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Category Archives: HIV/AIDS

US Census Bureau International Data Base

The International Data Base (IDB) was developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide access to accurate and timely demographic measures for populations around the world. The database includes a comprehensive set of indicators, as produced by the U.S. Census Bureau since the 1960s. Through sponsorship from various U.S. Government agencies, the IDB is updated on a regular basis to provide information needed for research, program planning, and policy-making decisions, in the U.S. and globally.

Data included in the IDB consist of indicators developed from censuses, surveys, administrative records, and special measures of HIV/AIDS-related mortality. Through evaluation and adjustment of data from these sources, measures of population, mortality, fertility, and net migration are estimated for current and past years and then used as the basis for projections to 2050.

The IDB provides estimates and projections for 228 countries and areas which have populations of 5,000 or more and as recognized by the U.S. Department of State. Population size (by single year of age and sex) and components of change (fertility, mortality, and migration) are provided from an initial or base year through 2050, for each calendar year. This level of detail provides an important foundation for tracking the demographic impacts of HIV/AIDS and related conditions, as well as events of concern that are affecting populations around the globe…”

Massive Government Report Says Climate Change Caused by Humans

NPR: “It is “extremely likely” that human activities are the “dominant cause” of global warming, according to the most comprehensive study ever of climate science by U.S. government researchers. The climate report, obtained by NPR, notes that the past 115 years are “the warmest in the history of modern civilization.” The global average temperature has… Continue Reading

How Many Adults Identify as Transgender in the US?

The Williams Institute, June 2016: “Population-based surveys, meaning those that are designed to allow researchers to generalize findings to the population, rarely ask questions to identify transgender people and, therefore, cannot be used to provide estimates of the size and characteristics of the transgender population. The federal government administers several large, national population-based surveys like… Continue Reading

Annual Update for HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base in Its 30th Year

“This annual update of the interactive global resource on the prevalence of HIV infection and AIDS cases and deaths coincides with the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa. First developed in 1987, this marks 30 years of database releases. The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base is a compilation of information from widely scattered small-scale… Continue Reading

JAMA – HIV Awareness and Testing, 2013 AND 2014

“This Visualizing Health Policy infographic (no fee) provides a snapshot of HIV-related awareness and experiences among adults in the United States and 2 demographic groups that make up a disproportionate share of people with HIV: black adults and gay and bisexual men. In 2014, 4 in 10 black adults, and more than half of gay… Continue Reading

Mortality spikes among white women 25-55 in center of US

Via Washington Post: “White women between 25 and 55 have been dying at accelerating rates over the past decade, a spike in mortality not seen since the AIDS epidemic in the early 1980s. According to recent studies of death certificates, the trend is worse for women in the center of the United States, worse still… Continue Reading

New research corrects the history of HIV epidemic in America

‘Patient Zero’ no more, Jon Cohen, Science  04 Mar 2016: Vol. 351, Issue 6277, pp. 1013 DOI: 10.1126/science.351.6277.1013 “A new genetic study of HIV isolated from blood samples taken in the late 1970s clarifies where and when the epidemic began in the United States—and it does not involve a man infamously labeled as “Patient Zero.”… Continue Reading

The U.S. Congress and Global Health: A Primer

Kaiser Family Foundation – “The U.S. Congress, the legislative body of the U.S. government (USG), plays an important role in determining and shaping the government’s global health policy and programs. Although only one of many USG entities involved in global health, its engagement has been particularly notable over the last 15 years, which have been… Continue Reading

WONDER online databases utilize a rich ad-hoc query system for the analysis of public health data

CDC WONDER: Information and Communication – “Welcome to CDC WONDER — Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research — an easy-to-use, menu-driven system that makes the information resources of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) available to public health professionals and the public at large. It provides access to a wide array of public… Continue Reading

The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Kaiser Family Foundation – “HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome has become one of the world’s most serious health and development challenges. The first cases were reported in 1981 and today. There are approximately 36.9 million people currently living with HIV and tens of millions of people have died of AIDS-related causes… Continue Reading

CDC – Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV

CDC Vital Signs, November 24, 2015 – “Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medicine taken daily that can be used to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is for people without HIV who are at very high risk for getting it from sex or injection drug use. People at high risk who should be offered PrEP include about… Continue Reading

Drug Offenders in Federal Prisons: Estimates of Characteristics Based on Linked Data

“More than half (54 percent) of drug offenders in federal custody at yearend 2012 were serving sentences for powder or crack cocaine, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) reported in a study released today. Methamphetamine offenders (24 percent) accounted for the next largest share of drug offenders, followed by marijuana (12 percent) and heroin (6… Continue Reading