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Daily Archives: January 2, 2023

Annotated History of Modern AI and Deep Learning

Annotated History of Modern AI and Deep Learning – Juergen Schmidhube. [v2] Thu, 29 Dec 2022 11:38:07 UTC.

“Machine learning is the science of credit assignment: finding patterns in observations that predict the consequences of actions and help to improve future performance. Credit assignment is also required for human understanding of how the world works, not only for individuals navigating daily life, but also for academic professionals like historians who interpret the present in light of past events. Here I focus on the history of modern artificial intelligence (AI) which is dominated by artificial neural networks (NNs) and deep learning, both conceptually closer to the old field of cybernetics than to what’s been called AI since 1956 (e.g., expert systems and logic programming). A modern history of AI will emphasize breakthroughs outside of the focus of traditional AI text books, in particular, mathematical foundations of today’s NNs such as the chain rule (1676), the first NNs (linear regression, circa 1800), and the first working deep learners (1965-). From the perspective of 2022, I provide a timeline of the — in hindsight — most important relevant events in the history of NNs, deep learning, AI, computer science, and mathematics in general, crediting those who laid foundations of the field. The text contains numerous hyperlinks to relevant overview sites from my AI Blog. It supplements my previous deep learning survey (2015) which provides hundreds of additional references. Finally, to round it off, I’ll put things in a broader historic context spanning the time since the Big Bang until when the universe will be many times older than it is now.”

Inventing the Dark Web

Via LLRX – Inventing the Dark Web – This paper by Thais Sardá, Simone Natale, and John Downey examines how the deep Web, i.e., Web sites that are not indexed and thus are not accessible through Web search engines, was described and represented in British newspapers. Through an extensive content analysis conducted on 833 articles… Continue Reading

9 Cybersecurity Tips to Stay Protected in 2023

How to Geek: “As new technology emerges, cybersecurity protocols also evolve. However, there are some basic tips you should carry with you everywhere to stay better protected against cyber attacks. Here are some general rules to follow to stay safe in 2023.” Use Strong Passwords and a Password Manager Use Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) Double-Check That… Continue Reading

2022’s US climate disasters, from storms and floods to heat waves and droughts

Ars Technica: “The year 2022 will be remembered across the US for its devastating flooding and storms—and also for its extreme heat waves and droughts. By October, the US had already seen 15 disasters causing more than $1 billion in damage each, well above the average. The year started and ended with widespread severe winter… Continue Reading

Twitter v. Mastodon v. Post v. Other Possibilities

Teri Kanefield’s long read is an articulate, in-depth analysis of the rapid, jarring, deeply troubling shifts occurring on social media giant Twitter, and the choices she recommends users should make moving forward. Kanefield’s expansive knowledge of social media, writing, teaching and the law make this article a compelling read. LLRX and beSpacific have been posting… Continue Reading