter-linkages between gender gaps and the future economic prospects and resilience of industries and countries. The fourth part of this chapter takes a deeper look at gender parity as a key element of human capital in countries all throughout the world, examining global patterns, contextual factors, rates of change and proposals to prepare for the future. The Country Profiles contained in Part 2 of this Report give a more detailed picture of the relative strengths and weaknesses of each country’s performance compared with that of other nations and relative to its own past performance. The first page of each profile contains key demographic and economic indicators as well as detailed information on the country’s performance in both 2016 and in the year in which it was first featured in the Report. The second page of the Country Profiles highlights more than 70 gender-related indicators that provide a fuller context for the country’s performance. These indicators include information on workforce participation, economic leadership, access to assets and technology, political leadership, family, the care economy, education and skills, and health-related factors.”

Finding the Public Domain – The Copyright Review Management System

Issue Brief – Finding the Public Domain – The Copyright Review Management System, Melissa Levine, Lead Copyright Officer, University of Michigan, Ithaka S+R. October 26, 2016. “The public domain is the ultimate open access. It is key to the bargain of copyright. Rather simplistically, in order to incentivize authors to produce works, the public, through… Continue Reading

MIT Libraries launch “Public Access QuickSubmit”

“The Libraries has launched a “quicksubmit” web form to help MIT authors comply with research funder public access requirements for articles. We built the form in response to the Department of Energy’s public access plan, released in 2014, which requires researchers to submit accepted manuscripts reporting on DOE-funded work to an open access repository like… Continue Reading

What to Do When You Suspect a Data Breach: FTC Issues Video and Guide for Businesses

“If your business has experienced a data breach, you are probably wondering what to do next. The Federal Trade Commission’s new Data Breach Response: A Guide for Business, an accompanying video and business blog can help you figure out what steps to take and whom to contact. Among the key steps are securing physical areas,… Continue Reading

Commentary – Why we still need to keep books in our campus libraries

Ann E. Michael is writing coordinator at DeSales University, and a poet. She blogs on poetry, nature, philosophy — and sometimes libraries — at “..Like many avid readers, I’ve been engaging with texts since I teethed on my first book of nursery rhymes. So I admit to a strong bias toward the presence of… Continue Reading

New on LLRX – Are you using a cell phone for s-l-o-w reading? And how about other reading?

Via – Are you using a cell phone for s-l-o-w reading? And how about other reading?  – David Rothman addresses an often overlook paradigm shift – using a smartphone for slow reading. You almost always have your smartphone with you. And with an estimated 190 million smartphone users in the US, Rothman posits that… Continue Reading

Authors Alliance and Internet Archive Team Up to Make Books Available

Internet Archive Blog, Michael Wolfe, Executive Director, Authors Alliance – “To write a book takes time, effort, more often than not, love. Happily, books are built to last, and with the proper stewardship remain relevant, provide insight and information, or entertain for generations. So why is it that, when the internet provides more avenues than… Continue Reading

Brookings – Black-white disparity in student loan debt more than triples after graduation

Brookings – “The moment they earn their bachelor’s degrees, black college graduates owe $7,400 more on average than their white peers ($23,400 versus $16,000, including non-borrowers in the averages). But over the next few years, the black-white debt gap more than triples to a whopping $25,000. Differences in interest accrual and graduate school borrowing lead… Continue Reading

School Enrollment in the United States: 2015

“The updated tables provide information by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, family income, type of college, employment status, nativity, foreign-born parentage, attendance status (full or part time), type of school (public or private) and vocational course enrollment. They also delve into topics such as nursery school and kindergarten enrollment, the likelihood of enrollment in a… Continue Reading

The Stanford Ocean Acidification Experience

Virtual Human Interaction Lab: “This experience is free to download and can be viewed on the HTC Vive. There are two ways to download: Steam:; Viveport: “Most people have never heard of ocean acidification—the process by which the ocean becomes more acidic as it absorbs carbon dioxide (CO2) that has been emitted into the… Continue Reading

Rutgers library announces new incentive to reduce textbook costs

This video report highlights the consistently increasing costs of text books in both print and e-format and the struggles of many students to to fund their purchase. Continue Reading

Report – Investing in Urban Resilience

World Bank – “Natural disasters – such as Hurricane Matthew – and climate change are having devastating effects on cities and the 4 billion people who live in them today.  By 2030, without significant investment into making cities more resilient, natural disasters may cost cities worldwide $314 billion each year, up from around $250 billion… Continue Reading