Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: Internet

Cybersecurity, Encryption and United States National Security Matters

Cybersecurity, Encryption and United States National Security Matters, Senate Armed Services Committee, September 13, 2016 (published September 2017), via FAS.

Steven Aftergood, Secrecy News: “What constitutes an act of war in the cyber domain? It’s a question that officials have wrestled with for some time without being able to provide a clear-cut answer. But in newly-published responses to questions from the Senate Armed Services Committee, the Pentagon ventured last year that “The determination of what constitutes an ‘act of war’ in or out of cyberspace, would be made on a case-by-case and fact-specific basis by the President.” “Specifically,” wrote then-Undersecretary of Defense (Intelligence) Marcel Lettre, “cyber attacks that proximately result in a significant loss of life, injury, destruction of critical infrastructure, or serious economic impact should be closely assessed as to whether or not they would be considered an unlawful attack or an ‘act of war.'” Notably absent from this description is election-tampering or information operations designed to disrupt the electoral process or manipulate public discourse. Accordingly, Mr. Lettre declared last year that “As of this point, we have not assessed that any particular cyber activity [against] us has constituted an act of war.”

Women are more concerned than men about gender discrimination in tech industry

Pew – “Women in the U.S. are substantially more likely than men to say gender discrimination is a major problem in the technology industry, according to a Pew Research Center survey conducted in July and August. The survey comes amid public debate about underrepresentation and treatment of women – as well as racial and ethnic… Continue Reading

Pen America Report – Faking News: Fraudulent News and the Fight for Truth

“Warning that the spread of “fake news” is reaching a crisis point, Faking News: Fraudulent News and the Fight for Truth evaluates the array of strategies that Facebook, Google, Twitter, newsrooms, and civil society are undertaking to address the problem, stressing solutions that empower news consumers while vigilantly avoiding new infringements on free speech. Faking News… Continue Reading

Guide on How to Transcribe YouTube Videos Automatically

Karrar Haider via Hongkiat: “A lot of us may not know but YouTube comes with many useful features like translation for titles and description and YouTube keyboard shortcuts etc. Similarly, there are ways with which you can transcribe YouTube videos. As nowadays, the speech recognition software have improved a lot, you can get a reliable… Continue Reading

Internet Archives Syncing Catalogs with thousands of Libraries in 120 Countries through OCLC

Internet Archives: “We are pleased to announce that the Internet Archive and OCLC have agreed to synchronize the metadata describing our digital books with OCLC’s WorldCat. WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of thousands of libraries in more than 120 countries that participate in the OCLC global cooperative. What does this mean… Continue Reading

Paper – Enabling Competition & Innovation on a City Fiber Network

Enabling Competition & Innovation on a City Fiber Network October 5, 2017. Download from DASH – Download from SSRN. Authored by Paddy Leerssen and David Talbot “This case study of Ammon, Idaho’s city-run fiber-optic network describes an unusual strategy for encouraging retail Internet service competition and innovation. Cities, towns and counties seeking to help their… Continue Reading

Thomson Reuters Podcast – Dangers of Public Wi-Fi

Legal Current – “Free wi-fi is widely available and tempting to use, especially when traveling.  Hotels, airports, coffee shops, even NYC subway stations provide it. But the dangers of public wi-fi are many-fold.  Not only are they hunting grounds for hackers, but a new report from security firm FireEye claims a Russian hacker group known… Continue Reading

NISO Publishes Standards Tag Suite (NISO STS) Standard

NISO news release: “The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) announces the publication of a new American National Standard, STS: Standards Tag Suite, ANSI/NISO Z39.102-2017 <http://www.niso.org/standards/z39.102-2017>. The purpose of this “standard for standards,” which will be known as NISO STS, is to define a suite of XML elements and attributes that describes the full-text content and… Continue Reading

Video toolkit provides instruction on repelling fake tweeters

Poynter – Henk Van Ess: “This video toolkit is intended to help you debunk dubious tweets. It was first developed in research by the Institute for Strategic Dialogue and the Arena Program at the London School of Economics to detect Russian social media influence during the German elections. It was also the basis for a… Continue Reading

Pew Report – Automation in Everyday Life

Americans express more worry than enthusiasm about coming developments in automation – from driverless vehicles to a world in which machines perform many jobs currently done by humans “Advances in robotics and artificial intelligence have the potential to automate a wide range of human activities and to dramatically reshape the way that Americans live and… Continue Reading

Northeastern University – What’s New – Fake News and the Next Generation

“It’s been a decade since the rise of Facebook and Twitter began to replace our shared news consciousness with personalized social media. Today’s college freshmen were just eight when the iPhone was released, destined to become a constant companion with these new sources of information. What is next generation’s view of the news like? How… Continue Reading

Google – First, Flexible Sampling will replace First Click Free for Articles

Google Blog: “Journalism provides accurate and timely information when it matters most, shaping our understanding of important issues and pushing us to learn more in search of the truth. People come to Google looking for high-quality content, and our job is to help them find it. However, sometimes that content is behind a paywall. While… Continue Reading