Accurate, Focused Research on Law, Technology and Knowledge Discovery Since 2002

Daily Archives: November 6, 2013

Wireless Networks: Technological Challenges and Policy Implications

Yoo, Christopher S., Wireless Networks: Technological Challenges and Policy Implications (November 6, 2013). U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 13-31. Available at SSRN

Since June 2012, mobile wireless has emerged as the largest and fast growing medium for broadband service. At the same time, mobile wireless networks have proven considerably more difficult to manage than wireline networks. The primary causes are the rapid growth in demand for wireless bandwidth and the greater susceptibility of wireless networks to poor quality of service because of the omnidirectional propagation of wireless signals, bad handoffs, local congestion, and the susceptibility to complex interference patterns caused by multipath propagation. Moreover, the central inference underlying the primary form of congestion management is not valid for wireless networks. As a result, wireless networks adopt different approaches to error correction and congestion management than do wireline networks, which results in significantly heavier network management in ways that violate the Internet’s commitment to the absence of per-flow state and its supposed adherence to the absence of prioritization. In addition, mobile networks put significant pressure on the routing architecture by requiring the use of Internet gateways for 3G networks, accelerating the pace with which the routing architecture changes, fragmenting the compactness of the address space, and relying on a mobile IP solution that depends on a home agent to serve as a proxy in the core of the network. Proposed solutions, such as the identity/locator split, represent significant deviations from the universal address architecture around which the current architecture is designed. These considerations support the Federal Communications Commission’s decision to subject wireless broadband to a less restrictive version of its rule against unreasonable discrimination in its Open Internet Order.”

NOAA internet tool provides unique access to environmental data

“NOAA today unveiled the beta version of “NOAA View,” an online educational tool that gives educators and the public interactive access to NOAA environmental data, enabling unique views of the world’s oceans, land, atmosphere, cryosphere and climate. The NOAA View imagery portal provides a single point for experiencing NOAA data, including environmental information captured by… Continue Reading

Supplemental Measure of Poverty Remains Unchanged

Census news release: “The nation’s poverty rate was 16.0 percent in 2012, unchanged from 2011, according to the supplemental poverty measure released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. The 2012 rate was higher than the official measure of 15.0 percent. The official poverty rate in 2012 was also not significantly different from the corresponding rate… Continue Reading

News – First Global Census Shows Record of 2,170 Billionaires Worldwide

News release: “The inaugural Wealth-X and UBS Billionaire Census 2013, released today, reveals that the global billionaire population reached a record 2,170 individuals in 2013 and total billionaire wealth in Asia surged nearly 13 percent, making it the fastest-growing region. At current growth rates, the Wealth-X and UBS Billionaire Census 2013, the first-ever comprehensive global… Continue Reading

Social Security Administration – Wage Statistics for 2012

“The national average wage index (AWI) is based on compensation (wages, tips, and the like) subject to Federal income taxes, as reported by employers on Forms W-2. Beginning with the AWI for 1991, compensation includes contributions to deferred compensation plans, but excludes certain distributions from plans where the distributions are included in the reported compensation subject to… Continue Reading

Research – canine companion is capable of reaching toddler-level cognition and language acquisition

TIME – article by John W. Pilley: “When people ask me how smart my dog is, I say that she has about the intelligence of a toddler. Chaser is a 9-year-old border collie who knows 1,000 words, but any dog is potentially capable of reaching toddler-level cognition and development, including learning the basic elements of… Continue Reading

CRS – Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations – Jim Zanotti, Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs – November 1, 2013 “Since Israel’s founding in 1948, successive U.S. Presidents and many Members of Congress have demonstrated a commitment to Israel’s security and to maintaining close U.S.-Israel defense, diplomatic, and economic cooperation. U.S. and Israeli leaders have developed close relations… Continue Reading

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses, Kenneth Katzman, Specialist in Middle Eastern Affairs. November 4, 2013 “A priority of Obama Administration policy has been to reduce the perceived threat posed by Iran to a broad range of U.S. interests. Well before Iran’s nuclear issue rose to the forefront of U.S. concerns about Iran in 2003,… Continue Reading

Report of National Commission for Review of Research and Development Programs of the United States Intelligence Community, Unclassified Version

Report of the National Commission for the Review of the Research and Development Programs of the United States Intelligence Community, Unclassified Version, released November 2013 “The global spread of scientific and technical knowledge challenges U.S. national security. It threatens to erode essential capabilities of the U.S. Intelligence Community (IC) and the strength of the U.S.… Continue Reading

ALA E-Book Media and Communications Toolkit

“Since January 2012, the ALA Digital Content & Libraries Working Group has focused on e-book library lending – particularly around major publishers that refuse to offer their titles through our nation’s libraries, have dramatically raised prices, or have introduced new restrictions. And we have made some progress. As of April 2013, all of the “Big… Continue Reading