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Linked Data in Libraries: A Case Study of Harvesting and Sharing Bibliographic Metadata with BIBFRAM

Linked Data in Libraries: A Case Study of Harvesting and Sharing  Bibliographic Metadata with BIBFRAME, Karim Tharani. INFORMATION  TECHNOLOGY  AND  LIBRARIES  |  MARCH  2015

“By  way of a case study, this paper illustrates and evaluates the Bibliographic Framework (or BIBFRAME) as means for harvesting and sharing bibliographic metadata over the web for libraries.  BIBFRAME  is an emerging framework developed by  the Library of Congress for  bibliographic description based on Linked Data. Much like Semantic Web,  the goal of  Linked  Data is to make the web  “data aware” and transform the existing web of documents into a  web of data. Linked Data leverages the existing web infrastructure and allows linking and sharing  of  structured data for human and machine consumption. The BIBFRAME model attempts to contextualize the Linked Data technology for libraries.  Library applications and systems contain  high-quality structured metadata, but this data is generally static in its presentation and seldom integrated with other internal metadata sources or linked to external web  resources.  With BIBFRAME existing disparate library metadata sources such as catalogs and digital collections can be harvested and integrated over the web.  In  addition, bibliographic data enriched with Linked Data could offer richer navigational control and access points for users.  With Linked Data principles, metadata from libraries could also become harvestable by search engines, transforming dormant catalogs and digital collections into  active knowledge repositories.  Thus experimenting  with  Linked  Data  using  existing  bibliographic metadata holds  the  potential to empower  libraries  to  harness  the  reach  of  commercial search engines to continuously discover, navigate,  and  obtain  new  domain  specific  knowledge  resources  on  the  basis  of  their  verified  metadata. The initial part of the paper introduces BIBFRAME and discusses Linked  Data in the context of libraries.  The final part of this paper outlines and  illustrates a  step-­by-­step process for implementing BIBFRAME with  existing  library metadata.”

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