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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

The Evolution of Consensus in the U.S. Supreme Court

Rice, Douglas and Zorn, Christopher J., The Evolution of Consensus in the U.S. Supreme Court (July 22, 2014). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2470029

For small, collegial bodies such as the U.S. Supreme Court, interpersonal dynamics play a key role in the decision making process. Previous work on the Court has focused on the existence of “consensual norms,” examined only the presence of concurring and dissenting opinions, and rested entirely on aggregate statistics. As a result, that work is limited in its ability to uncover inter-justice conflict during the 19th and early 20th centuries and fails to explain whether changes in the Court’s collegiality are due to shifts in issues, personnel, or the larger political environment. A sentiment analysis of all opinions — majority, concurring, and dissenting — issued by the Court between 1792 and 2000 allows us to measure the degree of consensual and discordant content for every opinion, justice, and term of the Court. Leveraging data at the opinion level also allows us to exploit an identification strategy for uncovering “chief justice effects.” Our findings suggest a permanent increase in overall levels of valenced language in dissenting opinions corresponding roughly to the ascension of Chief Justice Taft, and a similar increase among majority opinions under Chief Justice Burger. However, though we uncover substantial justice-level differences in the positivity or negativity of opinion content, we find little evidence of systematic variations in the polarity of language associated with the regimes of particular chief justices.”

New GAO Reports – Large Partnerships, Managing for Results, SBA, Telecommunications

LARGE PARTNERSHIPS: Growing Population and Complexity Hinder Effective IRS Audits, GAO-14-746T: Published: Jul 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2014. MANAGING FOR RESULTS: Enhanced Goal Leader Accountability and Collaboration Could Further Improve Agency Performance, GAO-14-639: Published: Jul 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2014. SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION: Office of Advocacy Needs to Improve Controls over Research, Regulatory, and Workforce Planning Activities, GAO-14-525: Published:Continue Reading

Trends in State Courts 2014

“Trends in State Courts 2014 focuses on what courts can do, and are doing, to serve the needs of society’s most vulnerable groups: juveniles and the elderly. Articles in two special sections focus on many aspects of juvenile justice and elder issues, such as the Models for Change Juvenile Justice Initiative funded by the John D.Continue Reading

Consumer Cloud Robotics and the Fair Information Practice Principles

Proia, Andrew A. and Simshaw, Drew and Hauser, Kris, Consumer Cloud Robotics and the Fair Information Practice Principles: Recognizing the Challenges and Opportunities Ahead (2014). Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Forthcoming. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2466723 “Rapid technological innovation has made commercially accessible consumer robotics a reality. At the same time, individuals andContinue Reading

Loopholes for Circumventing the Constitution: Warrantless Bulk Surveillance on Americans by Collecting Network Traffic Abroad

Arnbak, Axel and Goldberg, Sharon, Loopholes for Circumventing the Constitution: Warrantless Bulk Surveillance on Americans by Collecting Network Traffic Abroad (June 27, 2014). HOTPETS, 2014. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2460462 “In this multi-disciplinary paper, we reveal interdependent legal and technical loopholes that intelligence agencies of the U.S. government could use to circumvent constitutional and statutoryContinue Reading

Contributed papers presented at SLA 2014 Annual Conference & INFO-EXPO in Vancouver, Canada, in June 2014

Lessons from the Battlefield: The Challenges and Evolution of an Embedded Researcher, Leah Swift Information Verification in the Age of Digital Journalism, Nora Martin Beyond COUNTER Data for Journal Retention Decisions: A Case Study of Chemistry and Biochemistry Periodical Value Metrics at a Research University, Lutishoor Salisbury Leaders in Librarianship: The Role of Special Libraries Association in Asia, P.K.Continue Reading

US National Archives enshrines Wikipedia in Open Government Plan

News release: “The US National Archives and Record Administration (NARA) have committed to engaging with Wikimedia projects in their newest Open Government Plan. The biannual effort is a roadmap for how the agency will accomplish its goals in the digital age. In the first plan, issued in 2010, Archivist of the United States David Ferriero wrote “the cornerstone ofContinue Reading

New on LLRX – Information Quality Resources

Via LLRX.com - Information Quality Resources - Marcus P. Zillman’s guide focuses on the increasingly important topic of identifying reliable and actionable Information resources on the internet, a task specifically critical for researchers in all sectors. With the proliferation of non attributable, un-vetted, un-sourced information churning 24/7 through a spectrum of social media sites, getting it right takes timeContinue Reading

Fostering Innovation, Creating Jobs, Driving Better Decisions: The Value of Government Data

“This report finds: Government data potentially guides trillions of dollars of investments each year. Government data helps governments to better target scarce resources, businesses stay competitive, and individuals stay informed about the communities in which they live. As the real world examples in this report demonstrate, individuals, businesses, other organizations, and governments use Government dataContinue Reading

The complicated challenges of archiving and retrieving government email

FCW.com: “When President Barack Obama signed a memorandum on the management of government records in November 2011, some touted it as the first significant action on the topic since Harry Truman signed the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act in 1949 and the Federal Records Act in 1950. More than six decades and 7 billion network devices later,Continue Reading

Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review

Holt-Lunstad J, Smith TB, Layton JB (2010) Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review. PLoS Med 7(7): e1000316. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316 “Humans are naturally social. Yet, the modern way of life in industrialized countries is greatly reducing the quantity and quality of social relationships. Many people in these countries no longer live in extended families orContinue Reading

Being a Better Online Reader – The New Yorker

“Certainly, as we turn to online reading, the physiology of the reading process itself shifts; we don’t read the same way online as we do on paper. Anne Mangen, a professor at the National Centre for Reading Education and Research at the University of Stavanger, in Norway, points out that reading is always an interactionContinue Reading