Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Daily Archives: May 8, 2014

Reducing Poverty Through Climate Action

A Strategy for Global Development Leaders | Molly Elgin-CossartCathleen Kelly, and Abigail Jones | May 8, 2014

“Climate change is already affecting every continent across the globe, and people living in developing countries will fare far worse than most in a warmer world, warns a March report from the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC. The report—“Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability,” authored by leading scientists from around the world—makes clear that there are many actions that local and national decision makers and the international community can take now to strengthen community resilience and reduce climate change risks and costs. The report also reveals that many actions to fight climate change and prepare for its unavoidable impacts will improve public health, safety, and livelihoods. An April IPCC report presents a host of sobering evidence revealing that if countries do not take immediate and ambitious steps to rein in global carbon pollution today, they will face crippling costs to do so in the future. The report identifies many different options that countries can pursue now to reduce emissions from energy production and use, transportation, and land use, among others; these options also provide energy access, reduce local air pollution, and support sustainable development.”

Learning By Thinking: How Reflection Improves Performance

Giada Di Stefano, Francesca Gino, Gary Pisano, and Bradley Staats: “Knowledge plays an important role in the productivity and prosperity of economies, organizations, and individuals. Even so, research on learning has primarily focused on the role of doing (experience) in fostering progress over time. To compare the effectiveness of different sources of learning, the authors take… Continue Reading

Food Security Status of U.S. Households in 2012

Food Security Status of U.S. Households in 2012 Food Security Status of U.S. Households with Children in 2012 How Many People Lived in Food-Insecure Households? Food Insecurity by Household Characteristics Very Low Food Security by Household Characteristics Trends in Prevalence Rates State-Level Prevalence of Food Insecurity (map) 49 Million Americans Go Hungry, Despite So-Called Recovery Map… Continue Reading

Human Rights Watch – Nation Behind Bars

News release: “Far too many US laws violate basic principles of justice by requiring disproportionately severe punishment, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. The 36-page report, “Nation Behind Bars: A Human Rights Solution,” notes that laws requiring penalties that are far longer than necessary to meet the purposes of punishment have given the United… Continue Reading

Snapchat Settles FTC Charges That Promises of Disappearing Messages Were False

News release: “Snapchat, the developer of a popular mobile messaging app, has agreed to settle Federal Trade Commission charges that it deceived consumers with promises about the disappearing nature of messages sent through the service.  The FTC case also alleged that the company deceived consumers over the amount of personal data it collected and the security measures… Continue Reading

Biking to Work Increases 60 Percent Over Last Decade, Census Bureau Reports

“Many U.S. cities are seeing an increase in bicycle commuters, according to a U.S. Census Bureau report released today. Nationwide, the number of people who traveled to work by bike increased roughly 60 percent over the last decade, from about 488,000 in 2000 to about 786,000 during the 2008-2012 period. This is the largest percentage increase of… Continue Reading

New GAO Reports: InfoTech Policies -Best Practices, Management Controls, NASA

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: Agencies Need to Establish and Implement Incremental Development Policies, GAO-14-361: Published: May 1, 2014. Publicly Released: May 8, 2014. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: Implementing Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Improve the Management of Investments, GAO-14-596T: Published: May 8, 2014. Publicly Released: May 8, 2014. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: SSA Needs to Address Limitations in Management Controls and Human Capital Planning to Support… Continue Reading

China and International Law in Cyberspace

U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission Staff Report. May 6, 2014. China and International Law in Cyberspace by Kimberly Hsu, Policy Analyst, Security and Foreign Affairs with Craig Murray, Senior Policy Analyst, Security and Foreign Affairs “The Chinese government states it intends to work with the “international community to promote the building of a peaceful, secure, open, and cooperative cyberspace.”… Continue Reading

BLS – TED: The Editor’s Desk image

65.9 percent of 2013 high school graduates enrolled in college (05/08/2014) Compensation costs for private industry workers up 1.7 percent in year ending March 2014 (05/07/2014) Participation rate, employment–population ratio, and unemployment rate in April 2014 (05/06/2014) Payroll employment up 288,000 in April 2014 (05/05/2014) Gross job gains from opening and expanding establishments were 7.0 million in Q3 2013 (05/02/2014)… Continue Reading

Rising CO2 poses significant threat to human nutrition

Todd Datz, Harvard School of Public Health Communications: “At the elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 anticipated by around 2050, crops that provide a large share of the global population with most of their dietary zinc and iron will have significantly reduced concentrations of those nutrients, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH).… Continue Reading