“Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) or Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and women veterans experienced higher homeless incidences after military separation. At 5 years after separation from the military, 3.7 percent of the veterans experienced an initial episode of homelessness (the newly homeless). OEF/OIF and women veterans experienced higher incidences of homelessness than their non-OEF/OIF and male counterparts. The 5-year homeless incidence rates ranged from 3.2 percent for non-OEF/OIF men to 4.0 percent for OEF/OIF women veterans. OEF/OIF veterans experienced higher homeless incidences than non-OEF/OIF veterans at each year of the first 5 years after discharge. Among the veterans who became homeless, the median times to the first episode of homelessness were close to 3 years, indicating half of new homeless episodes occurred 3 years after discharge from active duty. The median times varied from 34 months after leaving the military for OEF/OIF men to 38 months for non-OEF/OIF women. OEF/OIF homeless veterans encountered their first homeless episode slightly sooner than their non-OEF/OIF counterparts after discharge from active duty.”
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