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Category Archives: Medicine

The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Kaiser Family Foundation – “HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome has become one of the world’s most serious health and development challenges. The first cases were reported in 1981 and today.

  • There are approximately 36.9 million people currently living with HIV and tens of millions of people have died of AIDS-related causes since the beginning of the epidemic.
  • While new cases have been reported in all regions of the world, approximately 70% are in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Most people living with HIV or at risk for HIV do not have access to prevention, care, and treatment, and there is still no cure.
  • HIV primarily affects those in their most productive years; about 38% of new infections are among those under age 25.
  • HIV not only affects the health of individuals, it impacts households, communities, and the development and economic growth of nations. Many of the countries hardest hit by HIV also suffer from other infectious diseases, food insecurity, and other serious problems.
  • Despite these challenges, new global efforts have been mounted to address the epidemic, particularly in the last decade, and there are signs that the epidemic may be changing course. The number of people newly infected with HIV and the number of AIDS-related deaths have declined, contributing to the stabilization of the epidemic. In addition, the number of people with HIV receiving treatment has increased to 15.8 million as of June 2015, a 2.2 million increase since June 2014.”

GAO Reports – Aquatic Invasive Species, IRS Whistleblower Program, K-12 Education, Nursing Home Quality, Transportation Infrastructure

Aquatic Invasive Species: Additional Steps Could Help Measure Federal Progress in Achieving Strategic Goals, GAO-16-49: Published: Nov 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2015: “Aquatic invasive species—harmful, nonnative plants, animals, and microorganisms living in aquatic habitats—damage ecosystems or threaten commercial, agricultural, and recreational activities.” IRS Whistleblower Program: Billions Collected, but Timeliness and Communication Concerns MayContinue Reading

Batea – The clinical browser data mining project

November 17, 2015 – “DocGraph publicly released Batea, a browser extension that tracks clinical reference URLs visited by medical students when they study. Batea was built by DocGraph with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF). Medical students across the country are encouraged to download the Batea extension for use on their personal computers.Continue Reading

CDC – Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV

CDC Vital Signs, November 24, 2015 – “Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medicine taken daily that can be used to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is for people without HIV who are at very high risk for getting it from sex or injection drug use. People at high risk who should be offered PrEP include aboutContinue Reading

Changes in Medicare Spending per Beneficiary by Age: Working Paper 2015-08

Changes in Medicare Spending per Beneficiary by Age: Working Paper 2015-08 – By Xiaotong Niu (CBO), Melinda Buntin (Vanderbilt University), and Joyce Manchester (Vermont Legislative Joint Fiscal Office), November 2015. “The aging of the population exerts upward pressure on federal spending for health care, especially Medicare, as both the number and average age of elderlyContinue Reading

GAO Reports – Medicare Part B, Government Cybersecurity, Federal Real Property, Climate Change, Bulk Fuel Pricing

Medicare Part B: Expenditures for New Drugs Concentrated among a Few Drugs, and Most Were Costly for Beneficiaries, GAO-16-12: Published: Oct 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2015. Critical Infrastructure Protection: Sector-Specific Agencies Need to Better Measure Cybersecurity Progress, GAO-16-79: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015. Federal Real Property: Additional Authorities andContinue Reading

Outpatient Antibiotic Prescriptions by State 2013

Pew – Mapping U.S. Geographic Variations in Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing – “The prescribing of antibiotics in outpatient health care facilities, such as primary care clinics and emergency rooms, represents a large proportion of antibiotic use in the United States. One study found that these settings accounted for over 60 percent of all dollars spent onContinue Reading

World Anti-Doping Agency Independent Commission Report 1

“Principal outcomes of the work of the Independent Commission (IC) established by the World Anti- Doping Agency President. Background and detailed findings of the investigation are provided in subsequent chapters of this Report.” November 9, 2015.

Rising morbidity and mortality in midlife among white non-Hispanic Americans in the 21st century

Rising morbidity and mortality in midlife among white non-Hispanic Americans in the 21st century – Anne Case and Angus Deaton, Princeton University, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Published online before print November 2, 2015, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1518393112 November 2, 201. “This paper documents a marked increase in the all-cause mortality of middle-aged white non-Hispanic menContinue Reading

Yale MeSH Analyzer – Free Web Search Tool

Searching for Excellence at the NAHSL Conference Blog Post by Hongjie Wang October 23, 2015 “The Yale MeSH Analyzer,” a new web-based search tool introduced at the [2015 North Atlantic Health Sciences Libraries] meeting Contributed Papers Session by Holly Grossetta Nardini and Lei Wang, took us all by storm.  This excellent MeSH Analyzer saves timeContinue Reading

GAO Reports – Nuclear Nonproliferation, Disability Insurance, Medical Devices, Southeast Asia, Space Acquisitions

Nuclear Nonproliferation: NNSA’s Threat Assessment Process Could Be Improved, GAO-16-118: Published: Oct 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2015. 2013 Sequestration and Shutdown: Selected Agencies Generally Managed Unobligated Balances in Reviewed Accounts, but Balances Exceeded Target Levels in Two Accounts, GAO-16-26: Published: Oct 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2015. VA Health Care: Oversight ImprovementsContinue Reading

GAO Reports – Medicaid, Medicaid and Insurance Exchanges, NIH

Medicaid: Additional Efforts Needed to Ensure that State Spending is Appropriately Matched with Federal Funds, GAO-16-53: Published: Oct 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 23, 2015. Medicaid and Insurance Exchanges: Additional Federal Controls Needed to Minimize Potential for Gaps and Duplication in Coverage, GAO-16-73: Published: Oct 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 23, 2015. National Institutes ofContinue Reading