China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States

by Sabrina I. Pacifici on July 9, 2013

China’s Economic Rise: History, Trends, Challenges, and Implications for the United States – Wayne M. Morrison, Specialist in Asian Trade and Finance. July 3, 2013
“Prior to the initiation of economic reforms and trade liberalization 34 years ago, China maintained policies that kept the economy very poor, stagnant, centrally controlled, vastly inefficient, and relatively isolated from the global economy. Since opening up to foreign trade and investment and implementing free market reforms in 1979, China has been among the world’s fastest-growing economies, with real annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth averaging nearly 10% through 2012. In recent years, China has emerged as a major global economic and trade power. It is currently the world’s second-largest economy, largest merchandise exporter, second-largest merchandise importer, second-largest destination of foreign direct investment (FDI), largest manufacturer, largest holder of foreign exchange reserves, and largest creditor nation.”

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