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Daily Archives: October 28, 2015

OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015

Governments should do more to improve the design and delivery of new laws, as even small efforts to fix regulatory shortcomings can have a tangible positive impact on economic activity and well-being, according to a new OECD report. The OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015 – the first effort to track how OECD countries develop, implement and review their laws and regulations – finds that governments have come a long way in ensuring law-making is accountable and evidence-based. Yet more could be done to improve the way laws are designed, implemented and evaluated. The report finds that 33 of the 34 OECD countries have adopted an explicit regulatory policy and require regulatory impact assessments and public consultation for all new regulations, while 29 have a designated minister to promote regulatory reform. However, a third of OECD countries have no policy at all on regulatory compliance and enforcement, and two-thirds have no system for evaluating laws once they are implemented. This creates unnecessary costs for businesses and society, the report says. Internationally, co-operation in law-making is essential for creating global rules and standards, addressing trade frictions and environmental risks, and reducing the risk of regulatory failures such as the 2008 financial crisis or the recent VW emission tests scandal. Yet only a third of OECD countries have a clear policy for international regulatory co‑operation. “Governments tend to focus their energy on getting their tax and spending policies right and often overlook a third lever that can support economic growth – regulation,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, presenting the report to the 2015 OECD Public Governance Ministerial Meeting in Helsinki. “Governments trying to shake off anaemic growth must address shortcomings in regulation and ensure laws work as well in practice as they do on paper. Laws need to be not just well designed but well-implemented, properly evaluated and consistently applied across sectors, jurisdictions and borders,” he said. Regulatory improvement pays dividends. The report shows that a crackdown on red tape in the United Kingdom saved businesses GBP 10 billion over four years. Simplifying regulation in Belgium delivered savings of EUR 1.25 billion for citizens and businesses. And in Australia, reforms to reduce regulatory costs increased GDP by 1.3%. OECD governments and industry save EUR 153 million a year through regulatory co‑operation that reduces chemical testing and uses harmonised formats and work sharing. Poor coordination on regulation between countries weighs on business and trade. The recently signed Trans-Pacific Partnership and the upcoming COP21 climate change talks underline the growing need for closer regulatory co-ordination in everything from manufacturing and financial services to carbon emissions.”

GAO Reports – SBA, VA Mental Health, Combating Nuclear Smuggling, Electronic Health Records, Federal Supply Chains

Amphibious Combat Vehicle: Some Acquisition Activities Demonstrate Best Practices; Attainment of Amphibious Capability to be Determined, GAO-16-22: Published: Oct 28, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 2015. Small Business Administration: Leadership Attention Needed to Overcome Management Challenges, GAO-15-347: Published: Sep 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 2015. Small Business Administration: Views on the Operational Effects of… Continue Reading

Climate Risks to the Financial System

Covington, Howard, Climate Risks to the Financial System (October 27, 2015). Available for download at SSRN: “An estimate is made of the specific risk to the fossil fuel sector from wind and solar generation and from electric vehicles. The systemic risk to investment portfolios from climate change is then analysed.” Continue Reading

Regulating Real-World Surveillance

Kaminski, Margot E., Regulating Real-World Surveillance (October 27, 2015). Washington Law Review, Vol. 9, No. 113, 2015; Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 316. Available for download at SSRN: “A number of laws govern information gathering, or surveillance, by private parties in the physical world. But we lack a compelling theory of privacy… Continue Reading

Library of Congress 2015 DMCA 1201 Rules

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS U.S. Copyright Office 37 CFR Part 201 [Docket No. 2014-07] Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies. AGENCY: U.S. Copyright Office, Library of Congress. ACTION: Final rule. “In this final rule, the Librarian of Congress adopts exemptions to the provision of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act… Continue Reading

EFF Report – License Plate Readers Used By States – Exposed

Dave Maass and Cooper Quintin: “Law enforcement agencies around the country have been all too eager to adopt mass surveillance technologies, but sometimes they have put little effort into ensuring the systems are secure and the sensitive data they collect on everyday people is protected. Case in point: automated license plate recognition (ALPR) systems. Earlier… Continue Reading

Nation’s Report Card: 2015 Mathematics and Reading Assessments

“Results from the 2015 NAEP mathematics and reading assessments are available. Learn about the findings and how to explore the report online. The results from the 2015 mathematics and reading assessments are based on representative samples of approximately 279,000 fourth-graders and 273,000 eighth-graders. Results are reported for public and private school students in the nation,… Continue Reading

ODNI – The Principles of Intelligence Transparency

The Principles of Intelligence Transparency Implementation Plan, October 27, 2015. “The Principles of Intelligence Transparency – In February 2015, the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) published the Principles of Intelligence Transparency for the Intelligence Community (Principles). These Principles are intended to facilitate Intelligence Community (IC) decisions on making information publicly available in a manner that… Continue Reading

Economic Census Data on Transportation and Warehousing

“The 2012 Economic Census concludes the Geographic Area Series for the transportation and warehousing sector. This series includes statistics for air, rail, and water transportation and warehousing and storage. The files provide statistics on the number of establishments, revenue, payroll, number of employees and other data items by industry. Geographic Area Series data is the… Continue Reading