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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

ISOO 2016 Annual Report to the President

“Today, the Information Security Oversight Office of the National Archives (ISOO) released online its Report to the President for Fiscal Year (FY) 2016.  This annual report includes information on government agencies’ security classification activities and costs, and provides an update on the implementation of the Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) program.  This annual report was mandated by Executive Order 13526, Classified National Security Information.

FY 2016 report highlights:

Classification Activity:

  • A 27 percent decrease in original classification activity, for a 2016 total of 39,240 decisions.
  • A 5 percent increase in derivative classification action, up to 55,206,368 decisions.

Declassification Activity:

  • Under automatic, systematic, and discretionary declassification review, agencies reviewed 102,172,703 pages and declassified 43,943,600 pages of historically valuable records.  This was a 17 percent increase in the number of pages reviewed and 19 percent increase in the number of pages declassified.
  • Agencies reviewed 248,413 pages under mandatory declassification review and declassified 117,453 pages in their entirety, declassified 92,678 pages in part, and retained classification of 38,282 pages in full.

CUI background and implementation:

ISOO published the CUI Federal regulation (32 CFR part 2002) in the Federal Register on September 14, 2016.  This regulation promotes the protection of CUI, appropriate information sharing, and consistent safeguarding and dissemination practices.
ISOO helps agencies implement the CUI program by:
Conducting formal appraisals of existing agency practices;
Consulting with executive branch agencies and supporting elements (i.e., component agencies and non-Federal entities) on strategies and practices related to implementation; and
Raising awareness of key CUI program elements, timelines, and requirements through briefings, training sessions, and panel discussions.

Industrial Security:

The National Industrial Security Program Policy Advisory Committee (NISPPAC) established an Insider Threat working group to facilitate information sharing within security agencies on insider threat programs. ISOO Director Mark Bradley chairs this Committee and appoints its members.

ISOO is updating the Directive on Safeguarding Classified National Security Information (32 CFR part 2004).

The Information Security Oversight Office, established in 1978, is responsible to the President for overseeing the Government-wide security classification program, and receives policy and program guidance from the National Security Council.  ISOO has been part of the National Archives since 1995 and includes :

The Classification Management Staff develops security classification policies for classifying, declassifying and safeguarding national security information generated in Government and industry.
The Industry and Operations Staff evaluates the effectiveness of the security classification programs established by Government and industry to protect information vital to our national security interests.
The Controlled Unclassified Information Staff develops standardized Controlled Unclassified Information policies and procedures to protect sensitive information through effective data access and control measures.”

Humans collectively speaks over 7,000 distinct languages

The Conversation: “…People don’t speak one universal language, or even a handful. Instead, today our species collectively speaks over 7,000 distinct languages. And these languages are not spread randomly across the planet. For example, far more languages are found in tropical regions than in the temperate zones. The tropical island of New Guinea is home… Continue Reading

Archiving BBC’s website and social media output

BBC Internet Blog: “BBC Archives has a remit to archive output with historical, cultural and production re-use value. Carl Davies is part of the Digital Archives Services team, and gives an insight into how such a broad range of online content is captured and saved in the archive…The BBC tries to maintain and keep older… Continue Reading

Internet Archive TV News Lab Tests Facial Recognition to Alert Viewers

Internet Archive Blogs: “Working with Matroid, a California-based start up specializing in identifying people and objects in images and video, the Internet Archive’s TV News Archive today releases Face-O-Matic, an experimental public service that alerts users via a Slack app whenever the faces of President Donald Trump and congressional leaders appear on major TV news… Continue Reading

Challenges & Trends in Public Sector IT Operations: United States

Ponemon Institute© Research Report, Challenges & Trends in Public Sector IT Operations: United States. DevOps fuels optimism despite declining confidence, July 2017 “Public sector organizations are feeling the pains of digital transformation. Faced with modernization, data center upgrades and continuous cloud-first initiatives, this transformation of the IT environment is making it a challenge to deliver… Continue Reading

CEO Action for Diversity & Inclusion

“The CEO Action for Diversity & Inclusion™ aims to rally the business community to advance diversity and inclusion within the workplace by working collectively across organizations and sectors. It outlines a specific set of actions the undersigned companies will take to cultivate a trusting environment where all ideas are welcomed and employees feel comfortable and… Continue Reading

Does a presentation’s medium affect its message? PowerPoint, Prezi, and oral presentations

Moulton ST, Turkay S, Kosslyn SM (2017) Does a presentation’s medium affect its message? PowerPoint, Prezi, and oral presentations. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0178774. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178774 “Despite the prevalence of PowerPoint in professional and educational presentations, surprisingly little is known about how effective such presentations are. All else being equal, are PowerPoint presentations better than purely oral… Continue Reading

Paper – Troops, Trolls and Troublemakers: A Global Inventory of Organized Social Media Manipulation

Samantha Bradshaw & Philip N. Howard, Troops, Trolls and Troublemakers: A Global Inventory of Organized Social Media Manipulation. Samuel Woolley and Philip N. Howard, Eds. Working Paper 2017.12. Oxford, UK: Project on Computational Propaganda. comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk http://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/. 37 pp. “Cyber troops are government, military or political party teams committed to manipulating public opinion over social media.… Continue Reading

One of world’s largest atlases now digitized and available online via British Library

Watch the British Library Digitize One of the World’s Largest Books Watch how curators and imaging technicians photographed the Klencke Atlas, one of the world’s largest maps and a treasure of the British Library – YouTube King’s Topographical Collection Cataloguing and Digitisation – This project is cataloguing and digitising George III’s collection of around 30–40,000… Continue Reading

LC Online Exhibition – Drawing Justice: The Art of Courtroom Illustration

“Drawing Justice: The Art of Courtroom Illustration showcases the Library’s extensive collections of original art by talented artists hired by both newspapers and television to capture the personal dynamics of legal trials. Skilled at quickly conveying both individual likenesses and the atmosphere of the courtroom, these artists reveal, in intimate detail, the dramatic and, at… Continue Reading

Stronger Together: Increasing Connections Between Academic and Public Libraries

Stronger Together: Increasing Connections Between Academic and Public Libraries, Maureen Richards, John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Collaborative Librarianship. Vol. 9: Iss. 2, Article 10. (2017) “Much has been written about collaborations between public and academic libraries. These collaborations generally take the form of joint libraries, special programs or consortia. They are motivated by the… Continue Reading

Paper – Metadata: The Most Potent Weapon in This Cyber War

Institute for Critical Infrastructure Technology – “Metadata, or “data about data,” is collected and recorded to describe data, identify trends, administer algorithmic solutions, and model potential scenarios. When one understands how to make sense of seemingly random metadata or how to pair the data with other exfiltrated data pools, there are limitless possibilities for social… Continue Reading