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Category Archives: Poverty

GAO Report – Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited, GAO-16-485: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016.

“U.S. and United Nations (UN) studies since 2010 have identified a variety of factors contributing to the persistence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In many communities where FGM/C is prevalent, FGM/C is an influential social norm that ensures social acceptance and is commonly perceived as a religious obligation. In addition, medicalization of the practice— when it is performed by health care providers rather than traditional practitioners—increases the perception of legitimacy in some countries. Although the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reports that many countries where FGM/C is prevalent have passed laws banning the practice, enforcement is a challenge. The studies also have identified key approaches to addressing FGM/C, including efforts to implement community education programs, outreach and training for medical professionals, and the inclusion of FGM/C in broader gender equality and human rights programs…More than 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone FGM/C in the 30 countries where available data show this harmful practice is concentrated. More than 3 million girls are estimated to be at risk for FGM/C annually in Africa. FGM/C comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs. It is rooted in the cultural traditions of many communities but has several adverse health consequences and the UN identifies it as a violation of human rights. In 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 that included the elimination of FGM/C among its targets. UNFPA and UNICEF implement the Joint Program on FGM/C in 17 countries—the largest current international assistance effort to address FGM/C. State and USAID include FGM/C as part of their global strategy to respond to gender-based violence.”

GAO Report – Retirement Security: Low Defined Contribution Savings May Pose Challenges

Low Defined Contribution Savings May Pose Challenges, GAO-16-408: Published: May 5, 2016. Publicly Released: May 5, 2016. “An estimated 40 percent of all U.S. households had some retirement savings in a defined contribution (DC) plan, such as a 401(k) plan, in 2013, and account balances varied by household income and race in recent years, accordingContinue Reading

NYT – Top 10 Hedge Fund Chiefs Took Home a Combined $10.07 Billion

NYT DealBook: “Last year was tough for the swing-for-the-fences hedge fund managers who became synonymous with money-making in years past. Yet the top 25 hedge fund managers still took home nearly $13 billion in 2015, according to an annual ranking by Institutional Investor’s Alpha magazine. The pay estimates are based on the value of eachContinue Reading

Report – Opportunities to Reduce Vulnerability to Drought are Within Reach

“As extreme drought continues to hit much of Sub-Saharan Africa, leaving millions of people in need of emergency assistance, a new report led by the World Bank focuses on interventions that could increase long term resilience to drought. Launched at the First Great Green Wall Conference held in Dakar, the report Confronting Drought in Africa’sContinue Reading

GAO Report – Retirement Security: Low Defined Contribution Savings May Pose Challenges

Retirement Security: Low Defined Contribution Savings May Pose Challenges, GAO-16-408: Published: May 5, 2016. Publicly Released: May 5, 2016. “An estimated 40 percent of all U.S. households had some retirement savings in a defined contribution (DC) plan, such as a 401(k) plan, in 2013, and account balances varied by household income and race in recentContinue Reading

USDA Organic Survey 2014

“The 2014 Organic Survey is a Census Special Study conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) in conjunction with USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA). This is the third organic production and practices survey NASS has conducted on the national level; the previous data collection efforts were the 2011 CertifiedContinue Reading

Brookings – Twelve facts about food insecurity and SNAP

Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, Lauren Bauer and Greg Nantz – “One in seven households was food insecure in 2014 – meaning that at some time during the year the household had difficulty providing enough food for all their members due to a lack of resources. To explore the persistent and troubling problem of hunger in America,Continue Reading

Crime in 2015: A Final Analysis

Brennan Center for Justice: Ames Grawert and James Cullen – “This analysis provides final crime data to update the report, Crime in 2015: A Preliminary Analysis. It finds the same conclusions as that report (and its December 2015 update), with slightly different percentages.” Summary of Findings: “The analysis examines crime in the 30 largest citiesContinue Reading

Demographic and Economic Profiles of New York’s Electorate

“In advance of the New York primary on April 19, the U.S. Census Bureau presents a variety of statistics that give an overall profile of the state’s voting-age population and industries. Statistics include: Voting-age population and estimate of eligible voters (i.e., citizens age 18 and older). Breakdown of voting-age population by race and Hispanic originContinue Reading

IMF – The Big Squeeze Global Population Pressures

Demographic Upheaval Finance & Development, March 2016, Vol. 53, No. 1. David E. Bloom. “The world will struggle with population growth, aging, migration, and urbanization.” Humankind is being buffeted by the forces of demographic change. The most prominent changes are rapid population growth in some developing economies and shifting shares of adolescents and young adultsContinue Reading

Changes in Neighborhood Inequality, 2000-2010

Weinberg, Daniel H., Changes in Neighborhood Inequality, 2000-2010 (March 1, 2016). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP- 16-18. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2754332 “Recent work has suggested that higher income inequality may be a desirable attribute of a neighborhood in that it represents diversity, even though high (and rising) inequalityContinue Reading

United Nations World Water Development Report 2016

United Nations World Water Assessment Programme. 2016. The United Nations World Water Development Report 2016: Water and Jobs. “Among its findings, this report shows that many jobs in the global workforce depend on water. It demonstrates that water stress and the lack of decent work can exacerbate security challenges. It also traces the link betweenContinue Reading