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Paper – Self-Defence Against Non-State Actors

Peters, Anne and Marxsen, Christian and Christakis, Theodore and Corten, Olivier and Couzigou, Irene and Frowein, Jochen A. and Lo Giacco, Letizia and Grover, Leena and Hartwig, Matthias and van den Herik, Larissa and Kawagishi, Shin and Keinan, Guy and Oellers-Frahm, Karin and Oesterdahl, Inger and Sassenrath, Carl-Philipp and Sjöstedt, Britta and Starski, Paulina and Tams, Christian J. and Tancredi, Antonello and Urs, Priya and Wood, Sir Michael, Self-Defence Against Non-State Actors: Impulses from the Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of Peace and War (March 27, 2017). Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law & International Law (MPIL) Research Paper No. 2017-07. Available at SSRN:

“The legality of self-defence against non-state actors is currently one of the most contested issues of the jus contra bellum. How should we interpret state practice – has it already given rise, in law, to a broader concept of self-defence, or is the traditional state centred view still good law? Under which specific requirements should self-defence against non-state actors, if at all, be regarded as lawful and how can an abuse of an extended right to self-defence be prevented? The “Impulses from the Max Planck Trialogues on the Law of Peace and War” consist of short essays dealing with these questions.”

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