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Category Archives: Government Documents

CRS – Federal Reserve: Legislation in the 114th Congress

Federal Reserve: Legislation in the 114th Congress, Marc Labonte, Specialist in Macroeconomic Policy. May 19, 2016. “The Federal Reserve (Fed) is the subject of legislation being considered in the 114th Congress. These bills contain wide-ranging provisions that can be grouped into four broad categories: Changes to Fed governance. Some proposals would change the Fed’s institutionalContinue Reading

How Effective Are Macroprudential Policies? An Empirical Investigation

Liberty Street Economics – NY Fed: “Macroprudential policy tools include caps on loan-to-value (LTV) ratios for housing loans, caps on debt service-to-income (DSTI) ratios, and quantitative limits on mortgages. Other tools include time-varying capital requirements (CR), loan loss provisioning (LP), consumer loan limits, and credit growth ceilings. Note that CRs are often implemented by adjustingContinue Reading

The Disappearing West

“Every 2.5 minutes, the American West loses a football field worth of natural area to human development. This project maps a rapidly changing landscape, explores what is being lost, and profiles a new movement for conservation that is gaining ground… How fast is the United States losing natural areas in the West and—importantly—why? This projectContinue Reading

Reining in the Big Promise of Big Data: Transparency, Inequality, and New Regulatory Frontiers

Hacker, Philipp and Petkova, Bilyana, Reining in the Big Promise of Big Data: Transparency, Inequality, and New Regulatory Frontiers (May 2, 2016). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2773527 “The growing differentiation of services based on Big Data harbors the potential for both greater societal inequality and for greater equality. Anti-discrimination law and transparency alone, however,Continue Reading

TPP Study Projects Worsening Trade Balances for 16 of 25 U.S. Economic Sectors, Overall U.S. Trade Deficit Increase

“The U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) released its report [May 18, 2016] assessing the likely impact of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement that the President has entered into with Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam. The USITC’s report, Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: Likely Impact on the U.S. EconomyContinue Reading

Raisins and Resilience: Elaborating Home’s Compensation Analysis with an Eye to Coastal Climate Change Adaptation

Galperin, Josh, Raisins and Resilience: Elaborating Home’s Compensation Analysis with an Eye to Coastal Climate Change Adaptation (February 1, 2016). Stanford Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2016. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2781970 “The State of New Jersey, the Borough of Harvey Cedars, and the United States Army Corps of Engineers were all preparing forContinue Reading

The Guardian – How the Pentagon punished NSA whistleblowers

Mark Hertsgaard – The Guardian – “By now, almost everyone knows what Edward Snowden did. He leaked top-secret documents revealing that the National Security Agency was spying on hundreds of millions of people across the world, collecting the phone calls and emails of virtually everyone on Earth who used a mobile phone or the internet.Continue Reading

GAO Reports – Managing for Results, Food Safety, Higher Education, IRS Internal Controls, Electromagnetic Risks, K-12 Education, National Drug Control Policy, Polar Weather Satellites

Managing for Results: OMB Improved Implementation of Cross-Agency Priority Goals, But Could Be More Transparent About Measuring Progress, GAO-16-509: Published: May 20, 2016. Publicly Released: May 20, 2016. Food Safety: FDA Coordinating with Stakeholders on New Rules but Challenges Remain and Greater Tribal Consultation Needed, GAO-16-425: Published: May 19, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016.Continue Reading

GAO Report – Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited, GAO-16-485: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016. “U.S. and United Nations (UN) studies since 2010 have identified a variety of factors contributing to the persistence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In many communities where FGM/C is prevalent, FGM/C isContinue Reading

GAO Report – Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Implementing Reform Law

Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Implementing Reform Law,GAO-16-672T: Published: May 18, 2016. Publicly Released: May 18, 2016. “The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agencies have taken steps to improve federal information technology (IT) through a series of initiatives; however, additional actions are needed. Consolidating data centers. InContinue Reading

FDA modernizes Nutrition Facts label for packaged foods

[May 20, 2016], “the U.S. Food and Drug Administration took a major step in making sure consumers have updated nutritional information for most packaged foods sold in the United States, that will help people make informed decisions about the foods they eat and feed their families. Key Updates The new Nutrition Facts label will includeContinue Reading

FAA Releases Drone Registration Location Data

“The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) posted [May 18, 2016] a large database showing the city, state and zip code of each registered drone owner. Release of the database responds to a number of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests submitted since the new unmanned aircraft registration system began operating on December 21, 2015. The FAAContinue Reading