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Category Archives: Libraries

Digital Preservation Policy Framework: A Case Study

Digital Preservation Policy Framework: A Case Study by Daniel W. Noonan. Educause Review Online, July 28, 2014.

“Digital preservation can be defined as the combination of policies, strategies and actions to ensure access to and accurate rendering of authenticated reformatted and born digital content over time regardless of the challenges of media failure and technological change. Graham suggests that for “…the scholarly community to give serious weight to electronic information depends upon its trust in such information being dependably available, with authenticity and integrity maintained.” To effectively accomplish the activities of digital preservation, an institution or organization should have a digital preservation policy that articulates and institutionalizes its commitment to their preservation strategies and actions. Historically, archives and libraries have articulated — in policies and procedures — the process for the preservation of the paper-based documents and analog objects within their institutions. As Marcum noted in 1996, “Preservation is a fundamental responsibility of libraries and archives of record. To be sure, the preservation imperative has been imperfectly carried out in the print environment, but the problem grows even more complicated in the digital world.” Just because the process of digital preservation might be more complicated, does anyone really need a policy for digital preservation separate from their institution’s preservation policy for books, manuscripts, and/or physical objects? There is a fundamental difference in trying to preserve paper-based and/or analog objects and digital objects; the Society of American Archivists’ definition for preservation states:

  1. The professional discipline of protecting materials by minimizing chemical and physical deterioration and damage to minimize the loss of information and to extend the life of cultural property.
  2. The act of keeping from harm, injury, decay, or destruction, especially through noninvasive treatment.

This definition infers the preservation of the original artifact or object, whereas the previously defined objective of digital preservation “…is the accurate rendering of authenticated…content over time.” By definition, digital preservation does not necessarily guarantee “preservation” of the actual digital artifact or object, but its informational value and how it is rendered and accessed. Consequently, digital preservation is significantly different enough from traditional preservation to warrant a dedicated policy.”

Radical Librarianship: how ninja librarians are ensuring patrons’ electronic privacy

Via Boing Boing, by Alison Macrina and April Glaser: “Librarians in Massachusetts are working to give their patrons a chance to opt-out of pervasive surveillance. Partnering with the ACLU of Massachusetts, area librarians have been teaching and taking workshops on how freedom of speech and the right to privacy are compromised by the surveillance of onlineContinue Reading

Libraries may digitize books without permission, EU top court rules

Loek Essers - PC World: “European libraries may digitize books and make them available at electronic reading points without first gaining consent of the copyright holder, the highest European Union court ruled Thursday. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ruled in a case in which the Technical University of Darmstadt digitized a book published byContinue Reading

Publishers Gave Away over 120 Million Books During World War II

And, in the process, they created a nation of readers, Yoni Applebaum, The Atlantic: “In 1943, in the middle of the Second World War, America’s book publishers took an audacious gamble. They decided to sell the armed forces cheap paperbacks, shipped to units scattered around the globe. Instead of printing only the books soldiers andContinue Reading

Younger Americans and Public Libraries

“Younger Americans—those ages 16-29—especially fascinate researchers and organizations because of their advanced technology habits, their racial and ethnic diversity, their looser relationships to institutions such as political parties and organized religion, and the ways in which their social attitudes differ from their elders. This report pulls together several years of research into the role of libraries inContinue Reading

Links, languages and semantics – Paper

Links, languages and semantics: linked data approaches in The European Library and Europeana. Valentine Charles, Nuno Freire, Antoine Isaac. Submitted on: 8/11/2014, IFLA 2014. “The European Library and Europeana have both an extensive experience in aggregating metadata for bibliographical records or digital resources from the cultural heritage institutions of Europe. For both of them meeting the challenges offeredContinue Reading

Internet Archive Book Images – millions of copyright-free images

Internet Archives: “An American academic is creating a searchable database of 12 million historic copyright-free images. Kalev Leetaru has already uploaded 2.6 million pictures to Flickr, use the link above to see the millions of hard to find historic images all for free now on line.” Also from Internet Archives, see also: “Open Library is anContinue Reading

Collections of Distinction: Ice Cream Parlors, Gandy Dancers, Ragga and More

Via OCLC, Collections of Distinction: Ice Cream Parlors, Gandy Dancers, Ragga and More: “This grouping of preeminent collections represents just a sample of the unique resources available in public libraries. These rich and varied collections include a mix of books, pamphlets, manuals, photographs, music and more. The public libraries listed have the distinction of holding the greatestContinue Reading

Open Intellectual Property Casebook

“Duke’s Center for the Study of the Public Domain is announcing the publication of Intellectual Property: Law & the Information Society—Cases and Materials by James Boyle and Jennifer Jenkins. This book, the first in a series of Duke Open Coursebooks, is available for free download under a Creative Commons license. It can also be purchased in a glossy paperback printContinue Reading

Readers absorb less on Kindles than on paper, study finds

Research suggests that recall of plot after using an e-reader is poorer than with traditional book, Alison Flood - The Guardian “A new study which found that readers using a Kindle were “significantly” worse than paperback readers at recalling when events occurred in a mystery story is part of major new Europe-wide research looking at the impact of digitisationContinue Reading

Why You Should Talk to the Librarians

Paula Krebes, Dean, College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Bridgewater State University: “If you haven’t spent a good few hours going over your syllabi with a librarian trained in your subject area, you’re shortchanging your course and your students (and yourself). Librarians keep up with the technology in your field. They know the campus holdings and canContinue Reading

New on LLRX – Case Law in an Era of Heightened Scrutiny

Via LLRX.com - Case Law in an Era of Heightened Scrutiny - Ken Strutin’s documents the scope of sources that encompass a critical issue that has recently repeatedly surfaced in mass media and the legal press – the fact that judicial decisions are believed to embody legal reasoning, societal values and support the foundations of our legal system. ForContinue Reading