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Tree and forest effects on air quality and human health in the United States

Tree and forest effects on air quality and human health in the United States. David J. Nowak, Satoshi Hirabayashi, Allison Bodine, Eric Greenfield. Environmental Pollution, October 2014.

“Trees remove air pollution by the interception of particulate matter on plant surfaces and the absorption of gaseous pollutants through the leaf stomata. However, the magnitude and value of the effects of trees and forests on air quality and human health across the United States remains unknown. Computer simulations with local environmental data reveal that trees and forests in the conterminous United States removed 17.4 million tonnes (t) of air pollution in 2010 (range: 9.0e23.2 million t), with human health effects valued at 6.8 billion U.S. dollars (range: $1.5e13.0 billion). This pollution removal equated to an average air quality improvement of less than one percent. Most of the pollution removal occurred in rural areas, while most of the health impacts and values were within urban areas. Health impacts included the avoidance of more than 850 incidences of human mortality and 670,000 incidences of acute respiratory symptoms.”

New GAO Reports – CFPB, Drinking Water, Media Ownership, Railroad Retirement, Security Clearances

CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: Opportunity Exists to Improve Transparency of Civil Penalty Fund Activities, GAO-14-551: Published: Jun 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2014. DRINKING WATER: EPA Program to Protect Underground Sources from Injection of Fluids Associated with Oil and Gas Production Needs Improvement, GAO-14-555: Published: Jun 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2014. MEDIA OWNERSHIP: FCC Should Review the Effects ofContinue Reading

FTC Recommends Mobile Industry Changes to Combat Mobile Cramming

News release: “In a report issued today, the Federal Trade Commission staff recommends steps that mobile carriers and other companies should take to prevent consumers from being stuck with unauthorized charges on their mobile phone bills, an unlawful practice known as mobile cramming. The report focuses on the multi-billion dollar business known as carrier billing, whichContinue Reading

The hallowed ground of World War I, then and now – WaPo

“Today marks 100 years since the start of WW I. On July 28, 1914, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria the month before, thrusting the world into a war unlike any seen before. It would rage on until November 1918, killing more than 5 million troopsContinue Reading

Social Security Board of Trustees: No Change in Projected Year of Trust Fund Reserve Depletion

“The Social Security Board of Trustees today released its annual report on the long-term financial status of the Social Security Trust Funds. The combined asset reserves of the Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) Trust Funds are projected to become depleted in 2033, unchanged from last year, with 77 percent of benefits still payableContinue Reading

26 Questions EU Regulators Want Google to Answer – WSJ

WSJ.com: “European Union privacy watchdogs grilled Google Inc. and other search engines for two hours on Thursday on how they are implementing the bloc’s new “right to be forgotten” online–and then gave them homework to do by next week, too. The main body that joins together the EU’s national data-protection regulators called the Brussels meeting withContinue Reading

The Governance of Regulators – OECD

“This series brings together OECD work related to the 2012 Recommendation of Council on Regulatory Policy and Governance. It offers information about the policies, practices and institutions needed to improve regulatory policy and to support better regulatory governance.” The Governance of Regulators, OECD Best Practice Principles for Regulatory Policy, OECD Publishing. doi: 10.1787/9789264209015-en

DHS Infrastructure Sector Resilience Report: Electric Power Delivery

“The Department of Homeland Security Office of Cyber and Infrastructure Analysis (DHS/OCIA) Homeland Infrastructure Threat and Risk Analysis Center (HITRAC) produces Sector Resilience Reports to improve partner understanding of the interdependencies and resilience of certain sectors. Specifically, this report provides a brief overview of the electric power system, and analysis of key electric power systemContinue Reading

New on LLRX – Cell phone book clubs: A new way for libraries to promote literacy, technology, family and community

Via LLRX.com - Cell phone book clubs: A new way for libraries to promote literacy, technology, family and community Young people are heavy users of cell phones, but most do not know they can read library e-books for free on their phones. In this cutting-edge essay, David Rothman tells how libraries could use “cell phone book clubs” toContinue Reading

The Right to Be Forgotten in the Google Spain Case

Iglezakis, Ioannis, The Right to Be Forgotten in the Google Spain Case (Case C-131/12): A Clear Victory for Data Protection or an Obstacle for the Internet? (July 26, 2014). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2472323 “The right to be forgotten is a new right that is introduced in the Draft Proposal for a General Data ProtectionContinue Reading

New on LLRX – What Does the Hathitrust Decision Mean For Libraries?

Via LLRX.com - What Does the Hathitrust Decision Mean For Libraries? The library community welcomed the decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in Authors Guild v. HathiTrust. The decision has implications for libraries that go far beyond the specific facts of the case. This paper by Jonathan Band offers some preliminary thoughts onContinue Reading

CRL Releases CLOCKSS Audit Report

“The Center for Research Libraries has released the findings of its preservation audit, and has certified CLOCKSS as a trustworthy digital repository. The certification applies to the repository’s ability to preserve and manage digital content deposited with CLOCKSS by participating e-journal publishers as of May 2014. The audit report identifies one issue related to criteria from TRAC (TrustworthyContinue Reading