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Category Archives: Knowledge Management

Commentary – The Shallowness of Google Translate

The Atlantic: The Shallowness of Google Translate – The program uses state-of-the-art AI techniques, but simple tests show that it’s a long way from real understanding.

“…The practical utility of Google Translate and similar technologies is undeniable, and probably it’s a good thing overall, but there is still something deeply lacking in the approach, which is conveyed by a single word: understanding. Machine translation has never focused on understanding language. Instead, the field has always tried to “decode”—to get away without worrying about what understanding and meaning are. Could it in fact be that understanding isn’t needed in order to translate well? Could an entity, human or machine, do high-quality translation without paying attention to what language is all about? To shed some light on this question, I turn now to the experiments I made…It’s hard for a human, with a lifetime of experience and understanding and of using words in a meaningful way, to realize how devoid of content all the words thrown onto the screen by Google Translate are. It’s almost irresistible for people to presume that a piece of software that deals so fluently with words must surely know what they mean. This classic illusion associated with artificial-intelligence programs is called the “Eliza effect,” since one of the first programs to pull the wool over people’s eyes with its seeming understanding of English, back in the 1960s, was a vacuous phrase manipulator called Eliza, which pretended to be a psychotherapist, and as such, it gave many people who interacted with it the eerie sensation that it deeply understood their innermost feelings…”

The 2018 World’s Most Ethical Companies® Honoree List

“Since 2007, Ethisphere has honored the World’s Most Ethical Companies who recognize their critical role to influence and drive positive change in the business community and societies around the world and work to maximize their impact wherever possible. In 2018, 135 companies are being honored from 23 countries and 57 industries. Among the list are… Continue Reading

GPO Handouts from ALA’s Midwinter Meeting

“Several representatives from GPO’s Library Services & Content Management unit took part in the American Library Association’s Midwinter Meeting in Atlanta, Georgia this January. Staff members presented information on a variety of Federal Depository Library Program topics and shared a number of handouts, which are now available on FDLP.gov.” Library Technical Services Update Library Services… Continue Reading

Paper – Text mining 101

EU OpenMinted Project Paper – What is text mining, how does it work and why is it useful? “This article will help you understand the basics in just a few minutes. Text mining seeks to extract useful and important information from heterogeneous document formats, such as web pages, emails, social media posts, journal articles, etc. This… Continue Reading

Polk Awards recognize The Post’s coverage of Roy Moore and Trump campaign’s Russia ties

Washington Post: “Washington Post reporter Stephanie McCrummen was in Alabama working on a story about supporters of Republican Senate candidate Roy Moore when she first heard a rumor over lunch that Moore — while working as an assistant district attorney decades ago — had allegedly pursued and sexually assaulted teenage girls in the Gadsden area.… Continue Reading

New on LLRX – Learning from tech

Via LLRX – Learning from tech – Anna McGrane, COO of PacerPro, shares her insights on a 200 hour coding program structured to encourage participation in the training and the value of the learning environment. McGrane describes key takeaways from the training that we can borrow and apply in the legal sector. Continue Reading

What if technology could help improve conversations online?

“Discussing things you care about can be difficult. The threat of abuse and harassment online means that many people stop expressing themselves and give up on seeking different opinions. Introducing Perspective – Perspective is an API that makes it easier to host better conversations. The API uses machine learning models to score the perceived impact… Continue Reading

USNews – Overall Best Countries Ranking

Methodology: How the 2018 Best Countries Were Ranked – “Behind a country’s wealth and success are the policies that create possibilities, the people that drive the effort and the history that shapes the environment and perspective. Globalization has expanded a country’s presence beyond its physical borders, and the 2018 Best Countries rankings seek to understand… Continue Reading

Advances in Financial Machine Learning (Chapter 1)

Lopez de Prado, Marcos, Advances in Financial Machine Learning (Chapter 1) (January 18, 2018). Advances in Financial Machine Learning, Wiley, 1st Edition (2018); ISBN: 978-1-119-48208-6. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3104847 “Machine learning (ML) is changing virtually every aspect of our lives. Today ML algorithms accomplish tasks that until recently only expert humans could perform. As it… Continue Reading

The Hill – Lawmakers worry about rise of fake video technology

The Hill: “Lawmakers are concerned that advances in video manipulation technology could set off a new era of fake news. Now legislators say they want to start working on fixes to the problem before it’s too late. Technology experts have begun to sound the alarm on the new software, which lets users take existing videos… Continue Reading

Tracking Trump – President’s Approval State by State, Month by Month

“On a daily basis, Morning Consult asks registered voters across the country what they think about President Trump. Every month we release those numbers to provide a detailed understanding of how Trump is viewed in all 50 states and Washington, D.C., benchmarked against previous results. To date, this project is based on more than 800,000… Continue Reading

Data journalism and the ethics of publishing Twitter data

Data Driven Journalism: “Collecting and publishing data collected from social media sites such as Twitter are everyday practices for the data journalist. Recent findings from Cardiff University’s Social Data Science Lab question the practice of publishing Twitter content without seeking some form of informed consent from users beforehand. Researchers found that tweets collected around certain topics, such as… Continue Reading