Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Glacier National Park May Have No Glaciers by 2035

New York Times – By “GLACIER NATIONAL PARK, Mont. — What will they call this place once the glaciers are gone? A century ago, this sweep of mountains on the Canadian border boasted some 150 ice sheets, many of them scores of feet thick, plastered across summits and tucked into rocky fissures high above parabolic valleys. Today, perhaps 25 survive. In 30 years, there may be none. A warming climate is melting Glacier’s glaciers, an icy retreat that promises to change not just tourists’ vistas, but also the mountains and everything around them. Streams fed by snowmelt are reaching peak spring flows weeks earlier than in the past, and low summer flows weeks before they used to. Some farmers who depend on irrigation in the parched days of late summer are no longer sure that enough water will be there. Bull trout, once pan-fried over anglers’ campfires, are now caught and released to protect a population that is shrinking as water temperatures rise. Many of the mom-and-pop ski areas that once peppered these mountains have closed. Increasingly, the season is not long enough, nor the snows heavy enough, to justify staying open. What is happening here is occurring, to greater or lesser extents, in mountains across the North American West. In the Colorado Rockies, the median date of snowmelt shifted two to three weeks earlier from 1978 to 2007. In Washington, the Cascades lost nearly a quarter of their snowpack from 1930 to 2007. Every year, British Columbia’s glaciers shed the equivalent of 10 percent of the Mississippi River’s flow because of melting. The retreat is not entirely due to man-made global warming, though scientists say that plays a major role. While the rate of melting has alternately sped up and slowed in lock step with decades-long climate cycles, it has risen steeply since about 1980.”

Report – Major Management and Performance Challenges Facing DHS

Major Management and Performance Challenges Facing the Department of Homeland Security, November 14, 2014 OIG-15-09. “We have identified major challenges that affect both the Department as a whole, as well as individual components. DHS must continually seek to integrate management operations under an authoritative governing structure capable of effectively overseeing and managing programs that cross component lines.Continue Reading

USDA launches new web tool providing access to research and researchers

“The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on sound public policy, the best available science. USDA employs over 5,000 researchers to advance that science, and provides grants to many times that number of researchers outside the Department. As research becomes more interdisciplinary, itContinue Reading

Making plant taxonomy freely accessible

theguardian – GrrlScientist Saturday 13 September 2014. “…For more than a century, taxonomic information was locked away in a variety of dusty journals in vast libraries, where most people could not find or access it. Meanwhile, science marches onward at an ever-increasing rate of speed, which makes it important to rapidly access this information. To addressContinue Reading

NFL Concussion Settlement: How Much is a Brain Worth to the NFL?

Video via FRONTLINE: “Thousands of former NFL players are suing the National Football League over brain injuries they got while playing the game. But no brain is the same. So, what is a brain injury worth to the NFL? FRONTLINE explains.”

Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave – A Look Back

Harvard Business Rewview – Joseph L. Bower and Clayton M. Christensen – FROM THE JANUARY 1995 ISSUE “…Although most managers like to think they are in control, customers wield extraordinary power in directing a company’s investments. Before managers decide to launch a technology, develop a product, build a plant, or establish new channels of distribution, they must look to theirContinue Reading

Global Disease Monitoring and Forecasting with Wikipedia

Global Disease Monitoring and Forecasting with Wikipedia by Nicholas Generous, Geoffrey Fairchild, Alina Deshpande, Sara Y. Del Valle, Reid Priedhorsky. Published: November 13, 2014. “Infectious disease is a leading threat to public health, economic stability, and other key social structures. Efforts to mitigate these impacts depend on accurate and timely monitoring to measure the risk and progress of disease.Continue Reading

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations and Issues for Congress. Ian F. Fergusson, Coordinator, Specialist in International Trade and Finance; Mark A. McMinimy , Analyst in Agricultural Policy; Brock R. Williams, Analyst in International Trade and Finance. November 7, 2014. “The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a proposed regional free trade agreement (FTA) being negotiated among the United States, Australia, Brunei, Canada,Continue Reading

Public Plans Database

“The Center for State and Local Government Excellence and the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College have partnered to develop the Public Plans Database (PPD). The PPD contains comprehensive financial, governance, and plan design information for 126 state and local defined benefit plans, along with additional data on state defined contribution plans. At the stateContinue Reading

The increased supply of underutilized labor from 2006 to 2014

“Four BLS measures of labor underutilization are used to analyze changes in the supply of labor from just before the 2007–2009 recession to June 2014; the results indicate that (1) the increase in the number of people marginally attached to the labor force over the period studied may have been due to either inadequate demandContinue Reading

Investigative Report on the Terrorist Attacks on U.S. Facilities in Benghazi, Libya, September 11-12, 2012

Via the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.  The Committee is the House’s primary panel responsible for authorizing the funding for and overseeing the execution of the intelligence activities of the United States government. [No evidence of bad faith acts – released on Friday evening.] “For over two years, the House Permanent Select Committee onContinue Reading

Investigative Report – Why Mass Shootings Keep Happening

Are we helpless to stop mass shootings? Is anyone even trying to stop them? The good news is that the answers are No and Yes. The bad news: The person loading up hasn’t gotten the news. Tom Junod, Esquire, october 24, 2014. “SINCE SEPTEMBER 11, 2001, according to the START terrorism database, there have been twentyContinue Reading