January 24, 2008
Privacy Impact Assessment for the Use of Radio Frequency Identification Technology for Border Crossings
"U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology that is to be used in cross border travel documents to facilitate the land border primary inspection process. A unique number is embedded in an RFID tag which, in turn, is embedded in each cross border travel document. At the border, the unique number is read wirelessly by CBP and then forwarded through a secured data circuit to back-end computer systems. The back-end systems use the unique number to retrieve personally identifiable information about the traveler. This information is sent to the CBP Officer to assist in the authentication of the identity of the traveler and to facilitate the land border primary inspection process. Multiple border crossing programs use or plan to take advantage of CBP’s vicinity RFID-reader enabled border crossing functionality including CBP’s own trusted traveler programs, the pending Department of State’s (DoS) Passport Card, the Mexican Border Crossing Card, the proposed Enhanced Driver’s License (EDL) offered by various states, tribal enrollment cards that could be developed by various Native American Tribes, and the proposed Enhanced Driver’s Licenses being developed within the various provincial authorities in Canada."