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New LC Report on Safety, Security of Artificial Intelligence Systems

In Custodia Legis: “The use of artificial intelligence (AI) has increased exponentially and is permeating every aspect of our lives, from personal to professional. While it can be used in many positive ways to solve global challenges, there are also security risks to be considered, such as fundamental rights infringements, personal data security, and harmful uses. In order to ensure that AI systems are used to benefit society, jurisdictions worldwide are looking into ways to regulate AI. The Global Legal Research Directorate (GLRD) of the Law Library of Congress recently completed research on legal requirements related to the safety and security of AI systems in Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU)New Zealand, and the United Kingdom (UK). We are excited to share with you the report that resulted from this research, Safety and Security of Artificial Intelligence Systems. Whereas the EU intends to adopt its legislative proposal for a specific Artificial Intelligence Act by the end of 2023, and the Canadian government introduced an Artificial Intelligence and Data Act (AIDA) in June 2022, other surveyed jurisdictions have not yet enacted or advanced similar specific legislation related to AI. However, some surveyed jurisdictions have general legislation mentioning AI in specific provisions and all surveyed jurisdictions apply general legislation to AI. The report looks in particular at the definition of AI systems, cybersecurity requirements for AI systems, the security of personal data, and AI security policy across the supply chain, as applicable. Cybersecurity requirements include, among other things, compliance with requirements with regard to risk management systems; data and data governance; record keeping; transparency and provision of information to users; human oversight; appropriate levels of robustness, and conformity assessments. We invite you to review the information provided in our report. This report is an addition to the Law Library’s Legal Reports (Publications of the Law Library of Congress) collection, which includes over 4,000 historical and contemporary legal reports covering a variety of jurisdictions, researched and written by foreign law specialists with expertise in each area. The Law Library also regularly publishes articles related to artificial intelligence in the Global Legal Monitor.”

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