Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: HIV/AIDS

How Many Adults Identify as Transgender in the US?

The Williams Institute, June 2016: “Population-based surveys, meaning those that are designed to allow researchers to generalize findings to the population, rarely ask questions to identify transgender people and, therefore, cannot be used to provide estimates of the size and characteristics of the transgender population. The federal government administers several large, national population-based surveys like the American Community Survey and the National Health Interview Survey that track the demographics, health and well-being of U.S. residents. Unfortunately, these surveys do not currently measure gender identity. However, there are several state-level population-based surveys that identify transgender respondents and can be used to estimate the size and characteristics of the transgender population. In 2011, Gary J. Gates utilized two state-level population-based surveys that collected data from 2003 in California and from 2007 and 2009 in Massachusetts to estimate that 0.3% of the U.S. adult population, roughly 700,000 adults, identified as transgender. Since then, more state-level data sources have emerged that allow us to utilize an estimation procedure that would not have been possible with the limited data available in 2011. Compared to the data used in Gates’ study, these new data sources provide more recent data (2014), larger sample sizes, and more detailed information about respondents. This allows for the development of more recent, detailed, and statistically robust estimates of the percentage and number of adults in the United States who identify as transgender. This report utilizes data from the CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimate the percentage and number of adults who identify as transgender nationally and in all 50 states. We find that 0.6% of U.S. adults identify as transgender. This figure is double the estimate that utilized data from roughly a decade ago and implies that an estimated 1.4 million adults in the U.S. identify as transgender. State-level estimates of adults who identify as transgender range from 0.3% in North Dakota to 0.8% in Hawaii. In addition, due to current state-level policy debates that specifically target and affect transgender students, we provide estimates of the number of adults who identify as transgender by age. The youngest age group, 18 to 24 year olds, is more likely than older age groups to identify as transgender.”

Annual Update for HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base in Its 30th Year

“This annual update of the interactive global resource on the prevalence of HIV infection and AIDS cases and deaths coincides with the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa. First developed in 1987, this marks 30 years of database releases. The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base is a compilation of information from widely scattered small-scale… Continue Reading

JAMA – HIV Awareness and Testing, 2013 AND 2014

“This Visualizing Health Policy infographic (no fee) provides a snapshot of HIV-related awareness and experiences among adults in the United States and 2 demographic groups that make up a disproportionate share of people with HIV: black adults and gay and bisexual men. In 2014, 4 in 10 black adults, and more than half of gay… Continue Reading

Mortality spikes among white women 25-55 in center of US

Via Washington Post: “White women between 25 and 55 have been dying at accelerating rates over the past decade, a spike in mortality not seen since the AIDS epidemic in the early 1980s. According to recent studies of death certificates, the trend is worse for women in the center of the United States, worse still… Continue Reading

New research corrects the history of HIV epidemic in America

‘Patient Zero’ no more, Jon Cohen, Science  04 Mar 2016: Vol. 351, Issue 6277, pp. 1013 DOI: 10.1126/science.351.6277.1013 “A new genetic study of HIV isolated from blood samples taken in the late 1970s clarifies where and when the epidemic began in the United States—and it does not involve a man infamously labeled as “Patient Zero.”… Continue Reading

The U.S. Congress and Global Health: A Primer

Kaiser Family Foundation – “The U.S. Congress, the legislative body of the U.S. government (USG), plays an important role in determining and shaping the government’s global health policy and programs. Although only one of many USG entities involved in global health, its engagement has been particularly notable over the last 15 years, which have been… Continue Reading

WONDER online databases utilize a rich ad-hoc query system for the analysis of public health data

CDC WONDER: Information and Communication – “Welcome to CDC WONDER — Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research — an easy-to-use, menu-driven system that makes the information resources of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) available to public health professionals and the public at large. It provides access to a wide array of public… Continue Reading

The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Kaiser Family Foundation – “HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome has become one of the world’s most serious health and development challenges. The first cases were reported in 1981 and today. There are approximately 36.9 million people currently living with HIV and tens of millions of people have died of AIDS-related causes… Continue Reading

CDC – Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV

CDC Vital Signs, November 24, 2015 – “Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medicine taken daily that can be used to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is for people without HIV who are at very high risk for getting it from sex or injection drug use. People at high risk who should be offered PrEP include about… Continue Reading

Drug Offenders in Federal Prisons: Estimates of Characteristics Based on Linked Data

“More than half (54 percent) of drug offenders in federal custody at yearend 2012 were serving sentences for powder or crack cocaine, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) reported in a study released today. Methamphetamine offenders (24 percent) accounted for the next largest share of drug offenders, followed by marijuana (12 percent) and heroin (6… Continue Reading

Swedish crime writer best known for his Kurt Wallander books, dedicated political activist

The Guardian – Henning Mankell obituary “Henning Mankell, who has died aged 67, after being diagnosed with cancer last year, established almost single-handedly the global picture of Sweden as a crime writer’s ideal dystopia. He took the existing Swedish tradition of crime writing as a form of leftwing social criticism and gave it international recognition,… Continue Reading

HIV/AIDS Database Update

“The U.S. Census Bureau’s HIV/AIDS database has been updated to include new data for more than 120 nations. It is a compilation of data from 219 countries and areas on the prevalence of HIV infection and AIDS cases and deaths. Major updates include new data for China, Nigeria, India, South Africa, and Namibia. The database focuses on HIV/AIDS… Continue Reading