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Daily Archives: June 7, 2014

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer – Paul K. Kerr, Analyst in Nonproliferation; Mary Beth D. Nikitin, Specialist in Nonproliferation. May 14, 2014.

“Under existing law (Atomic Energy Act [AEA] of 1954, as amended; P.L. 95-242; 42 U.S.C. §2153 et seq.) all significant U.S. nuclear cooperation with other countries requires a peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement. Significant nuclear cooperation includes the transfer of U.S.-origin special nuclear material subject to licensing for commercial, medical, and industrial purposes. Such agreements, which are “congressional-executive agreements” requiring congressional approval, do not guarantee that cooperation will take place or that nuclear material will be transferred, but rather set the terms of reference and authorize cooperation. The AEA includes requirements for an agreement’s content, conditions for the President to exempt an agreement from those requirements, presidential determinations and other supporting information to be submitted to Congress, conditions affecting the implementation of an agreement once it takes effect, and procedures for Congress to consider and approve the agreement. Section 123 of the AEA requires that any agreement for nuclear cooperation meet nine nonproliferation criteria and that the President submit any such agreement to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. The Department of State is required to provide the President with an unclassified Nuclear Proliferation Assessment Statement (NPAS), which the President is to submit, along with the agreement, to those two committees. The State Department is also required to provide a classified annex to the NPAS, prepared in consultation with the Director of National Intelligence. The NPAS is meant to explain how the agreement meets the AEA nonproliferation requirements. The President must also make a written determination “that the performance of the proposed agreement will promote and will not constitute an unreasonable risk to, the common defense and security.”

Report: Actions to Improve Chemical Facility Safety and Security – A Shared Commitment

Via EPA – On August 1, 2013, the president issued Executive Order (EO) 13650 – Improving Chemical Facility Safety and Security – to improve the safety and security of chemical facilities and reduce the risks of hazardous chemicals to facility workers and operators, communities, and responders. Chemicals and the facilities that manufacture, store, distribute and use them are essential… Continue Reading

WSJ – In a Single Tweet, as Many Pieces of Metadata as There Are Characters

Elizabeth Dwoskin – “To understand big data, look no further than a single tweet. At 140 characters a tweet seems tiny, but it can yield a wealth of information. According to Elasticsearch, a startup that builds software to help companies mine data from social media, there are 150 separate points of so-called metadata in an individual tweet. Metadata loosely refers… Continue Reading

Digitization and Digital Preservation: A Review of the Literature

Digitization and Digital Preservation: A Review of the Literature, Stephanie Routhier Perry, San Jose State University. “Digitization is rapidly becoming one of the standard forms of preservation for libraries, archives and information centers’ analog materials. This newer process is allowing preservationists to ensure information contained within fragile, organic materials will still be viewable to future generations. However, as… Continue Reading

Gallup-Purdue index releases inaugural findings of national landmark study

“Gallup, in partnership with Purdue University and Lumina Foundation, [on May 6, 2014] released results from the inaugural Gallup-Purdue Index that finds there is no difference in workplace engagement or a college graduate’s well-being if they attended a public or private not-for-profit institution, a highly selective institution, or a top 100-ranked school in U.S. News &… Continue Reading

Kaiser – Medicare Could Save Billions By Scrapping Random Drug Plan Assignment

Kaiser Health News: “A new study finds that Medicare is spending billions of dollars more than it needs to on prescription drugs for low-income seniors and disabled beneficiaries. In 2013, an estimated 10 million people who participate in the Medicare prescription drug program, known as Part D, received government subsidies to help pay for that coverage. They account for… Continue Reading

Conflict of Laws Structure and Vision: Updating a Venerable Discipline

Little, Laura E., Conflict of Laws Structure and Vision: Updating a Venerable Discipline (June 2014). Georgia State University Law Review, Forthcoming; Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper. Available at SSRN: “Conflict of Laws has guided nations, individual lawmakers, lawyers, and scholars for centuries. The discipline’s rigorous analytical doctrines assist in resolving power clashes among governments… Continue Reading

Systemic Corruption: Considering Culture in Second-Generation Reforms

Laver, Roberto, Systemic Corruption: Considering Culture in Second-Generation Reforms (June 5, 2014). Edmond J. Safra Working Papers, No. 45. Available at SSRN: “This paper is about systemic corruption and its cultural drivers. Corruption remains a key obstacle to development and overcoming poverty in the vast majority of nations worldwide. Countries with relatively good governments and… Continue Reading

Senate Holds Hearing on Consumer Location Privacy Protection

EPIC – “The Senate recently held a hearing on the Location Privacy Protection Act of 2014 authored by Senator Franken. In an opening statement, Senator Franken said his “bill makes sure that if a company wants to get your location…they need to get your permission first.” FTC Director, Jessica Rich, testified that location data is “sensitive information” that “raises privacy concerns.” The… Continue Reading

Internet Giants Erect Barriers to Spy Agencies – NYT

DAVID E. SANGER and NICOLE PERLROTH – Google is encrypting more data as it moves between servers “Internet companies like Google and Facebook are working to keep governments and especially their spy agencies out of their servers after revelations from Edward J. Snowden that they had been invaded…As fast as it can, Google is sealing… Continue Reading