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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

NOAA Builds Tool to Hold Unprecedented Amounts of Data from Studying Unprecedented Oil Spill

“This is the seventh in a series of stories over the coming weeks looking at various topics related to the response, the Natural Resource Damage Assessment science, restoration efforts, and the future of the Gulf of Mexico. APRIL 17, 2015 — The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was the largest marine oil spill in U.S. history. In the wake of this massive pollution release, NOAA and other federal and state government scientists need to determine how much this spill and ensuing response efforts harmed the Gulf of Mexico’s natural resources, and define the necessary type and amount of restoration. That means planning a lot of scientific studies and collecting a lot of data on the spill’s impacts, an effort beginning within hours of the spill and continuing to this day. Scientists collected oil samples from across the Gulf Coast. Oil spill observers snapped photographs of oil on the ocean surface from airplanes. Oceanographic sensors detected oil in the water column near the Macondo wellhead. Biologists followed the tracks of tagged dolphins as they swam through the Gulf’s bays and estuaries. Scientists are using this type of information—and much more—to better understand and assess the impacts to the Gulf ecosystem and people’s uses of it. But what is the best way to gather together and organize what would become an unprecedented amount of data for this ongoing Natural Resource Damage Assessment process? Scientists from across disciplines, agencies, and the country needed to be able to upload their own data and download others’ data, in addition to searching and sorting through what would eventually amount to tens of thousands of samples and millions of results and observations… NOAA’s data warehouse currently holds validated damage assessment data from more than 53,000 water, tissue, oil, and sediment samples, which, once these samples were analyzed, have led to over 3.8 million analytical results, also stored within the new tool. Together, NOAA’s samples and analytical results have informed more than 16 scientific studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals, as well as many other academic and scientific publications. While not all of the data from the damage assessment are publicly available yet, you can access validated data collected through cooperative studies or otherwise made available through the Natural Resource Damage Assessment legal process. You can find validated data exported from NOAA’s digital data warehouse available for download on both the Natural Resource Damage Assessment website and NOAA’s interactive online mapping tool for this spill, the ERMA Deepwater Gulf Response website.”

DHS Data Framework – Interim Process to Address Emergent Threat

Privacy Impact Assessment for the DHS Data Framework – Interim Process to Address an Emergent Threat. DHS/ALL/PIA-051 April 15 , 2015. “The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is publishing this Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) to explain its plan to expedite DHS’s ability to meet a critical mission need through the use of an interim manualContinue Reading

NIST Seeks Comments on De-identification Report

EPIC – “The National Institute of Standards and Technology has released a draft report on “De-Identification of Personally Identifiable Information.” The agency is requesting comments by May 15. The NIST report reviews de-identification techniques and research, including work by EPIC Advisory Board members Cynthia Dwork and Latanya Sweeney. Last year, in response to a similarContinue Reading

SV150: Current tech boom is no dot-com bubble, experts say

Silicon Valley’s top public tech companies ranked, in everything from sales to taxes paid. (Dollar figures in millions.)  By Daniel J. Willis, Jeremy C. Owens and Jack Davis / Bay Area News Group – Searchable Database. Patrick May – Mercury News – “Silicon Valley’s tech cup runneth over. Job growth is humming, coders are beingContinue Reading

Guest Editorial: Social media metrics in scholarly communication

Guest Editorial: Social media metrics in scholarly communication, Stefanie Haustein, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Vincent Larivière (Submitted on 8 Apr 2015). “Social media metrics – commonly coined as “altmetrics” – have been heralded as great democratizers of science, providing broader and timelier indicators of impact than citations. These metrics come from a range of sources, includingContinue Reading

Contextualization of topics – browsing through terms, authors, journals and cluster allocations

Contextualization of topics – browsing through terms, authors, journals and cluster allocations, Rob Koopman, Shenghui Wang, Andrea Scharnhorst (Submitted on 16 Apr 2015). “This paper builds on an innovative Information Retrieval tool, Ariadne. The tool has been developed as an interactive network visualization and browsing tool for large-scale bibliographic databases. It basically allows to gainContinue Reading

The Regulatory Adventure of the Two Norwood Builders

Davies, Ross E., The Regulatory Adventure of the Two Norwood Builders: Sherlock Holmes Crosses Paths with Congress, the President, the Courts, and the Administrative State, in the Press (April 17, 2015). 2015 Green Bag Almanac & Reader 567. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2595768 “It was almost certainly some combination of law on the booksContinue Reading

Cyber In-securIty II Closing the Federal Talent Gap

Partnership for Public Service and Booz Allen Hamilton – Cyber In-securIty II Closing the Federal Talent Gap, April 2015. “Technology has changed our lives. Individuals can email, text and talk to each other, take pictures, get directions, watch television, control their home appliances, read the news, play games and manage their schedules using a device thatContinue Reading

Center for Applied Internet Data Analysis

“Mission statement – CAIDA investigates practical and theoretical aspects of the Internet in order to: provide macroscopic insights into Internet infrastructure, behavior, usage, and evolution, foster a collaborative environment in which data can be acquired, analyzed, and (as appropriate) shared, improve the integrity of the field of Internet science, inform science, technology, and communications publicContinue Reading

Shodan is the world’s first search engine for Internet-connected devices

“Explore the Internet of Things Use Shodan to discover which of your devices are connected to the Internet, where they are located and who is using them. See the Big Picture – Websites are just one part of the Internet. There are power plants, Smart TVs, refrigerators and much more that can be found withContinue Reading

DARPA Funded Memex – Domain-Specific Search

Via Michael del Castillo – UpStart: “The federal government’s Defense Advanced Research Project Agency today made publicly available an open-source tool that could lead to an entire new ecosystem of search-engines. Seventeen organizations received early access to the project, called Memex. Of those, five stood out as technology that Google may want to look atContinue Reading

Project Management for Intergenerational Library Teams Creating Non-MARC Metadata

Kelly J. Thompson – “What If I Break It?”: Project Management for Intergenerational Library Teams Creating Non-MARC Metadata: code{4}lib Journal – Issue 28, 2015-04-15: “Libraries are constantly challenged to meet new user needs and to provide access to new types of materials. We are in the process of launching many new technology-rich initiatives and projectsContinue Reading