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Category Archives: Legal Research

Police and Crime: Evidence from Cops 2.0

Mello, Steven, Police and Crime: Evidence from Cops 2.0 (July 6, 2016). Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2812701

“The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act increased funding for the Department of Justice’s local police hiring (COPS) grant program from $20 million in 2008 to $1 billion in 2009 and over $150 million annually in 2010-2012. Among grant winners, program rules generate quasi-random variation in the timing of grant-induced police increases. I leverage this variation to overcome simultaneity bias and estimate the causal effect of police on crime. Event study and instrumental variables estimates suggest that police added by the program resulted in large and statistically significant declines in robberies, larcenies, and auto thefts. I find evidence that these crime reductions are achieved through deterrence rather than incapacitation. Under conservative assumptions, the program’s costs outweigh its benefits, but the program is easily cost-effective under more generous assumptions about its crime effects or associated stimulus benefits. The results highlight that police hiring grants may offer higher benefit-cost ratios than other job creation programs.”

DOJ – New Requirements for FOIA Response Letters

New Requirements for FOIA Response Letters, Including Affording Ninety Days to file an Administrative Appeal, and New Notification Requirement for Notices Extending FOIA’s Time Limits Due to Unusual Circumstances “On June 30, 2016, President Obama signed into law the FOIA Improvement Act of 2016, Pub. L. No. 114-185, 130 Stat. 538, which contains several substantive… Continue Reading

24/7 Wall St – List of Hardest States to Buy a Gun

Samuel Stebbins and Thomas C. Frohlich, July 24, 2016 – “Born from a violent revolution, the U.S. constitution ensures that gun ownership is a fundamental right. Today, there are more than 7.5 million gun stores in the United States, and 29.1% of American adults own at least one firearm of some kind. While the second… Continue Reading

Report by 3 companies – Cyber resiliency in the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Cyber resiliency in the Fourth Industrial Revolution – A roadmap for global leaders facing emerging cyber threats “The First Industrial Revolution, in the late 18th century, was driven largely by steam engines. The second, in the late 19th century, introduced mass production and the division of labor. The third, in the late 20th century, involved… Continue Reading

The Environmental Justice Implications of Biofuels

Gonzalez, Carmen G., The Environmental Justice Implications of Biofuels (July 21, 2016). UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs, Vol. 20, 2016. Available for download at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2813002 “Analyses of the viability of biofuels as alternatives to fossil fuels have often adopted a technocratic approach that focuses on environmental consequences, but places less emphasis… Continue Reading

Global watchdog report – anonymous company owners and government contracting

Via POGO:  “In a new report, London-based watchdog Global Witness sheds light on the dangers of anonymously-owned companies in government contracting. The recent Panama Papers scandal has raised concerns of how money stashed in anonymous shell companies is used to evade taxes and fund international crime. In a similar vein, a Global Witness report titled… Continue Reading

St. Louis Fed releases beta forecasting game

“The St. Louis Fed has developed a forecasting game to go with FRED, called FREDcast https://research.stlouisfed.org/useraccount/fredcast (still in beta).  There is a link to a training webinar:  https://www.stlouisfed.org/events/2016/09/ee-fredcast.” [via Katrina Stierholz, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis] Continue Reading

Criminal Prosecutions for Illegal Entry Up, Re-Entry Down

“The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during the first eight months of FY 2016 the government reported 25,680 new criminal prosecutions for illegal entry, and 20,628 new criminal prosecutions for illegal re-entry. If trends continue, illegal re-entry charges, which are a felony under Title 8 Section 1326 of the United States… Continue Reading

EPA Research – Corrosion in Majority of Diesel Fuel Underground Storage Tank Systems Studied

News release: “In a report released today on corrosion inside diesel fuel underground storage tanks (USTs), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found moderate or severe corrosion that could affect metal components inside both steel and fiberglass underground tank systems. Corrosion inside USTs can cause equipment failure by preventing proper operation of release detection and… Continue Reading

WHO Report – Seven strategies for Ending Violence Against Children

World Health Organization (WHO) – “Globally, hundreds of millions of children — up to one billion — have experienced physical, sexual or psychological violence in the past year. INSPIRE: seven strategies for ending violence against children identifies a select group of strategies that have shown success in reducing violence against children. They are: implementation and… Continue Reading

Explore the full text of Trans-Pacific Partnership with convenient chapter summaries

Read the Deal Explore the full text of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, along with convenient chapter summaries, on Medium. Continue Reading

Unlocking Economic Advantage with Blockchain – A guide for asset managers

Unlocking Economic Advantage with Blockchain, .P. Morgan or Oliver Wyman, July 2016. “There is a growing realization that distributed ledger technology — popularly known as blockchain — will bring a radical shift in the way we think about financial assets and the way the financial industry will operate in the future. The blockchain journey is… Continue Reading