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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

Digital Preservation Policy Framework: A Case Study

Digital Preservation Policy Framework: A Case Study by Daniel W. Noonan. Educause Review Online, July 28, 2014.

“Digital preservation can be defined as the combination of policies, strategies and actions to ensure access to and accurate rendering of authenticated reformatted and born digital content over time regardless of the challenges of media failure and technological change. Graham suggests that for “…the scholarly community to give serious weight to electronic information depends upon its trust in such information being dependably available, with authenticity and integrity maintained.” To effectively accomplish the activities of digital preservation, an institution or organization should have a digital preservation policy that articulates and institutionalizes its commitment to their preservation strategies and actions. Historically, archives and libraries have articulated — in policies and procedures — the process for the preservation of the paper-based documents and analog objects within their institutions. As Marcum noted in 1996, “Preservation is a fundamental responsibility of libraries and archives of record. To be sure, the preservation imperative has been imperfectly carried out in the print environment, but the problem grows even more complicated in the digital world.” Just because the process of digital preservation might be more complicated, does anyone really need a policy for digital preservation separate from their institution’s preservation policy for books, manuscripts, and/or physical objects? There is a fundamental difference in trying to preserve paper-based and/or analog objects and digital objects; the Society of American Archivists’ definition for preservation states:

  1. The professional discipline of protecting materials by minimizing chemical and physical deterioration and damage to minimize the loss of information and to extend the life of cultural property.
  2. The act of keeping from harm, injury, decay, or destruction, especially through noninvasive treatment.

This definition infers the preservation of the original artifact or object, whereas the previously defined objective of digital preservation “…is the accurate rendering of authenticated…content over time.” By definition, digital preservation does not necessarily guarantee “preservation” of the actual digital artifact or object, but its informational value and how it is rendered and accessed. Consequently, digital preservation is significantly different enough from traditional preservation to warrant a dedicated policy.”

The Impact of Time at Work and Time off from Work on Rule Compliance

Dai, Hengchen and Milkman, Katherine L. and Hofmann, David A. and Staats, Bradley R., The Impact of Time at Work and Time off from Work on Rule Compliance: The Case of Hand Hygiene in Healthcare (September 3, 2013). The Wharton School Research Paper No. 56; UNC Kenan-Flagler Research Paper No. 2320114. Available for download atContinue Reading

Radical Librarianship: how ninja librarians are ensuring patrons’ electronic privacy

Via Boing Boing, by Alison Macrina and April Glaser: “Librarians in Massachusetts are working to give their patrons a chance to opt-out of pervasive surveillance. Partnering with the ACLU of Massachusetts, area librarians have been teaching and taking workshops on how freedom of speech and the right to privacy are compromised by the surveillance of onlineContinue Reading

Libraries may digitize books without permission, EU top court rules

Loek Essers - PC World: “European libraries may digitize books and make them available at electronic reading points without first gaining consent of the copyright holder, the highest European Union court ruled Thursday. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled in a case in which the Technical University of Darmstadt digitized a book published byContinue Reading

Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation

Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation. Brian T. Yeh, Legislative Attorney. September 5, 2014. “A trade secret is confidential, commercially valuable information that provides a company with a competitive advantage, such as customer lists, methods of production, marketing strategies, pricing information, and chemical formulae. (Well-known examples of trade secrets include the formula for Coca-Cola, the recipeContinue Reading

Center for Popular Economics

“The Center for Popular Economics is a nonprofit collective of political economists based in Amherst, MA. Since our founding in 1979, thousands of people have participated in our workshops and Institutes. Our programs and publications demystify the economy and put useful economic tools in the hands of people fighting for social and economic justice. WeContinue Reading

Publishers Gave Away over 120 Million Books During World War II

And, in the process, they created a nation of readers, Yoni Applebaum, The Atlantic: “In 1943, in the middle of the Second World War, America’s book publishers took an audacious gamble. They decided to sell the armed forces cheap paperbacks, shipped to units scattered around the globe. Instead of printing only the books soldiers andContinue Reading

New GAO Reports – Defense Planning, Education, DHS Training, USAID, Older Americans, Veterans Affairs

DEFENSE PLANNING: DOD Needs Specific Measures and Milestones to Gauge Progress of Preparations for Operational Access Challenges, GAO-14-801:  Published: Sep 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION: Status of Prior GAO Recommendations, GAO-14-848T: Published: Sep 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014. DHS TRAINING: Improved Documentation, Resource Tracking, and Performance Measurement Could Strengthen Efforts, GAO-14-688: Published: Sep 10, 2014.Continue Reading

The Crypto-democracy and the Trustworthy

Sebastien Gambs, Samuel Ranellucci, and Alain Tapp (Submitted on 8 Sep 2014).  Cite as: arXiv:1409.2432 “In the current architecture of the Internet, there is a strong asymmetry in terms of power between the entities that gather and process personal data (e.g., major Internet companies, telecom operators, cloud providers, …) and the individuals from which this personal data is issued. InContinue Reading

New GAO Reports – Crop Insurance, Defense Infrastructure, DOD Education Benefits, Medicaid, Contractor Controls, DoD Special Operations

CROP INSURANCE: Considerations in Reducing Federal Premium Subsidies, GAO-14-700: Published: Aug 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014. DEFENSE INFRASTRUCTURE: DOD Needs to Improve Its Efforts to Identify Unutilized and Underutilized Facilities, GAO-14-538: Published: Sep 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014. DOD EDUCATION BENEFITS: Action Is Needed to Ensure Evaluations of Postsecondary Schools Are Useful, GAO-14-855: Published: Sep 8, 2014. Publicly Released:Continue Reading

New on LLRX – Online tools to streamline your email

Via LLRX.com - Online tools to streamline your email - Nicole Black talks about email add-ons to assist busy lawyers respond more effectively to a continuous avalanche of communications that require sorting, prioritizing, tagging and timely actions. She highlights several effective online tools designed to solve these problems by integrating with your Gmail account and other programs as well.

Wikimedia Commons is now 10 years old – huge resource for free educational media

News release: “Wikimedia Commons is turning 10 years old [September 7, 2014] — will you help celebrate? We’re asking everyone to join the Wikimedia community by sharing a freely licensed image with world. Wikimedia Commons is one of the world’s largest resources of freely licensed educational media. It is the central repository of the majority of illustrations forContinue Reading