Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Category Archives: AI

The Cautious Path to Strategic Advantage: How Militaries Should Plan for AI

EFF White Paper: “In June, Google executives announced that the company would be backing away from its provision of AI services to the U.S. military drone program, and would not continue that work after the Project Maven contract is completed. This was in response to a campaign from Google’s own employees, with thousands calling on the company to discontinue its new defense contracting work, and some even beginning to resign over the issue. The new AI ethics principles that Google adopted in response to the debate go beyond military questions, but they do potentially place important limits on whether the company would assist in command, control, or intelligence analysis for weapons systems or other military applications. The principles may well become a model for other major technology companies. But regardless of any actions taken by the big tech companies, the U.S. and other governments have plenty of their own resources to assemble machine learning initiatives. This includes working with companies that have much less cultural accountability to the public, consumers, or even their own engineering staff than Google does. And whether governments are acting alone, with Silicon Valley or with other companies, militaries and their contractors need to carefully consider potential dangers, and weigh the consequences of different technology development paths, before going “all in” on AI and machine learning…”

AI is bringing a new set of rules to knowledge work

Thomson Reuters – When things go digital, they start following a new set of rules. “The rules of the physical world are either not applicable or are severely diminished. Things move from sparsity to abundance, where consumption does not lead to depletion. To the contrary, the more an object is consumed, the more valuable it… Continue Reading

Automatic Transliteration Can Help Alexa Find Data Across Language Barriers

Alexa Blog: “As Alexa-enabled devices continue to expand into new countries, finding information across languages that use different scripts becomes a more pressing challenge. For example, a Japanese music catalogue may contain names written in English or the various scripts used in Japanese — Kanji, Katakana, or Hiragana. When an Alexa customer, from anywhere in… Continue Reading

Table of Disruptive Technologies

Tech Foresight: “A dashboard of 100 wonderful, weird (and possibly worrying) ways the world might change in the foreseeable future. The purpose of this publication is to make individuals and institutions future ready. Also, to make people think, at least periodically. It is a mixture of prediction and provocation intended to stimulate debate, but be… Continue Reading

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Education

CRS report via FAS: Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Education, August 1, 2018: “Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Education Educational tools enabled by AI have recently attracted attention for their potential to improve education quality and enhance traditional teaching and learning methods. Although there is no single consensus definition, AI generally allows computers to perform tasks that… Continue Reading

Quicksilver, helping improve Wikipedia’s science coverage & gender bias

Wired: “Miriam Adelson is an accomplished physician who has published around a hundred research papers on the physiology and treatment of addiction. She also runs a high-profile substance-abuse clinic in Las Vegas. Oh, and she’s the publisher of Israel’s largest newspaper and, with her billionaire husband Sheldon, a philanthropist and influential Republican party donor. Yet… Continue Reading

Do a robot’s social skills and its objection discourage interactants from switching the robot off?

Do a robot’s social skills and its objection discourage interactants from switching the robot off?. Aike C. Horstmann, Nikolai Bock, Eva Linhuber, Jessica M. Szczuka, Carolin Straßmann, Nicole C. Krämer. PLOS .Published: July 31, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0201581 “Building on the notion that people respond to media as if they were real, switching off a robot which… Continue Reading

Subjects: AI

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to Accelerate Translational Research

“The big data revolution, accompanied by the development and deployment of wearable medical devices and mobile health applications, has enabled the biomedical community to apply artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning algorithms to vast amounts of data. This shift has created new research opportunities in predictive analytics, precision medicine, virtual diagnosis, patient monitoring, and drug… Continue Reading

Comparing Men and Women in Parliament – data analysis about gender representation

The Pudding – What 1.2 million parliamentary speeches can teach us about gender representation. “100 Years of Women in the House of Commons – This year marks a century since some women in the United Kingdom were awarded the right to vote in and stand for elections. Since then, 490 different women have represented their… Continue Reading

Paper – Replacing Law with Computer Code

Micheler, Eva and Whaley, Anna, Regulatory Technology – Replacing Law with Computer Code (July 9, 2018). LSE Legal Studies Working Paper No. 14/2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3210962 “Recently both the Bank of England and the Financial Conduct Authority have carried out experiments using new digital technology for regulatory purposes. The idea is to replace rules… Continue Reading

Big changes are underway in the world of Natural Language Processing (NLP)

The Gradient – NLP’s ImageNet moment has arrived: “Big changes are underway in the world of Natural Language Processing (NLP). The long reign of word vectors as NLP’s core representation technique has seen an exciting new line of challengers emerge: ELMo, ULMFiT, and the OpenAI transformer. These works made headlines by demonstrating that pretrained language… Continue Reading

Subjects: AI

This Twitterbot keeps you up-to-date on fires burning near you

FastCompany: “As fire seasons in the U.S. gets hotter and drier, a new Twitterbot will show you if a wildfire is burning near your house, where the fire is headed, and if a plume of smoke is traveling in your direction by posting an updated time-lapse video and infrared images every six hours. The tool,… Continue Reading