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Category Archives: Government Documents

Overcoming Barriers to Data Sharing in Public Health A Global Perspective

•”The interaction between barriers to data sharing in public health is complex, and single solutions to single barriers are unlikely to be successful. Political, economic and legal obstacles will be the most challenging to overcome.

•Public health data sharing occurs extensively as a collection of subregional and regional surveillance networks. These existing networks have often arisen as a consequence of a specific local public health crisis, and should be integrated into any global framework.
•Data sharing in public health is successful when a perceived need is addressed, and the social, political and cultural context is taken into account.
•A global data sharing legal framework is unlikely to be successful. A global data governance or ethical framework, supplemented by local memoranda of understanding that take into account the local context, is more likely to succeed.
•The International Health Regulations (IHR) should be considered as an infrastructure for data sharing. However, their lack of enforcement mechanism, lack of minimum data sets, lack of capacity assessment mechanism, and potential impact on trade and travel following data sharing need to be addressed.
• Optimal data sharing does not equate with open access for public health data.”

NOAA Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide – All Time High

“The graph shows recent monthly mean carbon dioxide globally averaged over marine surface sites. The Global Monitoring Division of NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory has measured carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases for several decades at a globally distributed network of air sampling sites [Conway, 1994]. A global average is constructed by first fitting a smoothedContinue Reading

GAO – Missile Defense – Opportunities Exist to Reduce Acquisition Risk and Improve Reporting on System Capabilities

Missile Defense: Opportunities Exist to Reduce Acquisition Risk and Improve Reporting on System Capabilities, GAO-15-345: Published: May 6, 2015. Publicly Released: May 6, 2015. “In fiscal year 2014, the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) made some progress in achieving its testing and delivery goals for individual elements of the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS), but wasContinue Reading

EIA’s CBECS – nation’s only comprehensive survey of commercial buildings

“The U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is the only nationally representative source of statistical information on energy-related characteristics, consumption, and expenditures for the nation’s 5.6 million commercial buildings totaling 87 billion square feet of floor space. Building characteristics information from the 2012 survey is being released in stages through theContinue Reading

CRS – An Introduction to Health Insurance: What Should a Consumer Know?

An Introduction to Health Insurance: What Should a Consumer Know? Carol Rapaport, Analyst in Health Care Financing. April 30, 2015. “Congress has seen a renewed interest in the market for private health insurance since the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA; P.L. 111-148, as amended). This report provides an overview ofContinue Reading

CRS – Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations, Christopher M. Blanchard, Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs. April 29, 2015. “The kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ruled by the Al Saud family since its founding in 1932, wields significant global political and economic influence through its administration of the birthplace of the Islamic faith and by virtue of itsContinue Reading

Defense Acquisitions: How and Where DOD Spends Its Contracting Dollar

CRS Report – Defense Acquisitions: How and Where DOD Spends Its Contracting Dollars. Moshe Schwartz, Specialist in Defense Acquisition; Wendy Ginsberg, Analyst in American National Government, John F. Sargent Jr.Specialist in Science and Technology Policy. April 30, 2015. “The Department of Defense (DOD) has long relied on contractors to provide the U.S. military with aContinue Reading

U.S. Climate Change Policy

Directorate-General for Internal Policies (EU)  – U.S. Climate Change Policy – April 2015 “This document reviews and updates the previous 2013 report providing an overview of the climate change policy in the United States. Starting with the emissions trend it then make some general remarks about policy making in the U.S. before entering into concreteContinue Reading

The Dark Side of Disclosure: Evidence of Government Expropriation from Worldwide Firms

Liu, Tingting and Ullah, Barkat and Wei, Zuobao and Xu, Lixin Colin, The Dark Side of Disclosure: Evidence of Government Expropriation from Worldwide Firms (May 4, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7254. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2602586 “This paper studies the effects of voluntary accounting information disclosure through auditing on firmContinue Reading

A New Federal Guide to Infrastructure Planning and Design

“Today, the White House is convening the nation’s leading thinkers on infrastructure planning and design to highlight how projects like new roads and transit lines can be designed to foster economic opportunity and increase resilience to the impacts of climate change. To help communities seeking to expand their pipelines of well-designed projects, the Administration isContinue Reading

2013 ZIP Code Business Patterns

“ZIP Code Business Patterns provides data on the number of business establishments by employment-size class for detailed industries. Statistics are provided for about 40,000 ZIP codes nationwide and include the total number of establishments, employment and payroll for more than 40,000 five-digit ZIP code areas nationwide. In addition, the number of establishments for nine employment-sizeContinue Reading

IRS IG – Billions of Dollars in Potentially Erroneous Education Credits Continue to Be Claimed for Ineligible Students and Institutions

Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration – Billions of Dollars in Potentially Erroneous Education Credits Continue to Be Claimed for Ineligible Students and Institutions, March 27, 2015. Reference Number: 2015-40-027. “The IRS still does not have effective processes to identify erroneous claims for education credits. Although the IRS has taken steps to address some ofContinue Reading