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Daily Archives: April 4, 2014

New GAO Reports – 2020 Census, Defense Infrastructure, International Financial Reforms

  • 2020 CENSUS: Prioritized Information Technology Research and Testing Is Needed for Census Design Decisions, GAO-14-389: Published: Apr 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2014: “The Census Bureau (Bureau) has made progress in researching and testing information technology (IT) options for the 2020 Decennial Census, but several of the supporting projects lack schedules and plans, and it is uncertain whether they will be completed in time to inform the decision on the operational design for the 2020 census, planned for September 2015. Specifically, it has begun research on six IT-related projects, such as using the Internet for survey response and using employees’ personal smartphones to collect census data. However, four of the projects lacked finalized schedules, and three lacked plans for gauging progress. Moreover, the two projects with completed schedules are not estimated to be completed until after the September 2015 design decision date.”
  • DEFENSE INFRASTRUCTURE: Army Has a Process to Manage Litigation Costs for the Military Housing Privatization Initiative, GAO-14-327: Published: Apr 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2014.
  • INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REFORMS: U.S. and Other Jurisdictions’ Efforts to Develop and Implement Reforms, GAO-14-261: Published: Apr 3, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 3, 2014: ” The United States has played an active role in helping to reform financial regulations to address weaknesses revealed by the 2007-2009 financial crisis. According to Treasury officials, during the acute phase of the crisis, the United States proposed elevating the Group of Twenty (G20) forum—representing 19 countries (including the United States) and the European Union—from the level of finance ministers and central banks to the level of heads of state or government. In 2008, the U.S. President and other G20 leaders held their first summit in Washington, D.C., in part to establish a framework to help prevent financial crises. The G20 leaders established principles for financial regulatory reform and agreed on a series of financial reforms, which they have revised or expanded at subsequent summits. To implement their reforms, the G20 leaders generally have called on their national authorities—finance ministries, central banks, and regulators—and international bodies, including the Financial Stability Board (FSB) and standard setting bodies, such as the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. In 2009, the G20 leaders established FSB to coordinate and promote implementation of the financial reforms, which typically involves standard setting bodies developing international standards (e.g., principles, policies, or guidance) and then jurisdictions voluntarily adopting rules or policies consistent with these standards, such as through legislation or regulations. As members of FSB and international standard setting bodies, U.S. federal authorities have actively helped formulate the standards that implement the G20 reforms and cover, among other things, banking, derivatives, and hedge funds.”

CBO – Presentation on Raising the Excise Tax on Cigarettes

Presentation on Raising the Excise Tax on Cigarettes: Effects on Health and the Federal Budget – Presentation by James Baumgardner, CBO’s Deputy Assistant Director for Health, Retirement, and Long-Term Analysis, to the 30th International Congress of Actuaries Continue Reading

DoD Directive – Carrying of Firearms and the Use of Force by DoD Personnel Engaged in Security, Law and Order

April 1, 2011 – NUMBER 5210.56, April 1, 2011 USD(I)  SUBJECT: Carrying of Firearms and the Use of Force by DoD Personnel Engaged in Security, Law and Order, or Counterintelligence Activities. See also previous postings on Fort Hood. Continue Reading

Preliminary Interpretation of Pre-2014 Landslide Deposits in the Vicinity of Oso, Washington

USGS – Preliminary Interpretation of Pre-2014 Landslide Deposits in the Vicinity of Oso, Washington, By Ralph A. Haugerud. “High-resolution topographic surveys allow fairly precise mapping of landslide deposits and their relative ages. Relative ages are determined by cross-cutting relations and the amount of smoothing—more smoothed slide deposits are older—of these deposits. The Tulalip Tribes, in partnership with the Puget Sound Lidar… Continue Reading

Unlawfully Present Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis

CRS – Unlawfully Present Aliens, Higher Education, In-State Tuition, and Financial Aid: Legal Analysis. Kate M. Manuel, Legislative Attorney, March 28, 2014 “The existence of a sizable population of “DREAMers” in the United States has prompted questions about unlawfully present aliens’ eligibility for admission to public institutions of higher education, in-state tuition, and financial aid. The term DREAMer is… Continue Reading

The Effectiveness of China’s Industrial Policies in Commercial Aviation Manufacturing

The Effectiveness of China’s Industrial Policies in Commercial Aviation Manufacturing by Keith Crane, Jill E. Luoto, Scott Warren Harold, David Yang, Samuel K. Berkowitz, Xiao Wang “Since economic reforms began in 1978, China has enjoyed rapid growth in exports, which have contributed to the country’s impressive economic growth. Improvements in the quality of China’s workforce, manufacturing technologies, and materials have enabled the… Continue Reading

Monthly Labor Review – April 2014

Lawrence R. Klein Award recipients announced for 2013 04/02/2014 Unemployment continued its downward trend in 2013 04/01/2014 Nonfarm employment continued its road to recovery in 2013 03/28/2014 Women not yet “on board” 03/28/2014 A better way to measure pay differentials among industries 03/19/2014 Investment in higher education by race and ethnicity 03/11/2014 Single mothers and welfare: a new perspective 03/11/2014 New college… Continue Reading

Pew – Older Adults and Technology Use

Aaron Smith – April 3, 2014: “America’s seniors have historically been late adopters to the world of technology compared to their younger compatriots, but their movement into digital life continues to deepen, according to newly released data from the Pew Research Center. In this report, we take advantage of a particularly large survey to conduct… Continue Reading