Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: Legislation

NSA Civil Liberties and Privacy Office Report to Congress

NSA – Transparency Report – The USA FREEDOM Act Business Records and FISA Implementation – January 16, 2016 “The National Security Agency’s Civil Liberties and Privacy Office (CLPO) conducted a civil liberties and privacy impact assessment examining how the National Security Agency (NSA) is implementing the changes effected by the USA FREEDOM Act to theContinue Reading

CRS – Separation of Powers: An Overview

Separation of Powers: An Overview. Matthew E. Glassman, Analyst on the Congress. January 8, 2016. “Congress’s role and operation in national politics is fundamentally shaped by the design and structure of the governing institution in the Constitution. One of the key principles of the Constitution is separation of powers. The doctrine is rooted in aContinue Reading

CRS – Juvenile Justice Funding Trends

Juvenile Justice Funding Trends. Kristin Finklea, Specialist in Domestic Security. January 8, 2016. “Although juvenile justice has always been administered by the states, Congress has had significant influence in the area through funding for grant programs administered by the Department of Justice’s (DOJ’s) Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The Juvenile Justice andContinue Reading

US Complaint Against Volkswagen, Audi and Porsche for Alleged Clean Air Act Violations

“The Department of Justice, on behalf of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), [on January 4, 2016] filed a civil complaint in federal court in Detroit, Michigan, against Volkswagen AG, Audi AG, Volkswagen Group of America Inc., Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations LLC, Porsche AG and Porsche Cars North America Inc. (collectively referred to asContinue Reading

The Animal Welfare Act: Background and Selected Animal Welfare Legislation

CRS – The Animal Welfare Act: Background and Selected Animal Welfare Legislation, Tadlock Cowan, Analyst in Natural Resources and Rural Development. January 5, 2016. “In 1966, Congress passed the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (P.L. 89-54) to prevent pets from being stolen for sale to research laboratories, and to regulate the humane care and handling ofContinue Reading

Data Security and Breach Notification Legislation: Selected Legal Issues

CRS – Data Security and Breach Notification Legislation: Selected Legal Issues, Alissa M. Dolan, Legislative Attorney. December 28, 2015. “Recent data breaches at major U.S. retailers have placed a spotlight on concerns about the security of personal information stored in electronic form by corporations and other private entities. A data breach occurs when data containingContinue Reading

Sex Discrimination and the United States Supreme Court: Developments in the Law

CRS – Sex Discrimination and the United States Supreme Court: Developments in the Law, Jody Feder, Legislative Attorney. December 30, 2015. “In its sex discrimination decisions, the United States Supreme Court not only has defined the applicability of the equal protection guarantees of the Constitution and the nondiscriminatory policies of federal statutes, but also hasContinue Reading

FTC – Native Advertising: A Guide for Businesses

“Marketers and publishers are using innovative methods to create, format, and deliver digital advertising. One form is “native advertising,” content that bears a similarity to the news, feature articles, product reviews, entertainment, and other material that surrounds it online. But as native advertising evolves, are consumers able to differentiate advertising from other content? The FederalContinue Reading

GAO Report – Dodd-Frank Regulations: Impacts on Community Banks and SIFIs

Dodd-Frank Regulations: Impacts on Community Banks, Credit Unions and Systemically Important Institutions, GAO-16-169: Published: Dec 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 2015: “Federal financial agencies conducted required regulatory analyses for rules issued pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd-Frank Act) and also reported required coordination. These agencies also addressed keyContinue Reading

Report – Violations of Health Privacy Law Common Widespread and Unchecked

Research and reporting by ProPublica and NPR: “CVS is among hundreds of health providers nationwide that repeatedly violated the federal patient privacy law known as HIPAA between 2011 and 2014, a ProPublica analysis of federal data shows. Other well-known repeat offenders include the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Walgreens, Kaiser Permanente and Walmart. And yet,Continue Reading

H.R. 1321, the Microbead-Free Waters Act of 2015

On Monday, December 28, 2015, the President signed into law H.R. 1321, the “Microbead-Free Waters Act of 2015,” which prohibits the manufacture and introduction into interstate commerce of rinse-off cosmetics containing intentionally-added plastic microbeads.

Database comprising 191 million voter records made publicaly available

CSO Online – “The database contains a voter’s full name (first, middle, last), their home address, mailing address, a unique voter ID, state voter ID, gender, date of birth, date of registration, phone number, a yes/no field for if the number is on the national do-not-call list, political affiliation, and a detailed voting history sinceContinue Reading