Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: Transportation

What Drives U.S. Gasoline Prices?

EIA, October 30, 2014: “U.S. oil production has grown rapidly in recent years. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) data, which reflect combined production of crude oil and lease condensate, show a rise from 5.6 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 2011 to 7.4 million bbl/d in 2013. EIA’s Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) projects continuing rapid production growth in 2014 and 2015, with forecast production in 2015 averaging 9.5 million bbl/d. While EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) projects further production growth, its pace and duration remain uncertain, as shown by the significant differences between Reference case and High Oil and Gas Resource case projections, which differ in both the timing and level of the highest volume of U.S. crude oil production. EIA’s next update to the AEO will raise projected production significantly in the Reference case. Recent and forecast increases in domestic crude production have sparked discussion on the topic of how rising crude oil volumes will be absorbed. Given the likelihood of continued growth in domestic crude production, and the recognition that some absorption options, such as like-for-like replacement of import streams, are inherently limited, the question of how a relaxation in current limitations on crude exports might affect domestic and international markets for both crude and products continues to hold great interest for policymakers, industry, and the public. In response to multiple requests, EIA is developing analyses that shed light on this question. A change in current limitations on crude oil exports could have implications for both domestic and international crude oil prices. To the extent that current limitations on exports cause domestic crudes to sell at lower prices than could occur if those limitations were relaxed, such a relaxation could raise the price of domestically produced oil. If higher prices for domestic crude were to spur additional U.S. production than might otherwise occur, the increase to global crude oil supply could reduce the global price of crude. The extent to which domestic crude prices might rise, and global crude prices might fall, depends on a host of factors, including the degree to which current export limitations affect prices received by domestic producers, the sensitivity of future domestic production to price changes, the ability of domestic refiners to absorb domestic production, and the reaction of key foreign producers to changes in the level of U.S. crude production.”

New GAO Reports – Disability Compensation, DOD Business Systems Modernization, DOD Space Systems, Energy Policy

DISABILITY COMPENSATION: Review of Concurrent Receipt of Department of Defense Retirement, Department of Veterans Affairs Disability Compensation, and Social Security Disability Insurance, GAO-14-854R: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2014. DOD BUSINESS SYSTEMS MODERNIZATION: Additional Enhancements Are Needed for Army Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates to Fully Meet Best Practices, GAO-14-470: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: OctContinue Reading

Report – Bicyclist Fatalities a Growing Problem for Key Groups

“The number of bicyclists killed on U.S. roadways is trending upward, particularly for certain subsets of the population, according to a report released today by the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA). GHSA’s Spotlight on Highway Safety: Bicyclist Safety notes that yearly bicyclist deaths increased 16 percent between 2010 and 2012, while overall motor vehicle fatalitiesContinue Reading

American Housing Survey: 2013 Detailed Tables

Release Number: CB14-TPS.78: “The first findings from the 2013 American Housing Survey are now available in the form of dozens of detailed tables and a microdata file. The American Housing Survey is conducted biennially and, as in past years, provides current national-level information on a wide range of housing subjects. Topics unique to this surveyContinue Reading

New GAO Reports – Immigration Detention, Nuclear Weapons, Highway Trust Fund, Market Research

IMMIGRATION DETENTION: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Management and Oversight of Facility Costs and Standards, GAO-15-153: Published: Oct 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 2014. NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Some Actions Have Been Taken to Address Challenges with the Uranium Processing Facility Design, GAO-15-126: Published: Oct 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 2014. HIGHWAY TRUST FUND: DOT Has Opportunities to Improve Tracking and ReportingContinue Reading

Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries: Costly but Preventable

CDC Vital Signs: “More than 2.5 million Americans went to the emergency department (ED)—and nearly 200,000 were then hospitalized—for crash injuries in 2012. On average, each crash-related ED visit costs about $3,300 and each hospitalization costs about $57,000 over a person’s lifetime. The best way to keep people safe and reduce medical costs is toContinue Reading

Access Across America: Transit 2014

“This study examined the accessibility to jobs by transit in 46 of the 50 largest (by population) metropolitan areas in the United States. It is the most detailed evaluation to date of access to jobs by transit, and it allows for a direct comparison of the transit accessibility performance of America’s largest metropolitan areas. Rankings wereContinue Reading

Heads Up – A Single Fire Can Cripple America’s Aging Air-Traffic System

Alex Davis – Wired: “The ground radar network dates back to the 1950s, when air traffic finally got busy enough that officials needed a new way to track aircraft on the move. Since then, the network has greatly expanded, and the radars have been upgraded, though small air traffic facilities didn’t upgrade from vacuum tubeContinue Reading

UK – Airlines cleared for mobile phone use during flights

BBC News – “The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) says electronic devices such as mobile phones can be left switched on during flights. EASA says that electronic devices do not pose a safety risk. The announcement clears the way for airlines to permit the use of mobile phones, once they have conducted their own safety reviews. Currently airline passengers have toContinue Reading

New GAO Reports – Freight Transportation, Managing for Results, U.S. Currency

FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION: Developing National Strategy Would Benefit from Added Focus on Community Congestion Impacts, GAO-14-740: Published: Sep 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2014. MANAGING FOR RESULTS: Agencies’ Trends in the Use of Performance Information to Make Decisions – GAO-14-747: Published: Sep 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2014 U.S. CURRENCY: Reader Program Should Be Evaluated While Other Accessibility Features for Visually ImpairedContinue Reading

New GAO Reports – Aviation, Cloud Computing, Data Center Consolidation, Littoral Combat Ship, Overseas Real Property

AVIATION: Impact of Fuel Price Increases on the Aviation Industry, GAO-14-331: Published: Sep 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2014. CLOUD COMPUTING: Additional Opportunities and Savings Need to Be Pursued, GAO-14-753: Published: Sep 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2014. DATA CENTER CONSOLIDATION: Reporting Can Be Improved to Reflect Substantial Planned Savings, GAO-14-713: Published: Sep 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2014. LITTORALContinue Reading

New GAO Reports – Drinking Water, Federal Software Licenses, F-35 Sustainment, Health Resources and Services Admin., Surface Transportation

DRINKING WATER: Characterization of Injected Fluids Associated with Oil and Gas Production, GAO-14-857R: Published: Sep 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2014. FEDERAL SOFTWARE LICENSES: Most Agencies Have Reported Planned Actions to Address Our Prior Recommendations on Software License Management, GAO-14-835R: Published: Sep 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2014. F-35 SUSTAINMENT: Need for Affordable Strategy, Greater Attention to Risks, andContinue Reading