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Category Archives: Poverty

Toward the control of cancer – issues opportunities screening and treatment

“Cancer is a devastating disease. It is estimated that 1.7 million Americans will be diagnosed with cancer in 2018 and approximately 610,000 will die of it. Cancer does not discriminate. It affects humans of all ages, races, and ethnicities. Although virtually everyone is at risk for developing and dying from cancer, the burden of this disease is not equal. Substantial disparities have been present for years. Bridging these disparities defines a central challenge for our nation’s cancer control efforts. Despite a 25‐year decline in the cancer mortality rate, cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States and will surpass cardiovascular disease to become the leading cause of death in the next decade. Review of the progress to date indicates that, although much good has been done, much more good can be done. Since 1991, there has been a 26% decline in the cancer death rate age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population. There are more than 15.5 million cancer survivors in the United States. Given the challenge that still exists, it is appropriate to assess where the fields of cancer control and oncology have come from and where they are going, what issues must be dealt with, and what interventions must be implemented if we are to most efficiently control cancer. Over the past 5 decades, there has been an extraordinary investment in cancer research that has led to a greater understanding of the disease. Indeed, cancer is being redefined. We are literally moving from the mid‐19th century definition based on histopathology to a 21st century definition of cancer that also includes genomic information. Past investments in basic research are yielding better diagnostic and screening technologies and leading to new approaches to treatment. Molecular biology provides the foundation for new treatments in precision medicine. Decades of immunology research are showing us ways to effectively harness the patient’s immune system and encourage it to attack their cancer. At the same time, a better understanding of carcinogenesis is allowing for improved cancer prevention. doi: 10.3322/caac.21461. Available online at cacancerjournal.com

In the next several issues of CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, the American Cancer Society will publish a series of articles assessing trends in cancer mortality [Free Access] and issues and opportunities in cancer prevention, screening, and treatment. These articles summarize where we have come from, the current state of cancer in the United States, and how more consistent and equitable application of currently available interventions can further reduce the cancer incidence and death rates. When there are sufficient data to make a projection, estimates of the potential effect of cancer control interventions are included. Of course, we must continue to support scientific research and innovation, as the future promises even greater benefit…”

HHS Report – Economic Opportunity and the Opioid Crisis: Geographic and Economic Trends

“This study examines relationships between indicators of economic opportunity and the prevalence of prescription opioids and substance use in the United States. We have three primary findings: The prevalence of drug overdose deaths and opioid prescriptions has risen unevenly across the county, with rural areas more heavily impacted. Specific geographic areas, such as Appalachia, parts… Continue Reading

UN representative reports on extreme poverty and human rights on his mission to US

Via Common Dreams: “The United Nations has released a scathing report on poverty and inequality in the United States. The findings, which will be presented to the U.N. Human Rights Council on June 21, follow an official visit to the United States by Philip Alston, the U.N. special rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights,… Continue Reading

Mayors & CEOs for U.S. Housing Investment

Curbed: “Why isn’t homelessness seen as a national crisis? Cities call on the federal government to confront the growing numbers of homeless residents…The group, called Mayors & CEOs for U.S. Housing Investment, intends to work with HUD to make sure cities don’t lose federal dollars, and come up with new and innovative ways to fund… Continue Reading

World Bank Report Finds Rise in Global Wealth, but Inequality Persists

“Global wealth grew significantly over the past two decades but per capita wealth declined or stagnated in more than two dozen countries in various income brackets, says a new World Bank report. Going beyond traditional measures such as GDP, the report uses wealth to monitor countries’ economic progress and sustainability. The Changing Wealth of Nations… Continue Reading

Oxfam – The State of Inequality in the World

“Our new report about the state of inequality in the world reveals how our economy is delivering unimaginable rewards for those at the top by exploiting millions of ordinary workers at the bottom…Last year saw the biggest increase in billionaires in history, one more every two days. This huge increase could have ended global extreme… Continue Reading

U.S. Welfare Reform Efforts Have Been Based on an Availability of Work that Doesn’t Always Exist

“Hilary W. Hoynes, an NBER research associate and professor of economics and public policy at the University of California, Berkeley, specializes in the study of poverty, food and nutrition programs, and the impacts of government tax and transfer programs on low income families. In this video, she outlines successes and failures of federal efforts to… Continue Reading

World Inequality Report 2018

“The World Inequality Report 2018 relies on a cutting-edge methodology to measure income and wealth inequality in a systematic and transparent manner. By developing this report, the World Inequality Lab seeks to fill a democratic gap and to equip various actors of society with the necessary facts to engage in informed public debates on inequality. … Continue Reading

Visualizing Unequal Distribution of Gun Violence in the US

The Guardian: “The map of America’s gun violence epidemic can seem overwhelming. There were more than 13,000 gun homicides in the US in 2015, across nearly 3,500 cities and towns. But the toll of this gun violence was not distributed equally. Half of America’s gun homicides in 2015 were clustered in just 127 cities and… Continue Reading

Massive new data set suggests economic inequality is about to get even worse

Washington Post – “…inquiries into how fast wealth grows relative to the economy have been hampered by a lack of good, complete, comparable long-term data on the rates of return for various assets: stocks, bonds, real estate and the like. You’d want this to know what you’d expect a “natural” rate of return to be in… Continue Reading

UN Special Rapporteur report on extreme poverty and human rights in US

– Statement on Visit to the USA, by Professor Philip Alston, United Nations Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, December 15, 2017. “I have spent the past two weeks visiting the United States, at the invitation of the federal government, to look at whether the persistence of extreme poverty in America undermines the… Continue Reading

The Human Cost of the Ghost Economy

The Human Cost of the Ghost Economy Melissa Chadburn | Longreads | December 2017 | “Last year I worked undercover at a temp agency in Los Angeles. While I took the assignment for an article I was working on, I’d also been unemployed for over a year. It seemed I was in that middling space of… Continue Reading