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Category Archives: Government Documents

USGS Increases Public Access to Scientific Research

News release:  “The U.S. Geological Survey is implementing new measures that will improve public access to USGS-funded science as detailed in its new public access plan. The plan enables the USGS to expand  its current on-line gateways to provide free public access to scholarly research and supporting data produced in full or in part with USGS funding, no matter how it is published. The USGS plan  “Public Access to Results of Federally Funded Research at the U.S. Geological Survey: Scholarly Publications and Digital Data,” stipulates that, beginning October 1, the USGS will require that any research it funds be released from the publisher and  available free to the public no later than 12 months after initial publication. The USGS will also require that data used to support the findings be available free to the public when the associated study is published. The plan applies to research papers and data authored or co-authored by USGS, contract employees, award or grant recipients, partners and other entities. It includes materials published by any non-USGS entity, including scientific journals, professional society volumes, cooperating agency series, and university or commercial publishers. Exceptions are permitted only if the USGS agrees that a demonstrated circumstance restricts the data from public release, for example in rare cases where access must be restricted because of security, privacy, confidentiality, or other constraints. The plan responds to a February 2013 Office of Science and Technology Policy memorandum that directed federal agencies with annual research and development budgets above $100 million to increase public access to peer-reviewed scientific publications and digital data resulting from federally funded research. On January 8, OSTP approved the USGS plan. Specifically, this plan requires that an electronic copy of either the accepted manuscript or the final publication of record is available through the USGS Publications Warehouse. Digital data will be available in machine readable form from the USGS Science Data Catalog. The plan will require the inclusion of data management plans in all new research proposals and grants.”

The Flash Crash: A New Deconstruction

Aldrich, Eric M. and Grundfest, Joseph and Laughlin, Gregory, The Flash Crash: A New Deconstruction (January 25, 2016). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2721922 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2721922 “On May 6, 2010, in the span of a mere four and half minutes, the Dow Jones Industrial Average lost approximately 1,000 points. In the following fifteen minutes it recovered essentiallyContinue Reading

Federal Employees Health Benefits Program: An Overview

CRS – Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program: An Overview. Kirstin B. Blom, Analyst in Health Care Financing; Ada S. Cornell, Senior Research Librarian. February 3, 2016. “The Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Program provides health insurance to federal employees, retirees, and their dependents. This report provides a general overview of FEHB. It describes theContinue Reading

CRS – What Does the Gig Economy Mean for Workers?

What Does the Gig Economy Mean for Workers? Sarah A. Donovan, Analyst in Labor Policy; David H. Bradley, Specialist in Labor Economics; Jon O. Shimabukuro; Legislative Attorney. February 5, 2016. “The gig economy is the collection of markets that match providers to consumers on a gig (or job) basis in support of on-demand commerce. InContinue Reading

Personal Income Shows Broad but Uneven Economic Recovery

Pew Charitable Trusts – “In a sign that the U.S. economic recovery is widespread, personal income in all states is back above levels seen at the Great Recession’s onset. But growth has varied among states, ranging from a constant annual rate of less than 1 percent in Nevada to more than 5 percent in NorthContinue Reading

NY Fed – Survey of Consumer Expectations February 2016

“The New York Fed’s Survey of Consumer Expectations (SCE) provides timely and comprehensive information about consumer expectations through three broad categories: inflation, labor market and household finance. The SCE contains monthly insight about how consumers expect overall inflation and prices for food, gas, housing, education and medical care to change over time. It also providesContinue Reading

Additional Economic Census Subject Series Reports

“The Census Bureau today released three additional reports from its 2012 Economic Census Subject Series. The first, Retail Trade — Establishment and Firm Size, presents sales, payroll and employment data for the United States by various categories. For establishments, the categories are sales size, employment size and legal form of organization. For firms, the categories are sales size, employment size, concentrationContinue Reading

Paper – Food Insecurity, Health, and Health Care

Hilary Seligman MD MAS, January 24, 2016. Lead Scientist and Senior Medical Advisor, Feeding America; Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco; Director, Food Policy, Health, and Hunger Research Program, UCSF’s Center for Vulnerable Populations at San Francisco General Hospital Food Insecurity, Health, and Health Care. “Summary – ThisContinue Reading

Audited Financial Reporting and Voluntary Disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility Reports

Chen, Long and Srinidhi, Bin and Tsang, Albert and Yu, Wei, Audited Financial Reporting and Voluntary Disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Reports (February 5, 2016). Journal of Management Accounting Research, Forthcoming. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2728587 “Prior studies show that corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting is informative to investors but lacks credibility. ThisContinue Reading

FDA Guidance – Postmarket Management of Cybersecurity in Medical Devices

Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff – Postmarket Management of  Cybersecurity in Medical Devices – This guidance document is being distributed for comment purposes only. Document issued on: January 22, 2016. “FDA is issuing this guidance to inform industry and FDA staff of the Agency’s recommendations for managing postmarket cybersecurity vulnerabilitiesContinue Reading

OPM to issue new requirements for personnel background investigations by contractors

Via Nextgov: “Contractors that conduct background investigations for the federal government will have to report information security incidents to the Office of Personnel Management within half an hour, are required to use smartcards as a second layer of security when logging on to agency networks and must agree to let OPM inspect their systems atContinue Reading

The Resilient State: New Regulatory Modes in International Approaches to Statebuilding?

Pospisil, Jan and Kuehn, Florian P, The Resilient State: New Regulatory Modes in International Approaches to Statebuilding? (February 4, 2016). Third World Quarterly, January 2016, DOI: dx.doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2015.1086637; Edinburgh School of Law Research Paper No 2016/03. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2727994 “Resilience’ has quickly risen to prominence in international security and development circles. In recentContinue Reading