Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: Poverty

OECD – Measuring and Assessing Well-Being in Israel

“Israel’s economy has strong fundamentals, but the country needs to address productivity, inequality and poverty if it wants to improve well-being and reduce socio-economic divides, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel. The release coincided with the fifth anniversary of Israel’s accession to the OECD. The Survey was presented by OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during a cabinet meeting today. The Survey says that improving productivity and raising living standards will require strengthening competition and efficiency in the domestic economy. The OECD report also highlights that boosting investment in infrastructure and promoting skills, particularly among disadvantaged groups can both enhance social cohesion and raise long-term growth. The OECD is also today releasing a study entitled Measuring and Assessing Well-Being in Israel. This report will complement an Israeli government-led initiative to publish information that helps improve measurement of “what matters most to people.” The report shows that, while Israel performs well and is among the best in the OECD in terms of life satisfaction, health status and educational attainment, it has poor outcomes compared to OECD averages in areas such as poverty, housing and air quality. Additionally, Israel has a high level of inequality, with the Israeli Arab and Haredi populations experiencing higher than average rates of poverty, and lower levels of labour force participation and educational attainment than is the case for secular Jews. This contributes to overall levels of human capital in Israel which are significantly below the OECD average…”

Paper – Linking ‘toxic outliers’ to environmental justice communities

Linking ‘toxic outliers’ to environmental justice communities. Mary B Collins, Ian Munoz and Joseph JaJa. Published 26 January 2016 © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd • Environmental Research Letters, Volume 11, Number 1 “Several key studies have found that a small minority of producers, polluting at levels far exceeding group averages, generate the majority of overallContinue Reading

10 things to know about progress in international development

Overseas Development Institute: “Around the world, amazing progress is being made. More than 1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty since 1990 with major gains made in health and education and in other areas that contribute to human well-being. While the world still faces considerable challenges, including inequality, conflict and climate change, there are many lessons to beContinue Reading

Subcommittee on Nutrition RE: Past, Present, and Future of SNAP

U.S. House Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on Nutrition – Addressing Special Populations, Testimony of Abby J. Leibman, President and CEO MAZON: A Jewish Response to Hunger, Washington, DC, January 12, 2016. “Perhaps the  best way to prevent hunger among veterans is to protect and strengthen the SNAP program. It has been repeatedly demonstrated that SNAPContinue Reading

Report documents child labor in cobalt mining critical for global electronics trade

Amnesty International, 19 January 2016, Index number: AFR 62/3183/2016 – “This report documents the hazardous conditions in which artisanal miners, including thousands of children, mine cobalt in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It goes on to trace how this cobalt is used to power mobile phones, laptop computers, and other portable electronic devices. UsingContinue Reading

UN Global Humanitarian Overview 2016

“The outlook for 2016 is grim. Millions of civilians, uprooted from their homes by violent and prolonged conflict, will remain in desperate need of protection and humanitarian assistance. About 60 million people are displaced around the world, and more than a quarter of these displacements are due to the conflicts in Iraq, South Sudan andContinue Reading

U.S. Conference of Mayors Releases 22-City Survey on Hunger and Homelessness

U.S. Conference of Mayors Releases 2015 Hunger and Homelessness Survey: Press Release | Download the Report | “Sixty-six percent of the survey cities reported that the number of requests for emergency food assistance increased over the past year. Among people requesting emergency food assistance, 67 percent were persons in families, 42 percent were employed, 23Continue Reading

Study – inequality can reduce generosity in charitable giving

Via Greater Good: “The study, recently published online in the prestigious Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, first looked at data from a national survey of about 1,500 United States residents that asked about their household income and home state, among other details. The survey also used a technique that prior research has foundContinue Reading

Chronic Homelessness: Background, Research, and Outcomes

CRS – Chronic Homelessness: Background, Research, and Outcomes. Libby Perl, Specialist in Housing Policy. Erin Bagalman, Analyst in Health Policy. December 8, 2015. “Chronically homeless individuals are those who spend long periods of time living on the street or other places not meant for human habitation, and who have one or more disabilities, frequently includingContinue Reading

Census Bureau Releases 2014 Income and Poverty Estimates for All Counties

“Today, the Census Bureau released the latest findings from its Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program. The program provides the only up-to-date, single-year income and poverty statistics for all counties and school districts — roughly 3,140 counties and nearly 14,000 school districts nationally. Tables provide statistics on the number of people in poverty, theContinue Reading

Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty

Hallegatte, Stephane, Mook Bangalore, Laura Bonzanigo, Marianne Fay, Tamaro Kane, Ulf Narloch, Julie Rozenberg, David Treguer, and Adrien Vogt-Schilb. 2016. Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty. Climate Change and Development Series. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0673-5. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 IGO. “Ending poverty and addressing climate change areContinue Reading

CRS Report – Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness, Libby Perl, Specialist in Housing Policy. November 6, 2015. “The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be over represented in the homeless population, and, as the number of veterans increasedContinue Reading