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Category Archives: Poverty

Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty

Hallegatte, Stephane, Mook Bangalore, Laura Bonzanigo, Marianne Fay, Tamaro Kane, Ulf Narloch, Julie Rozenberg, David Treguer, and Adrien Vogt-Schilb. 2016. Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty. Climate Change and Development Series. Washington, DC: World Bank. doi:10.1596/978-1-4648-0673-5. License: Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0 IGO.
“Ending poverty and addressing climate change are the two defining issues of our time. Both are essential to achieving sustainable global development. But they cannot be considered in isolation. This report brings together these two over-arching objectives and explores how they can be more easily achieved if considered together. It demonstrates the urgency of efforts to reduce poverty and the vulnerability of poor people in the face of climate change. It also provides guidance on how to ensure that climate change policies contribute to poverty reduction and poverty reduction policies contribute to climate change mitigation and resilience building. Our studies show that without action, climate change would likely spark higher agricultural prices and could threaten food security in poorer regions such as Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. And in most countries where we have data, poor urban households are more exposed to floods than the average urban population. Climate change also will magnify many threats to health, as poor people are more susceptible to climate-related diseases such as malaria and diarrhea. As the report points out, poverty reduction is not a one-way street. Many people exit or fall back into poverty each year. The poor live in uncertainty, just one natural disaster away from losing every- thing they have. We need good, climate-informed development to reduce the impacts of climate change on the poor. This means, in part, providing poor people with social safety nets and universal health care. These efforts will need to be coupled with targeted climate resilience measures, such as the introduction of heat- resistant crops and disaster preparedness systems. The report shows that without this type of development, climate change could force more than 100 million people into extreme poverty by 2030. But with rapid, inclusive development that is adapted to changing cli – mate conditions, most of these impacts can be prevented..”

CRS Report – Veterans and Homelessness

Veterans and Homelessness, Libby Perl, Specialist in Housing Policy. November 6, 2015. “The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be over represented in the homeless population, and, as the number of veterans increasedContinue Reading

Bicycling and Walking to Work in US: 2008–2012

Modes Less Traveled—Bicycling and Walking to Work in the United States: 2008–2012 “Bicycling and walking make up a relatively small portion of commuting activity in the United States, but these nonmotorized travel modes play important roles within many of the nation’s local transportation systems. Infrastructure that supports bicycling and walking expands transportation options and mayContinue Reading

Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty

World Bank:  Shock waves: managing the Impacts of climate change on poverty – “Ending poverty and stabilizing climate change are the two objectives of this report. It is discussed how the two objectives should be addressed together. Climate change has an impact on eradicating poverty. Climate related shocks (natural disasters, spike in food prices, waterborneContinue Reading

Women’s Rights Online: Translating Access into Empowerment

“New research by the Web Foundation shows that the dramatic spread of mobile phones is not enough to get women online, or to achieve empowerment of women through technology. The study, based on a survey of thousands of poor urban men and women across nine developing countries*, found that while nearly all women and menContinue Reading

Status of Federal Housing Assistance for Low-Income Households

Presentation by Elizabeth Cove Delisle, an analyst in CBO’s Budget Analysis Division, with Natalie Tawil, an analyst in CBO’s Microeconomic Studies Division, to the Council of Large Public Housing Authorities. In 2014, the federal government provided about $50 billion in housing assistance specifically designated for low-income households. This presentation describes the ways in which theContinue Reading

Children paying a high price for growing inequality

“How’s Life? describes the essential ingredients that shape people’s well-being in OECD and partner countries. It includes a wide variety of statistics, capturing both material well-being (such as income, jobs and housing) and the broader quality of people’s lives (such as their health, education, work-life balance, environment, social connections, civic engagement, subjective well-being and safety).Continue Reading

Swedish crime writer best known for his Kurt Wallander books, dedicated political activist

The Guardian – Henning Mankell obituary “Henning Mankell, who has died aged 67, after being diagnosed with cancer last year, established almost single-handedly the global picture of Sweden as a crime writer’s ideal dystopia. He took the existing Swedish tradition of crime writing as a form of leftwing social criticism and gave it international recognition,Continue Reading

A Global Count of the Extreme Poor in 2012

A Global Count of the Extreme Poor in 2012 – Data Issues, Methodology and Initial Results. October 2015. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7432. “The 2014 release of a new set of purchasing power parity conversion factors (PPPs) for 2011 has prompted a revision of the international poverty line. In order to preserve theContinue Reading

Ending Extreme Poverty and Sharing Prosperity

Ending Extreme Poverty and Sharing Prosperity: Progress and Policies. Marcio Cruz, James Foster, Bryce Quillin and Philip Schellekens. Approved for distribution by Kaushik Basu, Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, World Bank. Ocotber 2015. “Three key challenges stand out: the depth of remaining poverty, the unevenness in shared prosperity, and the persistent disparities in non-incomeContinue Reading

NLM Releases New Research Resource for Domestic Violence

“The National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR) of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) has released a new health services research resource on domestic violence, to complement the new NLM exhibition, Confronting Violence, Improving Women’s Lives. The new resource can be found on the Web portal, Health Services ResearchContinue Reading

The Growing Gap in Life Expectancy by Income

“The U.S. population is aging. Social Security projections suggest that between 2013 and 2050, the population aged 65 and over will almost double, from 45 million to 86 million. One key driver of population aging is ongoing increases in life expectancy. Average U.S. life expectancy was 67 years for males and 73 years for femalesContinue Reading