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Category Archives: Legal Research

New GAO Reports – Environmental Litigation, Iranian Commercial Activities Update

Environmental Litigation: Impact of Deadline Suits on EPA’s Rulemaking Is Limited, GAO-15-34: Published: Dec 15, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2015. Iranian Commercial Activities Update: Foreign Firms Reported to Have Engaged in Iran’s Energy or Communications Sectors, GAO-15-258R: Published: Jan 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2015.

The Growth of Incarceration in the United States

Jeremy Travis, Bruce Western, and Steve Redburn, Editors; Committee on Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration; Committee on Law and Justice; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; National Research Council. 2014. “After decades of stability from the 1920s to the early 1970s, the rate of imprisonment in the United States moreContinue Reading

The Board Should Enhance Its Supervisory Processes as a Result of Lessons Learned From Federal Reserve’s Supervision of JPMorgan Chase Chief Investment Office

Summary – The Board Should Enhance Its Supervisory Processes as a Result of Lessons Learned From the Federal Reserve’s Supervision of JPMorgan Chase & Company’s Chief Investment Office: “In May 2012, media outlets reported that JPMorgan Chase & Company’s (JPMC) Chief Investment Office (CIO) incurred approximately $2 billion in losses due to a complex tradingContinue Reading

Definitions of “Inherently Governmental Function” in Federal Procurement Law and Guidance

Definitions of “Inherently Governmental Function” in Federal Procurement Law and Guidance. Kate M. Manuel, Legislative Attorney. December 23, 2014. “Functions that federal law and policy require to be performed by government personnel, not contractor employees, are known as “inherently governmental functions.” Such functions have been a topic of interest in recent Congresses, in part, because of questions about sourcing policy (i.e., whether specificContinue Reading

Open Payments Explorer – How Much Industry Money Goes to Doctors and Teaching Hospitals

Lena Groeger, Ryann Grochowski Jones, Charles Ornstein and Mike Tigas, ProPublica, Jan. 7, 2015 “Beginning in 2014, the federal government mandated that pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers publicly report payments made to doctors and teaching hospitals. The first report covered the last five months of 2013. Use this tool to search for a company, drugContinue Reading

ABA – 100 Years of Law

“It goes without saying that the world was a vastly different place in 1915 than it is today. But while the events of that year now carry the echoes of history, they also predicted some of the upheaval of the coming century. A year earlier, the outbreak of war in Europe, which quickly spread to theContinue Reading

POGO – Foreign Influence Database

“POGO’s Foreign Influence Database is based on informational materials filed by lobbying and public relations firms working on behalf of foreign entities in the U.S. The Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) requires advocates representing foreign interests to register with the Department of Justice and to file within 48 hours any informational materials disseminated to twoContinue Reading

EPIC Urges Congress to Hold Hearing on FBI Database

“In a letter to Senators Grassley and Leahy, EPIC has urged the Senate Judiciary Committee to investigate the FBI’s “Next Generation Identification” program. NGI is the most extensive biometric database in the world and raises many privacy risks. In a recent FOIA case, EPIC v. FBI, EPIC obtained documents which show that the FBI acceptedContinue Reading

Close Call Database – A Community Project for Safer Cycling

“The cycling community seems to be witnessing an increase in the number of accidents involving motor vehicles. These accidents are often tragic for the cyclist, resulting in serious injury and death. Drivers that hit cyclists reportedly flee the scene of the accident 50% of the time. Even when they are apprehended they seldom face seriousContinue Reading

DOT Fines Honda $70 Million for Reporting Failures

“The U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced today that as a result of a NHTSA investigation, Honda will pay two $35 million civil penalties, for a total of $70 million, for failing to report deaths, injuries, and certain warranty claims to the federal government in violation of the TREAD Act. Continue Reading

The Political Question Doctrine: Justiciability and the Separation of Powers

CRS – The Political Question Doctrine: Justiciability and the Separation of Powers. Jared P. Cole, Legislative Attorney. December 23, 2014. “Article III of the Constitution restricts the jurisdiction of federal courts to deciding actual “Cases” and “Controversies.” The Supreme Court has articulated several “justiciability” doctrines emanating from Article III that restrict when federal courts will adjudicate disputes. One justiciability concept is the politicalContinue Reading

Human-Induced Earthquakes from Deep-Well Injection: A Brief Overview

CRS – Human-Induced Earthquakes from Deep-Well Injection: A Brief Overview. Peter Folger, Specialist in Energy and Natural Resources Policy; Mary Tiemann, Specialist in Environmental Policy. December 22, 2014. “The development of unconventional oil and natural gas resources using horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking) has created new demand for wastewater disposal wells that inject waste fluids into deep geologic strata. An increasingContinue Reading