Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: Poverty

Overview of First Draft of Guidelines for Library Service to People Experiencing Homelessnes

Overview of First Draft of Guidelines for Library Service to People Experiencing Homelessness and A Brief Overview of Services to Youth Experiencing Homelessness Without Parents or Guardians, Julie Ann Winkelstein School of Information Sciences, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN. Submitted on: 28.07.2016 (IFLA)
“This paper provides an overview of the First Draft of the Guidelines for Library Service to People Experiencing Homelessness. It also includes a section on addressing the specific needs of youth ages 12 to 24 who are experiencing homelessness and are unaccompanied by parents or guardians. The Section for Library Services to People with Special Needs (LSN) is creating these international Guidelines for libraries that want to address the topic of homelessness in their communities. Worldwide, libraries are recognizing there are community members who are experiencing homelessness and in response, they are providing resources, creating public conduct policies and procedures related to being unstably housed, implementing staff trainings, engaging in outreach, providing in-house services and partnering with local agencies. LSN is committed to providing relevant and practical Guidelines that will be useful to libraries as they address the many barriers encountered by those in their communities who are experiencing homelessness or who are unstably housed. LSN considers this topic a question of human rights, and these Guidelines reflect that approach. The goal of these Guidelines is to respond to frequently asked questions related to this topic, to provide examples of what libraries are doing, offer concrete suggestions, and provide useful resources for further information. It is hoped library staff can incorporate information from these Guidelines and any other sources and create positive and specific steps to address homelessness in their libraries and communities. LSN will continue to work on these Guidelines, incorporating suggestions and comments as part of a worldwide reviewing process. The final Guidelines will acknowledge these contributions.”

The Environmental Justice Implications of Biofuels

Gonzalez, Carmen G., The Environmental Justice Implications of Biofuels (July 21, 2016). UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, Vol. 20, 2016. Available for download at SSRN: “Analyses of the viability of biofuels as alternatives to fossil fuels have often adopted a technocratic approach that focuses on environmental consequences, but places less emphasis… Continue Reading

USDA Announces Additional Efforts to Make School Environments Healthier

USDA news release: “Today, the Obama Administration is announcing four final rules that implement important provisions of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) building on the progress schools across the country have already made in the improved nutritional quality of meals served in schools. As a key component of First Lady Michelle Obama’s Let’s Move!… Continue Reading

Commentary – Classism and the Politics of SNAP

Despite mounting evidence that the majority of SNAP recipients are engaged in work, Americans of all political stripes often view beneficiaries as “lazy” or “moochers”—and this heavily affects how we treat them. Joel Berg from July 14, 2016. Continue Reading

DOD Needs More Complete Data on Active-Duty Servicemembers’ Use of Food Assistance Programs

Military Personnel: DOD Needs More Complete Data on Active-Duty Servicemembers’ Use of Food Assistance Programs, GAO-16-561: Published: Jul 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2016. “According to the Defense Commissary Agency, servicemembers on active duty spent over $21 million in SNAP benefits at commissaries from September 2014 through August 2015. This suggests that people serving… Continue Reading

The Changing Landscape of American Life Expectancy

Brookings – The Hamilton Project – The Changing Landscape of American Life Expectancy By: Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach, Ryan Nunn and Lauren Bauer “Life expectancy—the average remaining years an individual of a particular age can be expected to live—is perhaps the most valuable indicator of social progress. In the past 100 years Americans have enjoyed an… Continue Reading

Poverty in the United States – 50-Year Trends and Safety Net Impacts Report

HHS – “Poverty in the United States: 50-Year Trends and Safety Net Impacts presents analyses of the impact of the safety net on poverty rates and a close look at populations experiencing high risks of poverty during the 50 years since the War on Poverty began. The report highlights the increasing role of safety net… Continue Reading

The Little Green Data Book 2016

World Bank new release: “The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted in 2015 articulate a new global development agenda to eradicate poverty and shift the world onto a sustainable development path by 2030. The 17 SDGs and their 169 targets are designed as a web of inter-relationships and dependencies, where progress towards one goal can enhance… Continue Reading

Origins and Destinations of the World’s Migrants, from 1990-2015

Pew – “The figures in this interactive feature refer to the total number (or cumulative “stocks”) of migrants living around the world as of 1990, 2000, 2010 or 2015 rather than to the annual rate of migration (or current “flows”) in a given year. Since migrants have both an origin and a destination, international migrants… Continue Reading

The Urban Agenda for the EU: European cities get their say in EU policy making

News release: “Today, the informal Ministerial meeting on urban matters agreed on the “Pact of Amsterdam”, which sets out the principles of the Urban Agenda for the EU. Today, the Commission is taking part in the informal meeting in Amsterdam of the 28 Ministers in charge of urban matters, along with representatives from other EU… Continue Reading

GAO Report – Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited, GAO-16-485: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016. “U.S. and United Nations (UN) studies since 2010 have identified a variety of factors contributing to the persistence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In many communities where FGM/C is prevalent, FGM/C is… Continue Reading

GAO Report – Retirement Security: Low Defined Contribution Savings May Pose Challenges

Low Defined Contribution Savings May Pose Challenges, GAO-16-408: Published: May 5, 2016. Publicly Released: May 5, 2016. “An estimated 40 percent of all U.S. households had some retirement savings in a defined contribution (DC) plan, such as a 401(k) plan, in 2013, and account balances varied by household income and race in recent years, according… Continue Reading