CRS – Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

by Sabrina I. Pacifici on December 29, 2013

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced? by Robert Esworthy, Specialist in Environmental Policy. December 16, 2013

“This report focuses on enforcement of federal environmental pollution control requirements under the Clean Air Act (CAA); the Clean Water Act (CWA); the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund); and other statutes for which EPA is the primary federal implementing agency. The report provides a brief synopsis of the statutory framework that serves as the basis for pollution control enforcement, including an overview of the key players responsible for correcting violations and maintaining compliance. Implementation and enforcement of pollution control laws are interdependent and carried out by a wide range of actors including federal, state, tribal, and local governments; the regulated entities themselves; the courts; interest groups; and the general public. “

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