Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: Government Documents

Climate-Driven Water Scarcity Could Hit Economic Growth by Up to 6 Percent in Some Regions

“Water scarcity, exacerbated by climate change, could cost some regions up to 6 percent of their GDP, spur migration, and spark conflict, according to a new World Bank report released today. High and Dry: Climate Change, Water and the Economy, says the combined effects of growing populations, rising incomes, and expanding cities will see demand for water rising exponentially, while supply becomes more erratic and uncertain. Unless action is taken soon, the report says, water will become scarce in regions where it is currently abundant – such as Central Africa and East Asia – and scarcity will greatly worsen in regions where water is already in short supply – such as the Middle East and the Sahel in Africa. These regions could see their growth rates decline by as much as 6 percent of GDP by 2050 due to water related impacts on agriculture, health, and incomes. The report also warns that reduced freshwater availability and competition from other uses – such as energy and agriculture – could reduce water availability in cities by as much as two thirds by 2050, compared to 2015 levels. Water insecurity could multiply the risk of conflict, the report adds. Food price spikes caused by droughts can inflame latent conflicts and drive migration. Where economic growth is impacted by rainfall, episodes of droughts and floods have generated waves of migration and spikes in violence within countries, it says…”

Federal Reserve Board proposes rule to support U.S. financial stability by enhancing the resolvability of very large and complex financial firms

“The Federal Reserve Board on Tuesday proposed a rule [May 3, 2016] to support U.S. financial stability by enhancing the resolvability of very large and complex financial firms.  The proposal would require U.S. global systemically important banking institutions (GSIBs) and the U.S. operations of foreign GSIBs to amend contracts for common financial transactions to preventContinue Reading

Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer

CRS report via FAS – Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer, John J. Topoleski, Analyst in Income Security. April 27, 2016. “In response to concerns over the adequacy of retirement savings, Congress has created incentives to encourage individuals to save more for retirement through a variety of retirement plans. Some retirement plansContinue Reading

Ineffective Inspection, Maintenance Practices, Oversight Led to Washington Metrorail Fatal Accident

NTSB news release: “A short circuit on Washington’s Metrorail system that caused thick smoke to fill a stranded train, killing one passenger and injuring 91 people on Jan. 12, 2015, was the result of WMATA failing to follow its own safety procedures and inadequate safety oversight by the Tri-State Oversight Committee and the Federal TransitContinue Reading

Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2015 presented to President Obama

Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2015 – “This bill amends the federal criminal code to create a private civil cause of action for trade secret misappropriation. Specifically, the bill authorizes a trade secret owner to file a civil action in a U.S. district court seeking relief for trade secret misappropriation related to a product orContinue Reading

Greenpeace Netherlands Releases TTIP Documents

Via Greenpeace – Annie Leonard. May 2, 2016: “Greenpeace Netherlands released to the public secret documents from the United States’ current trade negotiations with the European Union. The deal is called the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP for short) and once it’s agreed upon it will govern the U.S.-European economic relationship for years. YouContinue Reading

POGO – CIA Watchdog Finds Abuses in Use of Independent Contractors

Via POGO: “The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) broke the law in its use of independent contractors, according to a four-year-old internal review that was declassified and approved for public release in March. The contents of the June 2012 CIA Inspector General (IG) audit report were revealed last week by VICE News reporter Jason Leopold. TheContinue Reading

NYFed – What’s Up with GCF Repo

Liberty Street Economics – What’s Up with GCF Repo®? Jacob Adenbaum, David Hubbs, Antoine Martin, and Ira Selig “In a recent Important Notice, the Fixed Income Clearing Corporation (FICC) announced that it would no longer support interbank trading for its General Collateral Finance Repo Service. (GCF Repo®, hereafter GCF Repo, is a registered service markContinue Reading

New on LLRX – Evolutions in DNA Forensics

Via LLRX.com – Evolutions in DNA Forensics – Criminal law expert Ken Strutin’s new article is yet another research tour de force – a collection of recent and notable developments concerning DNA as forensic science, metric of guilt, herald of innocence, and its emerging place in the debate over privacy and surveillance. The increasing useContinue Reading

UN-Habitat Urban Data Portal

UN-Habitat Urban Data – Free and open access to data about countries and cities around the globe. “The urban indicators data available here are analyzed, compiled and published by UN-Habitat’s Global Urban Observatory which supports governments, local authorities and civil society organizations to develop urban indicators, data and statistics. Urban statistics are collected through householdContinue Reading

2017–2022 Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Proposed Program

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management: 2017–2022 Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Proposed Program – “The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) is responsible for administering the leasing program for oil and gas resources on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) and developing a five-year schedule of lease sales designed toContinue Reading

USDA Organic Survey 2014

“The 2014 Organic Survey is a Census Special Study conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) in conjunction with USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA). This is the third organic production and practices survey NASS has conducted on the national level; the previous data collection efforts were the 2011 CertifiedContinue Reading